Ministry for Culture and Heritage

Last updated

Ministry for Culture and Heritage Te Manatū Taonga
MCH-logo.png
Agency overview
Formed1 September 1999
Preceding agency
  • Ministry of Cultural Affairs
Jurisdiction New Zealand
Headquarters Public Trust Building
131–135 Lambton Quay
Wellington 6011
Annual budgetTotal budgets for 2017/18 [1]
Vote Arts, Culture and Heritage
Increase2.svg$317,995,000
Vote Sport and Recreation
Steady2.svg$89,195,000
Minister responsible
Agency executive
  • Bernadette Cavanagh
    Chief Executive
Website www.mch.govt.nz

The Ministry for Culture and Heritage Te Manatū Taonga (MCH) is the public-service department of the New Zealand government charged with advising the government on policies and issues involving the arts, culture, built heritage, sport and recreation, and broadcasting sectors, and participating in functions that advance or promote those sectors.

The Arts Council of New Zealand Toi Aotearoa is the national arts development agency of the New Zealand government, investing in artists and arts organisations, offering capability building programmes and developing markets and audiences for New Zealand arts domestically and internationally. Its funding consists of approximately 30% central government funding and the remaining amount from the Lotteries Commission. In 2014/15, the Arts Council invested a record $43.6 million in New Zealand arts and arts organisations.

Culture of New Zealand

The culture of New Zealand is essentially a Western culture influenced by the unique environment and geographic isolation of the islands, and the cultural input of the indigenous Māori people and the various waves of multi-ethnic migration which followed the British colonisation of New Zealand.

Sport New Zealand is a New Zealand Crown entity responsible for governing sport and recreation in New Zealand.

Contents

History

The Ministry of Cultural Affairs had been created in 1991; prior to this, the Department of Internal Affairs (DIA) had provided oversight and support for arts and culture functions. [3]

The Department of Internal Affairs is the public service department of New Zealand charged with issuing passports; administering applications for citizenship and lottery grants; enforcing censorship and gambling laws; registering births, deaths, marriages and civil unions; supplying support services to Ministers of the Crown; and advising the government on a range of relevant policies and issues, part of a number of functions performed by Internal Affairs.

MCH was founded in 1999 with the merger of the former Ministry of Cultural Affairs and the history and heritage functions of the DIA, as well as some functions from the Department of Conservation and Ministry of Commerce. [3] [4] The purpose of the merger of functions and departments was to create a coherent, non-fragmented overview of the cultural and heritage sector, rather than spreading services and functions across several departments. [4]

Minister for Cultural Affairs Marie Hasler oversaw the transition of functions into the new agency. [4] Opposition Labour MP Judith Tizard, who would later serve as an Associate Minister for the ministry in the Fifth Labour Government of New Zealand, accused the restructure of being "all hype, no substance," lacking the funding and human resource necessary to be effective. [5]

Marie Bernadine Hasler is a former New Zealand politician. She was a member of Parliament for the National Party from 1990 to 1993, and then again from 1996 to 2002.

Judith Tizard New Zealand politician

Judith Ngaire Tizard is a former New Zealand politician, and a member of the Labour Party.

The Fifth Labour Government of New Zealand was the government of New Zealand from 10 December 1999 to 19 November 2008. Labour Party leader Helen Clark negotiated a coalition with Jim Anderton, leader of the Alliance Party and later the Progressive Party, and New Zealand First. While undertaking a number of substantial reforms, it was not particularly radical compared to previous Labour governments.

At the time of its establishment, the minister responsible for the ministry was the Minister for Culture and Heritage. This position is now titled the Minister for Arts, Culture and Heritage.

Minister for Arts, Culture and Heritage

The Minister for Arts, Culture and Heritage is a minister in the government of New Zealand with responsibility for arts, culture, heritage, and broadcasting, and is in charge of the Ministry for Culture and Heritage. The position was established in 1975 as Minister for the Arts.

Functions

The ministry advises the government on policies and issues relating to the arts, culture, heritage, sport and recreation, and broadcasting sectors. It funds 17 other agencies which also support these sectors, [6] looks after war monuments and memorials and war graves throughout New Zealand, and is involved in a number of projects promoting and documenting New Zealand history. [7]

Agencies

Guardianship

In 2014 the ministry became the guardian of the TVNZ Archive collection on behalf of the crown. [8] It appointed Ngā Taonga Sound & Vision as the initial archive manager. The TVNZ Archive collection contains over 600,000 hours of television spanning almost 55 years of New Zealand's public television history. [9] It includes iconic New Zealand content such as documentaries, dramas, sports programmes [10] and every TVNZ news broadcast from December 1986 to 2014. [11] [12] In a 2014 briefing to Minister Craig Foss, the ministry noted that the long-term preservation of the TVNZ Archive collection did not align with the broadcaster's business needs and that transferring the collection to the crown would allow for the proper preservation of the collection. [13] Both the ministry and TVNZ explicitly wanted to ensure the archive was preserved and that it was made increasingly available for re-use through online streaming and other means. [14]

History and heritage

The ministry supports research into and promotion of New Zealand history. This includes publication of New Zealand history books and e-books, and a number of websites. The ministry's managed sites include: [15]

David Green, a historian working for the ministry, discovered that significantly more New Zealand personnel were engaged in the Gallipoli Campaign than had been recorded in Fred Waite's official history, The New Zealanders at Gallipoli. Waite's number of some 8,500 men was corrected to approximately 13,000 in September 2013. [19]

Landmarks Whenua Tohunga is a partnership between MCH, the Department of Conservation Te Papa Atawhai, Heritage New Zealand Pouhere Taonga and the Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment. The programme promotes and encourages people to visit New Zealand’s historically and culturally important places. Landmarks has been launched so far in Northland and Otago. [20]

Legislation

The ministry is also responsible for overseeing dozens of current acts and regulations. [21] These include:

Ministers

The ministry serves three portfolios, three ministers and an associate minister. [39]

OfficeholderPortfolio(s)Other responsibilities
Rt Hon Jacinda Ardern Lead Minister (Ministry for Culture and Heritage)
Minister for Arts, Culture and Heritage
Hon Grant Robertson Minister for Sport and RecreationAssociate Minister for Arts, Culture and Heritage
Hon Carmel Sepuloni Associate Minister for Arts, Culture and Heritage

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Treaty of Waitangi Treaty between representatives of the British Crown and various Māori chiefs

The Treaty of Waitangi is a treaty first signed on 6 February 1840 by representatives of the British Crown and Māori chiefs (rangatira) from the North Island of New Zealand. It is a document of central importance to the history and political constitution of the state of New Zealand, and has been highly significant in framing the political relations between New Zealand's government and the Māori population.

Māori culture Customs, cultural practices, and beliefs of the indigenous Māori people of New Zealand

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Tino rangatiratanga

Tino rangatiratanga is a Māori language term that can be interpreted as 'absolute sovereignty'. It appears in the Māori version of the Treaty of Waitangi, signed by the British Crown and Māori chiefs (rangatira) in 1840. It has become one of the most contentious phrases in retrospective analyses of the Treaty, amid debate surrounding the obligations agreed to by each signatory. The phrase features in current historical and political discourse on race relations in New Zealand, and is widely used by Māori advocacy groups. A flag based on tino rangatiratanga was designed in 1990, and has become accepted as a national flag for Māori groups across New Zealand.

A taonga is now a treasure in Māori culture; it can be anything from a word to a memory. The current definition differs from the historical definition, noted by Hongi Hika as "property procured by the spear" [one could understand this as war booty or defended property].

Te Māngai Pāho is the New Zealand Crown entity responsible for the promotion of the Māori language and Māori culture by providing funding for Māori-language programming on radio, and television. It was established in 1989 under the name Te Reo Whakapuaki Irirangi, and is administered by the Ministry of Justice, but uses the name Te Māngai Pāho or TMP in official publications.

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Tohunga Suppression Act 1907

The Tohunga Suppression Act 1907 was an Act of the New Zealand Parliament aimed at replacing tohunga as traditional Māori healers with "modern" medicine.

Ngā Taonga Sound & Vision

Ngā Taonga Sound & Vision is the operating name for The New Zealand Archive of Film, Television and Sound Ngā Taonga Whitiāhua Me Ngā Taonga Kōrero. The archive was launched on 31 July 2014, following the completion of a three-year process whereby the New Zealand Film Archive "absorbed" the collections and operations of the RNZ Sound Archives Ngā Taonga Kōrero in 2012 and the Television New Zealand Archive in 2014.

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Te Ture Whenua Māori Act 1993

Te Ture Whenua Māori Act 1993 is a statute of the Parliament of New Zealand to "reform the laws relating to Māori land in accordance with the principles set out in the Preamble". These principles "reaffirm" the Treaty of Waitangi "relationship between the Māori people and the Crown" and "recognise that land is taonga tuku iho of special significance to Māori people". To that end, the principles "promote the retention of ... land in the hands of its owners, their whanau, and their hapu, and to protect wahi tapu". Further, they "facilitate the occupation, development, and utilisation of that land for the benefit of its owners, their whanau, and their hapu".

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New Zealand Māori Arts and Crafts Institute

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The Television New Zealand Archive collection contains over 600,000 hours of television spanning almost 55 years of New Zealand's public television history. It includes iconic New Zealand content such as documentaries, dramas, sports programmes and every TVNZ news broadcast from December 1986 to 2014. The archive only holds titles that have previously been broadcast – raw footage is not included. The archive also includes thousands of photographic stills. Both TVNZ and the Ministry for Culture and Heritage hold a list of the titles held in the TVNZ Archive collection. This has subsequently been released under the Official Information Act. The Ministry considers the majority of titles to be of high heritage and cultural value and the Minister of Broadcasting Craig Foss stated it was a "unique record of life in New Zealand". The contents of the collection are subject to the Public Records Act 2005. In 2014 the Ministry for Culture and Heritage, on behalf of the Crown, became the guardian of the archive. The physical collection is located in the Wellington region, in the former TVNZ Avalon facility now owned by the Department of Internal Affairs.

Mental health in New Zealand

Mental health in New Zealand generally follows the trends of mental health in other OECD countries. New Zealand's 'outdoor life style' and high standard of living are balanced by isolation and a self-reliant culture, which discourages asking for help. Historically, people with mental health problems were institutionalised, whereas now the focus is on care in the wider community. The stigma around poor mental health has been lessened in recent years as a result of this change and public education campaigns. However, New Zealand's minorities and youth continue to be over-represented in the negative mental health statistics.

Surveying in New Zealand

Surveying in New Zealand began with the arrival of Abel Tasman in the mid 17th century. Cartography and surveying have developed in incremental steps since that time till the integration of New Zealand into a global system based on GPS and the New Zealand Geodetic Datum 2000.

References

  1. "Total Appropriations for Each Vote". 2017 Budget. The Treasury.
  2. "Ministerial List". Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet . Retrieved 26 October 2017.
  3. 1 2 "History of Government involvement in culture". Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 26 February 2017.
  4. 1 2 3 Marie Hasler (28 July 1999). "Cultural and Heritage sector – some relevant questions and answers" (Press release). Retrieved 26 February 2017.
  5. Judith Tizard (28 July 1999). "All hype, no substance" (Press release). Retrieved 26 February 2017.
  6. "Agencies we fund". Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 26 February 2017.
  7. "Our projects". Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 26 February 2017.
  8. "Budget 2014: Better access to NZ's TV heritage" (Press release). New Zealand Government. May 21, 2014. Retrieved 2017-12-16.
  9. Foss, Craig (July 31, 2014). Draft speech (PDF) (Speech). Function to mark the transfer of responsibility for the TVNZ Archives to the New Zealand Film Archive. Wellington, New Zealand. Retrieved 2017-12-16.
  10. Ministry for Culture and Heritage (February 14, 2013). TVNZ Archive - Update on IP issues (briefing 2014/36) (PDF) (Report). p. 11. Retrieved 2017-12-16.
  11. "Video: Preserving the TVNZ Collection" . Retrieved 2017-12-28.
  12. "Official Information Act request (5402)" . Retrieved 2018-04-20.
  13. Ministry for Culture and Heritage (March 21, 2014). TVNZ Archive transfer - update (briefing 2014/107) (PDF) (Report). p. 16. Retrieved 2017-12-16.
  14. "Memorandum of Understanding - Access to TVNZ Archive Collection, between the Ministry for Culture and Heritage and the Department of Internal Affairs" (PDF). Retrieved 2017-12-16.
  15. "Websites we run". Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 26 February 2017.
  16. "Ngā Tapuwae Trails". Ngā Tapuwae Trails. Retrieved 2019-02-24.
  17. "About WW100 | WW100 New Zealand". ww100.govt.nz. Retrieved 2019-02-24.
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  19. "New research: How many New Zealanders served on Gallipoli?". New Zealand Defence Force. 3 September 2013. Retrieved 10 December 2013.
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