The Colonial Bank of Australasia was a bank operating primarily in the Australian colony and then state of Victoria from 1856 to 1918.
It commenced operation on 14 April 1856, following its incorporation by the Parliament of Victoria through the Colonial Bank of Australasia Incorporation Act 1856.The board's first governor was John O'Shanassy, who would become Premier of Victoria the next year. The new bank had already won a lawsuit filed against it by the Bank of Australasia, which had alleged that the new bank had infringed upon its rights. It described itself as having been established on the "Scottish principle", with limited liability for shareholders related to having been incorporated by Parliament.
The bank's first headquarters were located in the former Imperial Hotel on the corner of Elizabeth Street and Little Collins Street, Melbourne. It was replaced with a grand new headquarters on the same site in 1880-82 to a design of the architectural firm Smith and Johnson, the new building opening in April 1882.
In 1893, the bank had 69 branches across the state of Victoria, and was represented interstate and overseas through agencies with a number of other banks.It was one of the banks to suspend payments during the banking crisis of 1893 later that year.
It was amalgamated into the National Bank of Australasia in 1918, taking effect from October that year.
The bank's former headquarters was demolished in 1932. The building's ornate doorway was saved during demolition after calls from the Royal Victorian Institute of Architects, dismantled and relocated to the University of Melbourne, first as the entry to their School of Physiology and then in 1973 as an entrance to a car park.Many other buildings constructed by the bank for their branches remain today, with the former Bendigo branch listed on the Victorian Heritage Register.
The Bank of New South Wales (BNSW), also known commonly as The Wales, was the first bank in Australia, being established in Sydney in 1817 and situated on Broadway. During the 19th century, the bank opened branches throughout Australia and New Zealand, expanding into Oceania in the 20th century. It merged with many other financial institutions, finally merging with the Commercial Bank of Australia in 1982 and being renamed to the Westpac Banking Corporation on 4 May that year under the Bank of New South Wales Act 1982.
Sir James McCulloch,, British colonial politician, was the fifth Premier of Victoria.
The 1893 banking crisis in the Australian colonies involved the collapse of a considerable number of commercial banks and building societies, and a general economic depression. It occurred at the same time as the US Panic of 1893 (1893–1897).
Australian non-residential architectural styles are a set of Australian architectural styles that apply to buildings used for purposes other than residence and have been around only since the first colonial government buildings of early European settlement of Australia in 1788.
The Bank of Australasia was an Australian bank in operation from 1835 to 1951.
HMVS Victoria was a 580-ton combined steam/sail sloop-of-war built in England in the 1850s for the colony of Victoria, Australia.
David Hastie "Bud" Adamson was an Australian rules footballer who played for South Melbourne in the Victorian Football League (VFL).
On 22 June 1883, the Geographical Society of Australasia started at a meeting in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. A branch was formed in Victoria in the same year. In July 1885, both the Queensland and the South Australian branches started.
Nicholas Fitzgerald was an Australian brewer, company director and politician. He was co-founder of the Castlemaine brewery in Melbourne, chairman of directors of the Castlemaine Brewery Company (Melbourne) and a member of the Victorian Legislative Council from 1864 until 1907.
The Federal Bank of Australia was established in Melbourne in 1881, and opened for business in April, 1882. Initially successful, the company expanded to New South Wales by absorbing the Sydney and Country Bank Limited in 1882. Banknotes were issued at branches in Melbourne, Sydney and Adelaide. The headquarters was in a modest building on the corner of Elizabeth and Collins Street in Melbourne.
The Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy (AusIMM) provides services to professionals engaged in all facets of the global minerals sector and is based in Carlton, Victoria, Australia.
William Acland Douglas Anderson, (31 October 1829 – 23 January 1882) was an English-born politician and goldfields commissioner in colonial Victoria, Australia.
William Highett was a banker, landowner and politician in colonial Victoria. He was also a member of the Victorian Legislative Council.
The National Bank of Australasia was a bank based in Melbourne. It was established in 1858, and in 1982 merged with the Commercial Banking Company of Sydney to form National Australia Bank.
The Western Australian Bank was a bank operating in Western Australia from 1841 to 1927.
Charles Albert Edward Fenner was an Australian geologist, naturalist, geographer and educator.
Sydney Wigham Smith was an architect in Melbourne, Australia, principal of the firm of Sydney Smith, Ogg and Serpell.
The Ballarat Banking Company was a long-lasting regional bank based in the city of Ballarat, Victoria, Australia, operating from 1865 to 1955.
The London Chartered Bank of Australia was an English-run Australian bank which operated from 1852 to 1921.
John Rodger Greville was an Irish-born comic actor, singer, songwriter and stage manager who had a long career in Australia.