European Community number

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The European Community number (EC number) is a unique seven-digit identifier that was assigned to substances for regulatory purposes within the European Union by the European Commission. The EC Inventory comprises three individual inventories, EINECS, ELINCS and the NLP list. [1]

Contents

European Inventory of Existing Commercial Chemical Substances (EINECS) European Inventory of Existing Commercial Chemical Substances EINECS.pdf
European Inventory of Existing Commercial Chemical Substances (EINECS)

Structure

The EC number may be written in a general form as: NNN-NNN-R, [2] where R is a check digit and N represents integers. The check digit is calculated using the ISBN method. According to this method, the check digit R is the following sum modulo 11:

If the remainder R is equal to 10, that combination of digits is not used for an EC number. To illustrate, the EC number of dexamethasone is 200-003-9. N1 is 2, N2 through N5 are 0, and N6 is 3.

The remainder is 9, which is the check digit.

There is a set of 181 ELINCS numbers (EC numbers starting with 4) for which the checksum by the above algorithm is 10 and the number has not been skipped but issued with a checksum of 1.

EC Inventory

The EC Inventory includes the substances in the following inventories. The content of these inventories is fixed and official.

InventoryScopeFormatNumber of entries (if fixed number of entries)
European Inventory of Existing Commercial Chemical Substances (EINECS)Substances, excluding polymers, that were recorded as being commercially available in the EU from 1 January 1971 to 18 September 1981. [3] These were considered registered under Article 8(1) of the Dangerous Substances Directive (67/548/EEC). They are considered phase-in substances under the REACH Regulation.2xx-xxx-x
3xx-xxx-x
100,102 [3]
European List of Notified Chemical Substances (ELINCS)Substances notified under the Dangerous Substances Directive Notification of New Substances (NONS) that became commercially available after 18 September 1981.[ citation needed ]4xx-xxx-x4,381
No Longer Polymers (NLP)The definition of polymers was changed in April, 1992 [4] with the result that substances previously considered to be polymers were no longer regarded as polymers. Consequently, a list, called the NLP-list (No Longer Polymer), was made of such substances that were not covered by the polymer definition but were placed on the market between after 18 September 1981 and 31 October 1993. [5] 5xx-xxx-x703

List numbers

European Chemicals Agency (ECHA) also applies the EC number format to what it calls "List number". [6] The number are assigned under the REACH Regulation without being legally recognised. Hence, they are not official because they have not been published in the Official Journal of the European Union. List numbers are administrative tools only and shall not be used for any official purposes.

ScopeFormat
Automatically assigned, e.g. to pre-registrations of substances with a CAS No.6xx-xxx-x
Assigned to substances after inquiries by the ECHA Substance ID Team7xx-xxx-x
Automatically assigned to substances identified only with a CAS No. (continuation of the 6xx-xxx-x series)8xx-xxx-x
Automatically assigned, e.g. to pre-registrations without a CAS No. or other numerical identifier (including reaction masses of more than one substance)9xx-xxx-x

See also

Related Research Articles

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Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals

Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals (REACH) is a European Union regulation dating from 18 December 2006. REACH addresses the production and use of chemical substances, and their potential impacts on both human health and the environment. Its 849 pages took seven years to pass, and it has been described as the most complex legislation in the Union's history and the most important in 20 years. It is the strictest law to date regulating chemical substances and will affect industries throughout the world. REACH entered into force on 1 June 2007, with a phased implementation over the next decade. The regulation also established the European Chemicals Agency, which manages the technical, scientific and administrative aspects of REACH.

Risk and Safety Statements, also known as R/S statements, R/S numbers, R/S phrases, and R/S sentences, is a system of hazard codes and phrases for labeling dangerous chemicals and compounds. The R/S statement of a compound consists of a risk part (R) and a safety part (S), each followed by a combination of numbers. Each number corresponds to a phrase. The phrase corresponding to the letter/number combination has the same meaning in different languages—see 'languages' in the menu on the left.

Directive 67/548/EEC

The Dangerous Substances Directive was one of the main European Union laws concerning chemical safety, until its full replacement by the new regulation CLP Regulation (2008), starting in 2016. It was made under Article 100 of the Treaty of Rome. By agreement, it is also applicable in the EEA, and compliance with the directive will ensure compliance with the relevant Swiss laws. The Directive ceased to be in force on 31 May 2015 and was repealed by Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 December 2008 on classification, labelling and packaging of substances and mixtures, amending and repealing Directives 67/548/EEC and 1999/45/EC, and amending Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006.

Battery Directive

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Reproductive toxicity

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European hazard symbols for chemicals are pictograms defined by the European Union for labelling chemical packaging and containers. They are standardised currently by the CLP/GHS classification.

The SIN List is a database developed by the International Chemical Secretariat (ChemSec) of chemicals the uses of which are likely to become legally restricted under EU REACH regulation. The list is being used by public interest groups as a campaign tool to advocate for increasing the pace of implementation of REACH and by commercial interests to identify substances for control in chemicals management programmes.

Technical Guidance WM2: Hazardous Waste: Interpretation of the definition and classification of hazardous waste is a guidance document developed and jointly published by the English Environment Agency, Natural Resources Wales, Scottish Environment Protection Agency and the Northern Ireland Environment Agency to provide guidance on the assessment and classification of hazardous waste based on the revised Waste Framework Directive definition of hazardous waste. Waste producers, consultants, contractors and waste management companies use the guidance to a) identify the correct waste code for their waste and b) determine whether the waste is hazardous or not based on its chemical composition.

Regulation of pesticides in the European Union

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References

  1. "Guidance for identification and naming of substances under REACH and CLP" (pdf). European Chemicals Agency. May 2017. p. 106. Retrieved 2017-08-28.
  2. "Commission Directive 2001/59/EC of 6 August 2001 adapting to technical progress for the 28th time Council Directive 67/548/EEC on the approximation of the laws, regulations and administrative provisions relating to the classification, packaging and labelling of dangerous substances" (pdf). Official Journal of the European Communities. European Commission (L 225): 4. 21 August 2001. Retrieved 2011-12-18.
  3. 1 2 Geiss, F.; Del Bino, G.; Blech, G.; Nørager, O.; Orthmann, E.; Mosselmans, G.; Powell, J.; Roy, R.; Smyrniotis, T.; Town, W. G. (1992). "The EINECS inventory of existing chemical substances on the EC market". Toxicological. 37 (1–2): 21–33. doi:10.1080/02772249209357850.
  4. "Council Directive 92/32/EEC of 30 April 1992 amending for the seventh time Directive 67/548/EEC on the approximation of the laws, regulations and administrative provisions relating to the classification, packaging and labelling of dangerous substances" (pdf). Official Journal of the European Communities. European Commission (L 154): 1–29. 30 April 1992. Retrieved 2009-01-25.
  5. "Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 December 2008 on classification, labeling and packaging of substances and mixtures, amending and repealing Directives 67/548/EEC and 1999/45/EC, and amending Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006" (pdf). Official Journal of the European Communities. European Commission (L 353): 329. December 31, 2008. Retrieved 2009-01-24.
  6. Registered substances Archived 2011-12-05 at the Wayback Machine at European Chemicals Agency (ECHA)