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The Club Alpino Italiano is the senior Italian alpine club which stages climbing competitions, operates alpine huts, marks and maintains paths, and is active in protecting the Alpine environment.
It was founded in Turin in 1863 by the then finance minister, and mountaineer, Quintino Sella; together with the Swiss Alpine Club, founded in the same year, it is the second oldest Alpine Club in the world, only preceded by the British Alpine Club. After First World War and the annexation of Trento and Trieste to Italy, it absorbed the "Società degli Alpinisti Tridentini" and the "Società Alpina delle Giulie". As of December 2018, it had 322,022 members, 507 sections and 309 sub-sections; the greatest numbers of members came from Lombardy (88,057), Veneto (54,948), and Piedmont (51,396).
Its most famous achievement is the 1954 Italian Karakoram expedition to K2 that made the first successful ascent of K2.
The CAI operates 433 mountain huts, 224 bivouacs and 106 smaller huts and shelters throughout the Italian Alps, for an overall capacity of over 23,500 beds.
Among many other publications the Club Alpino Italiano, along with Touring Club Italiano, published between 1908 and 2013 the Guida dei Monti d'Italia (in English Guidebook to the Italian mountains), a series of guidebooks covering all the mountain ranges of Italy.
Italian military troops adopted a grey-green uniform during World War I. Luigi Brioschi, president of the Milanese section of the C.A.I. (Italian Alpine Club) in 1905 introduced a combat uniform more suitable for a modern war, replacing the showy uniforms of the Royal Sardinian Army. Brioschi demonstrated that the grey uniforms were less visible by opponent snipers, therefore, the project was financed.
The Brenta Group or Brenta Dolomites is a mountain range, and a subrange of the Rhaetian Alps in the Southern Limestone Alps mountain group. They are located in the Province of Trentino, in northeastern Italy. It is the only dolomitic group west of the Adige River. Therefore, geographically, they have not always been considered a part of the Dolomites mountain ranges. Geologically, however, they definitely are - and therefore sometimes called the "Western Dolomites". As part of the Dolomites, the Brenta Group has been officially recognized as UNESCO World Heritage Site under the World Heritage Convention.
Giovanni Passerini was an Italian botanist and entomologist, born on June 16, 1816 in Pieve di Guastalla. He died on April 17, 1893 in Parma.
The Touring Club Italiano (TCI) is the major Italian national tourist organization.
Esperia alpine botanical garden is a 3-hectare alpine botanical garden located at an elevation of 1500 meters at the Passo del Lupo, some 4 km from Sestola, Province of Modena, Emilia-Romagna, Italy. It is operated by the Club Alpino Italiano (CAI), Modena section.
Ottorino Mezzalama was an Italian mountain climber, and is deemed to be one of the two pioneers of Italian ski mountaineering besides Luciano Roiti. He died in an avalanche accident in the Rochemolles Valley. The Ottorino Mezzalama Hut of the Club Alpino Italiano (CAI) below Pollux as well as the famous Mezzalama Trophy competition and the Mezzalama Skyrace were named in honor of him.
Luigi Fenaroli was an Italian botanist and agronomist.
SOIUSA is a proposal for a new classification system of the Alps from the geographic and toponomastic point of view. It was designed by Sergio Marazzi, Italian researcher and author of the Orographic Atlas of the Alps SOIUSA. His book was presented with the patronage of the Italian Alpine Club on 23 Jan 2006, but has yet to receive any formal acceptance.
Alpine club huts or simply club huts (Clubhütten) form the majority of the over 1,300 mountain huts in the Alps and are maintained by branches, or sections, of the various Alpine clubs. Although the usual English translation of Hütte is "hut", most of them are substantial buildings designed to accommodate and feed significant numbers of hikers and climbers and to withstand harsh high alpine conditions for decades.
The New Bamberg Hut lies at 1,756 m AMSL in the Kelchsau in the Kitzbühel Alps in Austria and is a mountain hut owned by the German Alpine Club's Bamberg Section.
The Western Rhaetian Alps are a mountain range in the central part of the Alps.
The Alpi Cusiane are a sub-range of the Pennine Alps located in Piemonte (Italy).
The Partizione delle Alpi is a classification of the mountain ranges of the Alps, that is primarily used in Italian literature, but also in France and Switzerland. It was devised in 1926.
Ohannés Gurekian was an Armenian architect, engineer, and alpinist.
Rifugio Sanremo is a refuge in the Ligurian Alps in Italy. Located at 2,054 m, is the highest mountain hut in Liguria.
Monte Armetta is a mountain in Piedmont, northern Italy, part of the Alps. At an altitude of 1,739 metres is the highest summit of the Ligurian Prealps.
Monte Tobbio is a 1092 metres high mountain of the Apennines, located in the Italian region of Piedmont.
The Società degli Alpinisti Tridentini (SAT) is an association operating in the Italian alpine province of Trento. It is the largest section of the Italian Alpine Club.
The Istituto Geografico Centrale is a privately owned Italian company based in Turin (Piedmont), known for its guide books and hiking maps mainly concerning the Western Alps and their contiguous areas.
Monte Mucrone is an Alpine mountain of Piedmont.
The Guida dei monti d'Italia is a series of guidebooks published in Italy by the Club Alpino Italiano (CAI) along with Touring Club Italiano (TCI) in two periods, the first from 1908 to 1932 and the second from 1934 to 2013.