Castle Rising (UK Parliament constituency)

Last updated

Castle Rising
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
1558–1832
Number of membersTwo

Castle Rising was a parliamentary borough in Norfolk, which elected two Members of Parliament (MPs) to the House of Commons from 1558 until 1832, when it was abolished by the Great Reform Act. Its famous members of Parliament included the future Prime Minister Robert Walpole and the diarist Samuel Pepys.

Contents

History

The borough extended over four parishes - Castle Rising, Roydon, North Wootton and South Wootton, in rural Norfolk to the north-east of King's Lynn. Castle Rising had once been a market town and seaport, but long before the Reform Act had declined to little more than a village. In 1831, the population of the borough was 888, and contained 169 houses.

Castle Rising was a burgage borough, meaning that the right to vote was vested in the owners of particular properties ("burgage tenements"), and that consequently the absolute right to nominate both the MPs could be bought and sold. Although it was possible for the landowner to create multiple voters by giving a reliable nominee notional ownership of the tenements - as was done in many other burgage boroughs - in Castle Rising the number of voters was kept as low as possible, and contested elections were almost unknown.

The Lord of the Manor invariably owned a majority of the burgage tenements, though other influential local families were generally allowed to select the second MP. In the seventeenth century the Duke of Norfolk was the dominant interest: it was the Norfolk interest which enabled Samuel Pepys to gain the seat in 1673. At the start of the 18th century, the borough belonged to the Walpole family, and Sir Robert Walpole (Britain's first Prime Minister) began his parliamentary career here. Later in the century the Walpoles still nominated one MP, and the Earl of Suffolk the other. By 1816 the patronage had passed to the Earl of Cholmondeley and Richard Howard.

Castle Rising was abolished as a constituency by the Reform Act of 1832.

Members of Parliament

1558-1640

YearFirst memberSecond member
1558 Sir John Radcliffe Sir Nicholas L'Estrange [1]
1559 Thomas Steyning Sir Nicholas L'Estrange [2]
1562–3 Sir Nicholas L'Estrange Francis Carew [2]
1571 Sir Nicholas L'Estrange George Dacres [2]
1572 Nicholas Mynn Edward Flowerdew, sick and replaced Jan 1581 by Sir William Drury [2]
1584 Michael Stanhope Richard Drake [2]
1586 Philip Woodhouse Thomas Norris [2]
1588 Bartholomew Kemp Richard Stubbe [2]
1593 John Townshend Henry Spelman [2]
1597 Thomas Guybon Henry Spelman [2]
1601 John Peyton Robert Townshend [2]
1604–1611 Thomas Monson Sir Robert Townshend
1614 Sir Robert Wynd Thomas Binge
1621–1622 Robert Spiller John Wilson
1624 Sir Robert Spiller Sir Thomas Bancroft
1625 Sir Hamon le Strange Sir Thomas Bancroft
1626 Sir Hamon le Strange Sir Thomas Bancroft
1628 Sir Robert Cotton Sir Thomas Bancroft
1629–1640No Parliaments summoned

1640-1832

YearFirst memberFirst partySecond memberSecond party
April 1640 Nicholas Harman Thomas Talbot
November 1640 Sir Christopher Hatton [3] Royalist Sir John Holland Parliamentarian
1641 Sir Robert Hatton Royalist
September 1642Hatton disabled from sitting - seat vacant
1645 John Spelman
December 1648Spelman and Holland excluded in Pride's Purge - both seats vacant
1653Castle Rising was unrepresented in the Barebones Parliament and the First and Second Parliaments of the Protectorate
January 1659 John Fielder Gaybon Goddard
May 1659 Not represented in the restored Rump
April 1660 John Spelman Sir John Holland Parliamentarian
1661 Sir Robert Paston Robert Steward
February 1673 Sir John Trevor Tory
November 1673 Samuel Pepys Tory
1679 Sir Robert Howard Whig James Hoste
1685 Sir Nicholas L'Estrange Thomas Howard
1689 Sir Robert Howard Whig Robert Walpole Whig
1698 Thomas Howard Whig
January 1701 Robert Walpole Whig
April 1701 Robert Cecil
December 1701 The Earl of Ranelagh
February 1702 Marquess of Hartington Whig
July 1702 Sir Thomas Littleton Whig Horatio Walpole, senior Tory
May 1705 Sir Robert Clayton Whig
November 1705 William Feilding
October 1710 Robert Walpole [4] Whig
December 1710 Horatio Walpole, senior Tory
1713 Horatio Walpole, junior Whig
1715 Lieutenant-General Charles Churchill Whig
1724 The Earl of Mountrath
1734 Thomas Hanmer
1737 Viscount Andover
1745 Richard Rigby Whig
1747 Robert Knight, 1st Baron Luxborough Whig Hon. Thomas Howard
1754 Hon. Horace Walpole Whig
1757 Charles Boone
1768 Thomas Whately Whig Jenison Shafto
1771 Crisp Molineux
1772 Lord Guernsey
1774 Alexander Wedderburn [5] Robert Mackreth
1775 Hon. Charles Finch
1777 John Chetwynd Talbot
1782 Major Sir James Erskine
1784 Charles Boone Walter Sneyd
1790 Henry Drummond
1794 Charles Bagot-Chester
1796 Horatio Churchill
1802 Peter Isaac Thellusson
1806 Richard Sharp
1807 Charles Bagot
1808 Fulk Greville Howard Tory
1812 Augustus Cavendish-Bradshaw Tory
1817 Earl of Rocksavage Tory
1822 Lord William Cholmondeley Tory
1832 Constituency abolished

Notes

  1. "History of Parliament" . Retrieved 11 October 2011.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 "History of Parliament" . Retrieved 11 October 2011.
  3. Hatton was also elected for Higham Ferrers, which he chose to represent, and never sat for Castle Rising
  4. Walpole was also elected for King's Lynn, which he chose to represent, and did not sit again for Castle Rising
  5. Wedderburn was also elected for Okehampton, which he chose to represent, and never sat for Castle Rising

Related Research Articles

Newtown was a parliamentary borough located in Newtown on the Isle of Wight, which was represented in the House of Commons of England until 1707, then in the House of Commons of Great Britain from 1707 to 1800, and finally in the House of Commons of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 1832. It was represented by two members of parliament (MPs), elected by the bloc vote system.

Old Sarum (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1801-1832

Old Sarum was from 1295 to 1832 a parliamentary constituency of England, of Great Britain, and finally of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. It was a so-called rotten borough, with an extremely small electorate that was consequently vastly over-represented and could be used by a patron to gain undue influence. The constituency was on the site of what had been the original settlement of Salisbury, known as Old Sarum. The population and cathedral city had moved in the 14th century to New Sarum, at the foot of the Old Sarum hill. The constituency was abolished under the Reform Act 1832.

Newport was a rotten borough situated in Cornwall. It is now the suburb of Newport within the town of Launceston, which was itself also a parliamentary borough at the same period. It is also referred to as Newport Iuxta Launceston, to distinguish it from other constituencies named Newport.

Pontefract was an English parliamentary constituency centred on the town of Pontefract in the West Riding of Yorkshire, which returned two Members of Parliament to the House of Commons briefly in the 13th century and again from 1621 until 1885, and one member from 1885 to 1974.

Boroughbridge was a parliamentary borough in Yorkshire from 1553 until 1832, when it was abolished under the Great Reform Act. Throughout its existence it was represented by two Members of Parliament in the House of Commons.

Appleby was a parliamentary constituency in the county of Westmorland in England. It existed for two separate periods: from 1295 to 1832, and from 1885 to 1918.

Knaresborough was a parliamentary constituency which returned two Members of Parliament (MPs) to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom until 1868, and then one MP until its abolition in 1885.

Midhurst was a parliamentary borough in Sussex, which elected two Members of Parliament (MPs) to the House of Commons from 1311 until 1832, and then one member from 1832 until 1885, when the constituency was abolished. Before the Great Reform Act of 1832, it was one of the most notorious of England's rotten boroughs.

Bere Alston or Beeralston was a parliamentary borough in Devon, which elected two Members of Parliament (MPs) to the House of Commons from 1584 until 1832, when the constituency was abolished by the Great Reform Act as a rotten borough.

Bletchingley was a parliamentary borough in Surrey. It returned two Members of Parliament (MPs) to the House of Commons of England from 1295 to 1707, to the House of Commons of Great Britain from 1707 to 1800, and to the House of Commons of the United Kingdom until 1832, when the constituency was abolished by the Great Reform Act.

Bramber was a parliamentary borough in Sussex, one of the most notorious of all the rotten boroughs. It elected two Members of Parliament (MPs) to the House of Commons in 1295, and again from 1472 until 1832, when the constituency was abolished by the Great Reform Act.

Downton was a parliamentary borough in Wiltshire, which elected two Members of Parliament (MPs) to the House of Commons from 1295 until 1832, when it was abolished by the Great Reform Act.

Wareham was a parliamentary borough in Dorset, which elected two Members of Parliament (MPs) to the House of Commons from 1302 until 1832, and then one member from 1832 until 1885, when the borough was abolished.

Steyning was a parliamentary borough in Sussex, England, which elected two Members of Parliament (MPs) to the House of Commons sporadically from 1298 and continuously from 1467 until 1832. It was a notorious rotten borough, and was abolished by the Great Reform Act.

Wootton Bassett was a parliamentary borough in Wiltshire, which elected two Members of Parliament (MPs) to the House of Commons from 1447 until 1832, when the rotten borough was abolished by the Great Reform Act.

Whitchurch was a parliamentary borough in the English County of Hampshire, which elected two Members of Parliament (MPs) to the House of Commons from 1586 until 1832, when the borough was abolished by the Great Reform Act.

Heytesbury was a parliamentary borough in Wiltshire which elected two Members of Parliament. From 1449 until 1707 it was represented in the House of Commons of England, and then in the British House of Commons until 1832, when the borough was abolished by the Reform Act 1832.

Higham Ferrers was a parliamentary borough in Northamptonshire, which was represented in the House of Commons from 1558 until 1832, when it was abolished by the Great Reform Act. It was one of the very small number of English boroughs in that period which was entitled to elect only one rather than two Members of Parliament.

Winchelsea was a parliamentary constituency in Sussex, which elected two Members of Parliament (MPs) to the House of Commons from 1366 until 1832, when it was abolished by the Great Reform Act.

Norfolk was a County constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of England then of the Parliament of Great Britain from 1707 to 1800 and of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 1832. It was represented by two Members of Parliament. In 1832 the county was divided for parliamentary purposes into two new two member divisions – East Norfolk and West Norfolk.

References