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On 10 thermidor year 15 (29 July 1807), Napoleon I of France signed a decree reducing the number of theatres in Paris to eight, giving the force of law to a decree of the interior minister of 25 April that same year. This measure cut short an expansion in theatres.
Thermidor was the eleventh month in the French Republican Calendar. The month was named after the French word thermal which comes from the Greek word "thermos" which means heat.
Paris is the capital and most populous city of France, with an area of 105 square kilometres and an official estimated population of 2,140,526 residents as of 1 January 2019. Since the 17th century, Paris has been one of Europe's major centres of finance, diplomacy, commerce, fashion, science, and the arts. The City of Paris is the centre and seat of government of the Île-de-France, or Paris Region, which has an estimated official 2019 population of 12,213,364, or about 18 percent of the population of France. The Paris Region had a GDP of €709 billion in 2017. According to the Economist Intelligence Unit Worldwide Cost of Living Survey in 2018, Paris was the second most expensive city in the world, after Singapore, and ahead of Zürich, Hong Kong, Oslo and Geneva. Another source ranked Paris as most expensive, on a par with Singapore and Hong Kong, in 2018.
The Minister of the Interior is an important position in the Government of France. The office is equivalent to the Interior Minister of other countries, like the Home Secretary of the United Kingdom, the Minister of Public Safety in Canada or similar to a combination of the Attorney General and Secretary of Homeland Security in the United States.
Following is a list of the theatres that remained.
The Comédie-Française or Théâtre-Français is one of the few state theatres in France. Founded in 1680, it is the oldest active theatre company in the world. Established as a French state-controlled entity in 1995, it is the only state theatre in France to have its own permanent troupe of actors. The company's primary venue is the Salle Richelieu, which is a part of the Palais-Royal complex and located at 2 rue de Richelieu on the Place André-Malraux in the 1st arrondissement of Paris.
The Théâtre du Vaudeville was a theatre in Paris. It opened on 12 January 1792 on rue de Chartres. Its directors, Piis and Barré, mainly put on "petites pièces mêlées de couplets sur des airs connus", including vaudevilles.
The Théâtre des Variétés is a theatre and "salle de spectacles" at 7-8, boulevard Montmartre, 2nd arrondissement, in Paris. It was declared a monument historique in 1975.
The Théâtre de la Porte Saint-Martin is a venerable theatre and opera house at 18, Boulevard Saint-Martin in the 10th arrondissement of Paris.
The decree did not remain in force after Napoleon's fall in 1814.[ citation needed ]
Antoine-Vincent Arnault was a French playwright.
Jean-Nicolas Bouilly was a French playwright, librettist, children's writer, and politician of the French Revolution. He is best known for writing a libretto, supposedly based on a true story, about a woman who disguises herself as a man to rescue her husband from prison, which formed the basis of Beethoven's opera Fidelio as well as a number of other operas.
Joseph Méry was a French writer, journalist, novelist, poet, playwright and librettist.
Charles-Guillaume Étienne was a 19th-century French playwright.
Louis Abel Beffroy de Reigny, was a French dramatist and man of letters.
Théophile Marion Dumersan was a French writer of plays, vaudevilles, poetry, novels, chanson collections, librettos, and novels, as well as a numismatist and curator attached to the Cabinet des médailles et antiques of the Bibliothèque royale.
Jean-François Cailhava de L'Estandoux or d'Estendoux was a French dramatist, poet and critic.
Désiré Guillaume Édouard Monnais was a French journalist, theater director, playwright and librettist.
The French actor, writer, manager and director, Sacha Guitry had a prolific output of plays and films. His stage works range from historical dramas to contemporary light comedies. Some have musical scores, by composers including André Messager and Reynaldo Hahn. During the era of silent films Guitry avoided them, finding the lack of spoken dialogue fatal to dramatic impact. From the 1930s to the end of his life he enthusiastically embraced the cinema, making as many as five films in a single year.
Édouard-Joseph-Ennemond Mazères was a 19th-century French playwright and librettist.
Nicolas Gersin was a French playwright and librettist.
Armand d'Artois was a 19th-century French playwright and librettist, and also Achille d'Artois's brother.
Michel-Joseph Gentil de Chavagnac, full name Adolphe Michel Joseph Gentil de Chavagnac, was a 19th-century French chansonnier and playwright.
Maurice Ourry was a French poet, playwright and journalist.
Alexandre Leblanc de Ferrière, died after 1845, was an 18th–19th-century French playwright, journalist, printer, publisher and writer.
Antoine Simonnin, full name Antoine-Jean-Baptiste Simonnin, was a 19th-century French writer and dramatist.
René de Chazet, full name René André Polydore Balthazar Alissan de Chazet, was a French playwright, poet and novelist.
Pierre Antoine Jean-Baptiste Villiers was a French playwright, journalist and poet.
Nicolas Boindin was an 18th-century French writer and playwright.
Antoine Bret was an 18th-century French writer and playwright.