Battle of Wilhelmsthal

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Battle of Wilhelmsthal
Part of the Seven Years' War
Ubersichtskarte Feldzug des Herzogs von Braunschweig-Luneburg 1762.jpg
General map of Duke Ferdinand of Brunswicks campaigns in 1762, Berlin 1872
Date24 June 1762
LocationCastle of Wilhelmsthal near Calden, Northwestern Germany
Result Allied victory
Belligerents
Union flag 1606 (Kings Colors).svg  Great Britain
Flag of Hanover (1692).svg  Hanover
Flag of the Kingdom of Prussia (1750-1801).svg  Prussia
Coat of arms of Hesse.svg Hesse-Kassel
Royal Standard of the King of France.svg  France
Commanders and leaders
Flag of Hanover (1692).svg Duke Ferdinand of Brunswick Royal Standard of the King of France.svg Prince de Soubise
Royal Standard of the King of France.svg Duc d'Estrées
Strength
50,000 70,000
Casualties and losses
796
208 killed
273 wounded
315 captured [1]
3,600
900 killed or wounded
2,702 captured

The Battle of Wilhelmsthal (sometimes written as the Battle of Wilhelmstadt) was fought on 24 June 1762 during the Seven Years' War between on one side the allied forces of British, Prussian, Hanover, Brunswick and Hessian troops under the command of the Duke of Brunswick against the French. Once again, the French threatened Hanover, so the Allies manoeuvered around the French, surrounded the invasion force, and forced them to retreat. It was the last major action fought by Brunswick's force before the Peace of Paris brought an end to the war.

Seven Years War Global conflict between 1756 and 1763

The Seven Years' War was a global conflict fought between 1756 and 1763. It involved every European great power of the time and spanned five continents, affecting Europe, the Americas, West Africa, India, and the Philippines. The conflict split Europe into two coalitions, led by the Kingdom of Great Britain on one side and the Kingdom of France, the Russian Empire, the Kingdom of Spain, and the Swedish Empire on the other. Meanwhile, in India, some regional polities within the increasingly fragmented Mughal Empire, with the support of the French, tried to crush a British attempt to conquer Bengal. The war's extent has led some historians to describe it as "World War Zero", similar in scale to other world wars.

Contents

Background

France had made a number of attempts to invade and overrun Hanover since 1757, hoping to occupy the Electorate and use it as a bargaining counter to exchange for the return of French colonies captured by the British. The Allied army under the Duke of Brunswick had prevented them from taking Hanover - and by 1762, aware that the war was likely to draw to a close, the French had decided on a final thrust to try to defeat Brunswick and occupy Hanover.

The battle

Ferdinand had advanced and outflanked the French on both flanks, nearly encircling them. An attack on the French center held by Stainville's command was particularly effective, with one column engaging his front, another striking his rear, inflicting some 900 casualties [2] and forcing 2,700 to surrender. [3]

Aftermath

The result is viewed as victory for the Allied forces. It ended the last French hopes of overrunning and occupying Hanover before the armistice that ended the war, and the Treaty of Paris. The Anglo-German forces advanced and captured Cassel in November, but by then the preliminaries of peace had been signed.

Hanover Place in Lower Saxony, Germany

Hanover or Hannover is the capital and largest city of the German state of Lower Saxony. Its 535,061 (2017) inhabitants make it the thirteenth-largest city of Germany, as well as the third-largest city of Northern Germany after Hamburg and Bremen. The city lies at the confluence of the River Leine and its tributary Ihme, in the south of the North German Plain, and is the largest city of the Hannover–Braunschweig–Göttingen–Wolfsburg Metropolitan Region. It is the fifth-largest city in the Low German dialect area after Hamburg, Dortmund, Essen, and Bremen.

Treaty of Paris (1763) 1763 treaty that ended the Seven Years War

The Treaty of Paris, also known as the Treaty of 1763, was signed on 10 February 1763 by the kingdoms of Great Britain, France and Spain, with Portugal in agreement, after Great Britain's victory over France and Spain during the Seven Years' War.

See also

Footnotes

  1. Savory, Reginald, His Britannic Majesty's Army in Germany During the Seven Years War, Oxford University Press, 1966, p.375.
  2. Savory, Reginald, His Britannic Majesty's Army in Germany During the Seven Years War, Oxford University Press, 1966, p.373.
  3. Clodfelter 2017, p. 82.

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References

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Coordinates: 51°25′00″N9°24′00″E / 51.4167°N 9.4000°E / 51.4167; 9.4000

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