Australian Faunal Directory

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The Australian Faunal Directory (AFD) is an online catalogue of taxonomic and biological information on all animal species known to occur within Australia. [1] [2] It is a program of the Department of Climate Change, Energy, the Environment and Water of the Government of Australia. By May 12, 2021, the Australian Faunal Directory has collected information about 126,442 species and subspecies. [2] It includes the data from the discontinued Zoological Catalogue of Australia [3] and is regularly updated. [4] Started in the 1980s, it set a goal to compile a "list of all Australian fauna including terrestrial vertebrates, ants and marine fauna" and create an "Australian biotaxonomic information system". [5] This important electronic key and educative package enables faster and orderly identification of Australian centipede species.

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Fauna of Australia</span> Native animals of Australia

The fauna of Australia consists of a large variety of animals; some 46% of birds, 69% of mammals, 94% of amphibians, and 93% of reptiles that inhabit the continent are endemic to it. This high level of endemism can be attributed to the continent's long geographic isolation, tectonic stability, and the effects of a unique pattern of climate change on the soil and flora over geological time. A unique feature of Australia's fauna is the relative scarcity of native placental mammals. Consequently, the marsupials – a group of mammals that raise their young in a pouch, including the macropods, possums and dasyuromorphs – occupy many of the ecological niches placental animals occupy elsewhere in the world. Australia is home to two of the five known extant species of monotremes and has numerous venomous species, which include the platypus, spiders, scorpions, octopus, jellyfish, molluscs, stonefish, and stingrays. Uniquely, Australia has more venomous than non-venomous species of snakes.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Numbat</span> Species of Australian marsupial

The numbat, also known as the noombat or walpurti, is an insectivorous marsupial. It is diurnal and its diet consists almost exclusively of termites.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Beecroft Peninsula</span>

Beecroft Peninsula is the northern headland of Jervis Bay, on Australia's east coast. On the western and southern sides of the peninsula steep sandstone cliffs rise out of the ocean, up to 91 metres at its southernmost point, Point Perpendicular. White sandy beaches are found along the northern, eastern and southern sides interspersed with numerous intertidal reefs.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Sand goanna</span> Species of lizard

The sand goanna, also known commonly as Gould's monitor, the racehorse goanna, and the sand monitor, is a species of large Australian monitor lizard in the family Varanidae.

Australian Biological Resources Study (ABRS) is a project undertaken by the Parks Australia Division of Australia's Department of Climate Change, Energy, the Environment and Water.

<i>Chromolaena odorata</i> Species of flowering plant

Chromolaena odorata is a tropical and subtropical species of flowering shrub in the family Asteraceae. It is native to the Americas, from Florida and Texas in the United States south through Mexico and the Caribbean to South America. It has been introduced to tropical Asia, West Africa, and parts of Australia.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Far Eastern curlew</span> Species of bird

The Far Eastern curlew is a large shorebird most similar in appearance to the long-billed curlew, but slightly larger. It is mostly brown in color, differentiated from other curlews by its plain, unpatterned brown underwing. It is not only the largest curlew but probably the world's largest sandpiper, at 60–66 cm (24–26 in) in length and 110 cm (43 in) across the wings. The body is reportedly 565–1,150 g (1.246–2.535 lb), which may be equaled by the Eurasian curlew. The extremely long bill, at 12.8–20.1 cm (5.0–7.9 in) in length, rivals the bill size of the closely related long-billed curlew as the longest bill for a sandpiper.

<i>Threatened Species Protection Act 1995</i> Act of the Parliament of Tasmania, Australia

The Threatened Species Protection Act 1995, is an act of the Parliament of Tasmania that provides the statute relating to conservation of flora and fauna. Its long title is An Act to provide for the protection and management of threatened native flora and fauna and to enable and promote the conservation of native flora and fauna. It received the royal assent on 14 November 1995.

The Geelong Field Naturalists Club (GFNC) is an Australian regional amateur scientific natural history and conservation society which was originally founded in the 1890s and re-established in 1961 in its present form. It is based in Geelong, Victoria, with the aims of preserving and protecting native flora and fauna, promoting the conservation of natural resources and the protection of endangered species and habitats, and recording information and knowledge about the flora and fauna of the Geelong region.

<i>Beddomeia fultoni</i> Species of gastropod

Beddomeia fultoni(B. fultoni) is a species of small freshwater snail belonging to the family Tateidae.

Setomedea is a genus of small air-breathing land snails, terrestrial pulmonate gastropod mollusks in the family Charopidae.

Bentosites macleayi is a species of air-breathing land snails, terrestrial pulmonate gastropod mollusc in the family Camaenidae.

<i>Temporena whartoni</i> Species of gastropod

Temporena whartoni, common name the Holbourne Island banded snail, is a species of air-breathing land snails, terrestrial pulmonate gastropod mollusks in the family Camaenidae.

The Australian Plant Name Index (APNI) is an online database of all published names of Australian vascular plants. It covers all names, whether current names, synonyms or invalid names. It includes bibliographic and typification details, information from the Australian Plant Census including distribution by state, links to other resources such as specimen collection maps and plant photographs, and the facility for notes and comments on other aspects.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Norfolk pigeon</span> Extinct subspecies of bird

The Norfolk pigeon or Norfolk Island pigeon, sometimes called the wood quest, is an extinct subspecies of the New Zealand pigeon (kererū) that inhabited Norfolk Island. This population probably colonised Norfolk Island from New Zealand during the Pleistocene. It became extinct around the turn of the 20th century.

A taxonomic database is a database created to hold information on biological taxa – for example groups of organisms organized by species name or other taxonomic identifier – for efficient data management and information retrieval. Taxonomic databases are routinely used for the automated construction of biological checklists such as floras and faunas, both for print publication and online; to underpin the operation of web-based species information systems; as a part of biological collection management ; as well as providing, in some cases, the taxon management component of broader science or biology information systems. They are also a fundamental contribution to the discipline of biodiversity informatics.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Charcoal Tank Nature Reserve</span> Protected area in New South Wales, Australia

The Charcoal Tank Nature Reserve is a protected nature reserve in the central western region of New South Wales, Australia. The 86.4-hectare (213-acre) reserve is situated 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) south of West Wyalong and may be accessed via the Newell Highway and The Charcoal Tank Road. The reserve is an important refuge for native flora and fauna in a highly fragmented landscape, one in which the majority of the original vegetation has been removed.

The Norfolk Marine Park is an Australian marine park located in the waters immediately offshore of Norfolk Island, an external territory of Australia. The marine park extends 700 km (430 mi) in a north–south direction and covers an area of 188,444 km2 (72,759 sq mi). The park is assigned IUCN category IV and is one of 8 parks managed under the Temperate East Marine Parks Network.

Australian online fauna & flora databases: Both the Commonwealth of Australia and its various states maintain a number of online databases which encompass both native and naturalised fauna and flora. Some are taxonomic. Some are descriptive. Some are both. Some indicate threatened or nuisance species. The list below is incomplete.

Phyllis Jane Fromont is a New Zealand and Australian scientist specialising in sponges.


  1. "Australian Faunal Directory". BugGuide . Retrieved 6 January 2012.
  2. 1 2 "Australian Faunal Directory". 13 May 2021. Retrieved 13 May 2021.
  3. Davie, P. J. F., A. Wells, and W. W. K. Houston. Zoological Catalogue of Australia. 19.3B, 19.3B. Collingwood, Vic: CSIRO, 2002, p. XIII.
  4. Australian Biological Resources Study, and Australia. Australian Faunal Directory. Canberra, ACT: Dept. of the Environment and Heritage, 2000.
  5. Commonwealth Record, Volume 5, Issues 26–34, p. 1282. Australian Government Publishing Service, 1980.