Chinese Arctic and Antarctic Administration

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Chinese Arctic and Antarctic Administration
国家海洋局极地考察办公室
Guójiā hǎiyáng jú jídì kǎochá bàngōngshì
Chinese Arctic and Antarctic Administration.jpg
AbbreviationCAA
Formation1981
PurposeOrganizes, coordinates and supervises China's polar program [1]
HeadquartersNo.1 Fuxingmenwai Ave. 10086, Beijing, China
Director
Qu Tanzhou
Parent organization
State Oceanic Administration
Affiliations International Arctic Research Center;
International Arctic Science Committee
Website www.chinare.gov.cn/en

The Chinese Arctic and Antarctic Administration (CAA) (previously the Chinese Antarctic Administration of the State Antarctic Research Committee) [2] is a Beijing-based agency of the People's Republic of China's State Oceanic Administration (SOA). Established in 1981, it organizes China's scientific program for both the Arctic and Antarctic, and it provides logistic support to Antarctic expeditions. There are several; divisions, including General Affairs, Operation & Logistics, Science Programs, International Cooperation, representation in the Chinese Embassy in Chile, and a Winter Training Base. [1] The director is Qu Tanzhou. [3]

Beijing Municipality in Peoples Republic of China

Beijing, formerly romanized as Peking, is the capital of the People's Republic of China, the world's third most populous city proper, and most populous capital city. The city, located in northern China, is governed as a municipality under the direct administration of central government with 16 urban, suburban, and rural districts. Beijing Municipality is surrounded by Hebei Province with the exception of neighboring Tianjin Municipality to the southeast; together the three divisions form the Jingjinji metropolitan region and the national capital region of China.

State Oceanic Administration

The State Oceanic Administration was an administrative agency subordinate to the Ministry of Land and Resources, responsible for the supervision and management of sea area in the People's Republic of China and coastal environmental protection, protecting national maritime rights and organizing scientific and technical research of its territorial waters. In March 2018, the 13th National People’s Congress announced that the newly formed Ministry of Natural Resources will replace the functions of the Ministry of Land & Resources, State Oceanic Administration and the State Bureau of Surveying and Mapping.

Arctic polar region on the Earths northern hemisphere

The Arctic is a polar region located at the northernmost part of Earth. The Arctic consists of the Arctic Ocean, adjacent seas, and parts of Alaska, Finland, Greenland (Denmark), Iceland, Northern Canada, Norway, Russia and Sweden. Land within the Arctic region has seasonally varying snow and ice cover, with predominantly treeless permafrost -containing tundra. Arctic seas contain seasonal sea ice in many places.

Contents

The CAA organizes, coordinates and supervises China's polar program. As such, its responsibilities include: developing an integrated national polar research strategy, developing policy to guide national polar research activities, developing a five-year plan which coordinates the national policy, updating the national polar plan on an annual basis, coordinating the annual national polar research expedition, promoting coordination of polar research programs with other agencies, and supporting polar research cooperation with other nations and international organizations. [4]

The CAA is affiliated with the International Arctic Research Center, [5] and the International Arctic Science Committee.

International Arctic Research Center

The International Arctic Research Center, or IARC, established in 1999, is a research institution focused on integrating and coordinating study of Climate change in the Arctic. The primary partners in IARC are Japan and the United States. Participants include organizations from Canada, China, Denmark, Germany, Japan, Norway, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States.

The International Arctic Science Committee (IASC) is a non-governmental organization which is composed of international science groups participating in arctic science research. IASC is an International Scientific Associate of ICSU, and was established in 1990. IASC's main aim is to initiate, develop, and coordinate leading edge scientific activity in the Arctic region, and on the role of the Arctic in the Earth system. It also provides objective and independent scientific advice to the Arctic Council and other organizations on issues of science affecting the management of the Arctic region. The decision-making organs of IASC are the Council and the Executive Committee. The day-to-day operations are supported by its secretariat headed by the executive secretary. IASC's geographical remit covers the Arctic Ocean and the surrounding landmasses.

Projects

A 2006 Shanghai Daily news report stated that Chinese scientists would begin naming 46 newly surveyed, anonymous Antarctic islands and that the CAA, with its teammate Sina.com, would collect candidate names. [6] From 2007 through 2009, the CAA organized a government sponsored research project to enhance its understanding of the legal, military and political issues associated with the Arctic. The agency also operates a winter training base at Yabuli Ski Resort in the northern province of Heilongjiang. [1]

Shanghai Daily is an English-language newspaper in China started in October 1999 and owned by Shanghai United Media Group. Its primary audience is expats living in Shanghai, visiting foreigners, mainly overseas investors and tourists to Shanghai, and local white-collar workers proficient in English. Many Chinese students also read it to improve their English. It is the only English-language newspaper that is published seven days a week in Mainland China.

Yabuli Ski Resort ski resort in China

Yabuli Ski Resort is the largest ski resort in China and includes the country's largest ski jumping facilities, located in the northeastern province of Heilongjiang. It is 110 mi (177 km) southeast from Harbin, approximately 2.5hrs by train. Yabuli hosted the 1996 Winter Asian Games, the 2008 National Winter Games and the 2009 Winter Universiade. Yabuli underwent major renovations in the 2008/2009 winter season. A new four seater Doppelmayr chairlift was installed, along with a six-seater gondola. Existing lifts consist of single chairlift, double chairlifts and poma's. Three new on-snow hotels/lodges are being constructed and should be open by mid-January 2009.

Heilongjiang Province

Heilongjiang is a province of the People's Republic of China. Located in the most northeastern part of the country, Heilongjiang is bordered by Jilin to the south and Inner Mongolia to the west. It also shares a border with Russia to the north and east. The capital and the largest city of the province is Harbin. Among Chinese provincial-level administrative divisions, Heilongjiang is the sixth-largest by total area and the 15th-most populous.

The International Polar Year 2007-2008 China Programme included a partnership between the International Polar Foundation, the CCA, and the Polar Research Institute of China. This included the participation of Jean de Pomereu, reporter and photographer, in the 25th CHINARE Expedition late in the year in 2008. He traveled aboard the Chinese icebreaker, Xuelong ("Snow Dragon"), then reported from China's east Antarctic research station, Antarctic Zhongshan Station. [7] The expedition team sent by the CAA was also entrusted with starting construction of the Antarctic Kunlun Station, China's third Antarctic station. [8]

International Polar Year

The International Polar Years (IPY) are collaborative, international efforts with intensive research foci on the polar regions. Karl Weyprecht, an Austro-Hungarian naval officer, motivated the endeavor in 1875, but died before it first occurred in 1882–1883. Fifty years later (1932–1933) a second IPY took place. The International Geophysical Year was inspired by the IPY and was organized 75 years after the first IPY (1957–58). The fourth, and most recent, IPY covered two full annual cycles from March 2007 to March 2009.

Based in Brussels, Belgium, the International Polar Foundation (IPF) communicates and educates on polar science and polar research as a way to understand key environmental and climate mechanisms. The foundation also promotes innovative and multifaceted responses to the complex challenges raised by the need for action on sustainable development, and designed, built and operates the first zero emission Antarctic scientific research station Princess Elisabeth Antarctica. The IPF was founded in 2002 by polar explorer Alain Hubert, Hugo Decleir and André Berger.

The Polar Research Institute of China (PRIC) is the main Chinese research institute for the study of the Earth's polar regions. It is based in Shanghai, China.

Xuelong, China's only polar research icebreaker was purchased in 1993 from Ukraine, and has made 24 research expeditions to the Antarctic and three to the Arctic. In 2009, the CAA began planning for a Chinese-built icebreaker due to China's expanding polar exploration activities. [9] The ship, named MV Xue Long 2, was laid down in 2016 and is expected to enter service in 2019. [10]

Ukraine Sovereign state in Eastern Europe

Ukraine, sometimes called the Ukraine, is a country in Eastern Europe. Excluding Crimea, Ukraine has a population of about 42.5 million, making it the 32nd most populous country in the world. Its capital and largest city is Kiev. Ukrainian is the official language and its alphabet is Cyrillic. The dominant religions in the country are Eastern Orthodoxy and Greek Catholicism. Ukraine is currently in a territorial dispute with Russia over the Crimean Peninsula, which Russia annexed in 2014. Including Crimea, Ukraine has an area of 603,628 km2 (233,062 sq mi), making it the largest country entirely within Europe and the 46th largest country in the world.

MV Xue Long 2 is a Chinese icebreaking research vessel that is under construction and scheduled to enter service in 2019. She follows the naming of MV Xue Long, China's first polar research vessel.

See also

Related Research Articles

International Geophysical Year science-cooperation year of 1957-1958

The International Geophysical Year was an international scientific project that lasted from July 1, 1957, to December 31, 1958. It marked the end of a long period during the Cold War when scientific interchange between East and West had been seriously interrupted. Sixty-seven countries participated in IGY projects, although one notable exception was the mainland People's Republic of China, which was protesting against the participation of the Republic of China (Taiwan). East and West agreed to nominate the Belgian Marcel Nicolet as secretary general of the associated international organization.

<i>Krasin</i> (1976 icebreaker)

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<i>Oden</i> (1988 icebreaker)

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Scott Polar Research Institute University Museum

The Scott Polar Research Institute (SPRI) is a centre for research into the polar regions and glaciology worldwide. It is a sub-department of the Department of Geography in the University of Cambridge, located on Lensfield Road in the south of Cambridge.

Research stations in Antarctica research station in Antarctica

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Soviet Antarctic Expedition

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Great Wall Station (Antarctica) Antarctic base in China

The Great Wall Station was the first Chinese research station in Antarctica and opened on 20 February 1985. It lies on the Fildes Peninsula on King George Island, and is about 2.5 kilometres (1.6 mi) from the Chilean Frei Montalva Station, and 960 kilometres (600 mi) from Cape Horn. The station is sited on ice-free rock, about 10 metres (33 ft) above sea level.

Yellow River Station (Arctic)

The Arctic Yellow River Station was established by the Polar Research Institute of China in Ny-Ålesund, on Svalbard, in 2003.

Qu Tanzhou is the director of the Chinese Arctic and Antarctic Administration.

Swedish Polar Research Secretariat Swedish administrative authority


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Arctic policy of Russia

The Arctic policy of Russia is the domestic and foreign policy of the Russian Federation with respect to the Russian region of the Arctic. The Russian region of the Arctic is defined in the "Russian Arctic Policy" as all Russian possessions located north of the Arctic Circle. Russia is one of five countries bordering the Arctic Ocean. In 2011, out of 4 million inhabitants of the Arctic, roughly 2 million lived in arctic Russia, making it the largest arctic country by population. However, in recent years Russia's Arctic population has been declining.

Chinare or CHINARE may refer to:

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References

  1. 1 2 3 "A Brief Introduction to CAA". chinare.gov.cn. Archived from the original on 7 March 2010. Retrieved 27 July 2010.
  2. "NSIDC Notes, Issue 33". National Snow and Ice Data Center. University of Colorado at Boulder. September 2000. Retrieved 27 July 2010.
  3. Qian, Wang (2010-05-06). "Arctic research set to be beefed up". China Daily . Retrieved 27 July 2010.
  4. Riffenburgh, Beau (2007). Encyclopedia of the Antarctic. 1. CRC Press. p. 226. ISBN   0-415-97024-5.
  5. "IARC International Collaborations, Partners, and Related Organizations". iarc.uaf.edu. Fairbanks: IARC, University of Alaska, Fairbanks. 2009-02-13. Archived from the original on 15 May 2008. Retrieved 27 July 2010.
  6. Einhorn, Bruce (2006-04-03). "China enters the Ice Age". Business Week . Retrieved 27 July 2010.
  7. "PANDA & Dome A station: 25th Chinese Antarctic Expedition". polarfoundation.org. Archived from the original on 22 December 2010. Retrieved 28 July 2010.
  8. Qiu, Jane (2009-01-06). "China builds inland Antarctic base". Nature News . Retrieved 28 July 2010.
  9. "China to boost Arctic research". barentsobserver.com. 2010-05-06. Retrieved 27 July 2010.
  10. "First Chinese-built polar icebreaker gets name". Xinhua. 10 October 2017. Retrieved 19 April 2018.