BirdLife International

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BirdLife International
MottoPartnership for Nature and People
Headquarters Cambridge, United Kingdom
Region served
Africa, Americas, Asia, Europe and Central Asia, Pacific, Arctics
Braulio Ferreira de Souza Dias
Chief executive
Patricia Zurita
Formerly called
International Council for Bird Preservation

BirdLife International (formerly the International Council for Bird Preservation) is a global partnership of conservation organisations that strives to conserve birds, their habitats, and global biodiversity, working with people towards sustainability in the use of natural resources. It is the world's largest partnership of conservation organisations, with over 120 partner organisations. [1]


It has a membership of more than 2.5 million people and partner organizations in more than 100 countries. Major partners include Royal Society for the Protection of Birds, the Wild Bird Society of Japan, and the U.S. National Audubon Society. The group's headquarters are located in Cambridge, UK.

BirdLife International's priorities include preventing extinction of bird species, identifying and safeguarding important sites for birds, maintaining and restoring key bird habitats, and empowering conservationists worldwide. Guided by a global council, member organizations implement the group's strategies on local, regional, and national levels.

BirdLife International has identified 7,500 important bird areas and manages more than 2,500,000 million acres (1,000,000 hectares) of wildlife habitat. As the official listing authority for birds for the World Conservation Union’s Red List of threatened species, BirdLife International has identified more than 1,000 bird species threatened with extinction and has developed conservation strategies for each of them. [2]


A warden with a ICBP mark on his uniform on La Digue, Seychelles in the 1970s ICBP warden La Digue Seychelles 1970s.jpg
A warden with a ICBP mark on his uniform on La Digue, Seychelles in the 1970s

BirdLife International is a worldwide alliance of nongovernmental organizations that promotes the conservation of birds and their habitats. BirdLife International was founded in 1922 as the International Council for Bird Preservation by American ornithologists T. Gilbert Pearson and Jean Theodore Delacour under the name International Committee for Bird Protection. The group was renamed International Committee for Bird Preservation in 1928, International Council for Bird Preservation in 1960, and "BirdLife International" in 1993. [3]

Regional work

BirdLife International has conservation work programmes in the following parts of the world, which it describes as "regions" [4] —Africa, [5] the Americas, [6] Asia, [7] Europe and Central Asia, [8] the Middle East [9] and the Pacific. [10]

Member organisations

There are about 120 regional partners of BirdLife International, including: [11]

Global programmes

Within each of these regions, BirdLife has nine programmes – some are well established, others are more recent and responding to specific conservation issues. In addition to the regional programmes, there are "global" programmes, not specific to a region. Together these programmes help the partnership to focus and work on common priorities. They provide the framework for planning, implementing, monitoring and evaluating conservation work. BirdLife programmes are:


BirdLife International publishes a quarterly magazine, BirdLife – The Magazine , which contains recent news and authoritative articles about birds, their habitats, and their conservation around the world. [20]

Red List

BirdLife International is the official Red List authority for birds, for the International Union for Conservation of Nature. As of 2015, BirdLife has established that 1,375 bird species (13% of the total) are threatened with extinction (in the categories of critically endangered, endangered or vulnerable). [21]

Related Research Articles

Conservation (ethic) ethic of resource use, allocation, and protection

Conservation's goals include protecting species from extinction, maintaining and restoring habitats, enhancing ecosystem services and protecting biological diversity. A range of values underlie conservation, which can be guided by biocentrism, anthropocentrism, ecocentrism and sentientism. There has recently been a movement towards evidence-based conservation which calls for greater use of scientific evidence to improve the effectiveness of consecration efforts.

This is an index of conservation topics. It is an alphabetical index of articles relating to conservation biology and conservation of the natural environment.

Conservation biology the study of threats to biological diversity

Conservation biology is the management of nature and of Earth's biodiversity with the aim of protecting species, their habitats, and ecosystems from excessive rates of extinction and the erosion of biotic interactions. It is an interdisciplinary subject drawing on natural and social sciences, and the practice of natural resource management.

Habitat conservation

Habitat conservation is a management practice that seeks to conserve, protect and restore habitats and prevent species extinction, fragmentation or reduction in range. It is a priority of many groups that cannot be easily characterized in terms of any one ideology.

National Audubon Society non-profit organisation in the USA

The National Audubon Society (Audubon) is a non-profit environmental organization dedicated to conservation. Located in the United States and incorporated in 1905, Audubon is one of the oldest of such organizations in the world and uses science, education and grassroots advocacy to advance its conservation mission. It is named in honor of John James Audubon, a Franco-American ornithologist and naturalist who painted, cataloged, and described the birds of North America in his famous book Birds of America published in sections between 1827 and 1838.

A biodiversity hotspot is a biogeographic region with significant levels of biodiversity that is threatened by human habitation.

Important Bird Area area recognized as being globally important habitat for the conservation of birds populations

An Important Bird and Biodiversity Area (IBA) is an area identified using an internationally agreed set of criteria as being globally important for the conservation of bird populations.

Conservation in New Zealand

Conservation in New Zealand has a history associated with both Māori and Europeans. Both groups of people caused a loss of species and both altered their behaviour to a degree after realising their effect on indigenous flora and fauna.

Conservation in Belize

Since declaring independence in 1981, Belize has enacted many environmental protection laws aimed at the preservation of the country's natural and cultural heritage, as well as its wealth of natural resources. These acts have established a number of different types of protected areas, with each category having its own set of regulations dictating public access, resource extraction, land use and ownership.

Global biodiversity

Global biodiversity is the measure of biodiversity on planet Earth and is defined as the total variability of life forms. More than 99 percent of all species that ever lived on Earth are estimated to be extinct. Estimates on the number of Earth's current species range from 2 million to 1012, of which about 1.74 million have been databased thus far and over 80 percent have not yet been described. More recently, in May 2016, scientists reported that 1 trillion species are estimated to be on Earth currently with only one-thousandth of one percent described. The total amount of DNA base pairs on Earth, as a possible approximation of global biodiversity, is estimated at 5.0 x 1037, and weighs 50 billion tonnes. In comparison, the total mass of the biosphere has been estimated to be as much as 4 TtC (trillion tons of carbon).

Central Asian Flyway organization

The Central Asian Flyway (CAF), Central Asian-Indian Flyway, or Central Asian-South Asian Flyway is a flyway covering a large continental area of Eurasia between the Arctic Ocean and the Indian Ocean and the associated island chains. The CAF comprises several important migration routes of waterbirds, most of which extend from the northernmost breeding grounds in Siberia to the southernmost non-breeding wintering grounds in West Asia, India, the Maldives and the British Indian Ocean Territory.

Outline of birds Overview of and topical guide to birds

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to birds:

BirdLife Cyprus (BLC) is an environmental non-governmental organisation dedicated to the conservation of birds and their habitats on the island of Cyprus in the eastern Mediterranean, for which it is the BirdLife International partner organisation. The emblem of BLC is the Cyprus wheatear which is an endemic species.

Important Plant Areas (IPA) is a programme set up in the UK, by the organisation Plantlife, to provide a framework for identifying and maintaining the richest sites for plant life, possibly within existing protected areas; though the protection of the IPA itself is not legally enforced. The term plant life in this case refers to any number of species, encompassing algae, fungi, lichens, liverworts, mosses, and wild vascular plants. IPAs are selected with the intention of focusing on the conservation of the important wild plant populations in these areas, and act as a subset in the broader context of Key Biodiversity Areas. Designating an IPA is intended to gain awareness and encourage long-term conservation through an 'ecosystem-based' approach.

Frankfurt Zoological Society voluntary association

Frankfurt Zoological Society (FZS) is an international conservation organisation founded in 1858 with headquarters in Frankfurt am Main, Germany. FZS focuses on maintaining biodiversity and conserving wildlife and ecosystems in protected areas and outstanding wild places. FZS leads and supports about 30 projects in 18 countries. Bernhard Grzimek, renowned German zoo director, zoologist, book author, editor, and animal conservationist in postwar West-Germany, served as president of the Frankfurt Zoological Society for over forty years.

Siberian Crane Memorandum of Understanding

The Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) Concerning Conservation Measures for the Siberian Crane is a Multilateral Environmental Memorandum of Understanding and came into effect on 1 July 1993 and was amended in January 1999. It was the first MoU to be concluded under the auspices of the Convention on Migratory Species of Wild Animals (CMS), also known as the Bonn Convention, and focuses on conserving the Siberian crane as one of the three rarest crane species. The MoU covers twelve range states. As of August 2012, eleven range states have signed the MoU.

Island Conservation

Island Conservation is a non-profit organization with the mission to prevent extinctions by removing invasive species from islands. Island Conservation has therefore focused its efforts on islands with species categorized as Critically Endangered and Endangered on the IUCN's Red List. Working in partnership with local communities, government management agencies, and conservation organizations, Island Conservation develops plans for, and implements the removal of, invasive alien species, and conducts field research to document the benefits of the work and to inform future projects.

The Audubon Society of Haiti is a non-governmental, non-profit environmental organization dedicated to the conservation and restoration of Haiti’s biodiversity and natural ecosystems. Through the organization’s strides toward conservation of the environment, they are also working towards improving the quality of life for the Haitian people. Their activities include scientific research, education, outreach, and establishing local and international partnerships. The organization was founded in July 2003 by Philippe Bayard, Jacky Lumarque and Florence Sergile. It was named in honor of John James Audubon, an ornithologist, naturalist and native of Les Cayes, who painted, cataloged, and described birds of North America in the famous elephant folio book Birds of America.

China Biodiversity Conservation and Green Development Foundation

The China Biodiversity Conservation and Green Development Foundation (CBCGDF) is a proactive environmental non-governmental organization and a social legal entity which works to protect the environment, preserve natural resources and biodiversity in China and all around the globe.


  1. "BirdLife Partners". BirdLife International. Retrieved 30 August 2015.
  2. "Red List Authority for birds".
  3. "Our History". BirdLife International. Retrieved 30 August 2015.
  4. "Regions". BirdLife International. Retrieved 30 August 2015.
  5. "Africa". BirdLife International. Retrieved 30 August 2015.
  6. "Americas". BirdLife International. Retrieved 30 August 2015.
  7. "Asia". BirdLife International. Retrieved 30 August 2015.
  8. "Europe and Central Asia". BirdLife International. Retrieved 30 August 2015.
  9. "Middle East". BirdLife International. Retrieved 30 August 2015.
  10. "Pacific". BirdLife International. Retrieved 30 August 2015.
  11. BirdLife Partners, BirdLife International (page visited on 16 August 2016).
  12. "Marine". BirdLife International. Retrieved 30 August 2015.
  13. "Preventing Extinctions". BirdLife International. Retrieved 30 August 2015.
  14. "Migratory Birds and Flyways". BirdLife International. Retrieved 30 August 2015.
  15. "Climate Change". BirdLife International. Retrieved 30 August 2015.
  16. "Forests of Hope". BirdLife International. Retrieved 30 August 2015.
  17. "Local Empowerment". BirdLife International. Retrieved 30 August 2015.
  18. "Invasive Alien Species". BirdLife International. Retrieved 30 August 2015.
  19. "Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBAs)". BirdLife International. Retrieved 30 August 2015.
  20. "BirdLife's World Bird Club". BirdLife International. Retrieved 30 August 2015.
  21. "Birds". 19 January 2016.