FA Amateur Cup

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The FA Amateur Cup was an English football competition for amateur clubs. It commenced in 1893 and ended in 1974 when the Football Association abolished official amateur status.

Contents

History

N.L. Jackson of Corinthian F.C. was a prime mover in the creation of the Amateur Cup. Nicholas Lane Jackson.png
N.L. Jackson of Corinthian F.C. was a prime mover in the creation of the Amateur Cup.

Following the legalisation of professionalism within football, professional teams quickly came to dominate the sport's main national knock-out tournament, the FA Cup. In response to this, the committee of the country's oldest club, Sheffield F.C., suggested in 1892 the organisation of a separate national cup solely for amateur teams, and even offered to pay for the trophy itself. [1] The Football Association (the FA) declined the club's offer, but a year later decided to organise just such a competition. [1] N. L. Jackson of Corinthian F.C. was appointed chairman of the Amateur Cup sub-committee and arranged for the purchase of a trophy valued at £30.00, and the first tournament took place during the 189394 season. [1] The entrants included 12 clubs representing the old boys of leading public schools, and Old Carthusians, the team for former pupils of Charterhouse School, won the first final, defeating Casuals. [2] The old boy teams competed in the Amateur Cup until 1902, when disputes with the FA led to the formation of the Arthur Dunn Cup, a dedicated competition for such teams. [2]

The 1973-74 competition was the last, as the FA abolished the distinction between professional and amateur clubs. The strongest amateur teams instead entered the FA Trophy, which had been set up five years earlier to cater for those teams outside The Football League which were professional rather than amateur. A new competition, the FA Vase, was set up to cater for the remaining amateur clubs, and was generally regarded as a direct replacement for the old competition. [2]

Structure

The first tournament attracted 81 entrants, with three qualifying rounds used to reduce the number down to 32 for the first round proper. [3] For the following season, the previous season's semi-finalists joined at the first round proper along with other leading clubs chosen by the FA, with the numbers made up by teams progressing through the qualifying rounds. [4] This remained the standard format until 1907, when the number of entrants to the first round was doubled to 64 and the number of rounds prior to the semi-finals increased to four. The competition continued under this format until it was discontinued in 1974.

Venues

Wembley Stadium was the venue for the final between 1949 and 1974. Old Wembley Stadium (external view).jpg
Wembley Stadium was the venue for the final between 1949 and 1974.

Matches in the Amateur Cup were played at the home ground of one of the two teams, as decided when the matches are drawn. Occasionally games were moved to other grounds. In the event of a draw, the replay was played at the ground of the team who originally played away from home. The second replay, and any further replays, were usually played at neutral grounds.

The final was held at various grounds in the early years of the competition, with a venue located somewhere in between the home towns of the two participating clubs usually chosen. In 1949 the final moved to Wembley Stadium, and was then played there every year until the competition ended. In the 1950s attendances for the final reached 100,000, comparable to the FA Cup final itself. [2]

Winners and finalists

Almost all of the winners over the years were from either the Isthmian League, based in London and the Home Counties, or the Northern League, based in North East England, with Bishop Auckland the most successful club with 10 wins. Amateur Cup winners who later turned professional and gained entry to the English Football League include Middlesbrough, West Hartlepool (merged to form Hartlepool United), Wimbledon, Wycombe Wanderers and Barnet. Ilford, Leytonstone and Walthamstow Avenue additionally merged to become Dagenham & Redbridge, a professional club which has also competed in the EFL.

Thirty-six different clubs won the cup. The following clubs won the tournament more than once:

ClubLeagueNumber of wins
Bishop Auckland Northern League [5] 10
Clapton none/Isthmian League [A] [6] 5
Crook Town Northern League [7] 5
Dulwich Hamlet Isthmian League [8] 4
Bromley Isthmian League/Athenian League 3
Hendon Isthmian League/Athenian League 3
Leytonstone Isthmian League 3
Stockton Northern League 3
Enfield Isthmian League 2
Ilford Isthmian League 2
Leyton Athenian League 2
Middlesbrough Northern League 2
Old Carthusians none2
Pegasus none2
Walthamstow Avenue Isthmian League 2

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References

  1. 1 2 3 Samuel, Richard (2003). The Complete F.A. Amateur Cup Results Book. Soccer Books Limited. p. 3. ISBN   1-86223-066-8.
  2. 1 2 3 4 Cox, Richard; Dave Russell; Wray Vamplew (2002). Encyclopedia of British Football. Routledge. p. 21. ISBN   0-7146-5249-0.
  3. Samuel, Richard. The Complete F.A. Amateur Cup Results Book. p. 5.
  4. Samuel, Richard. The Complete F.A. Amateur Cup Results Book. p. 6.
  5. "Bishop Auckland". The Football Club History Database. Retrieved 6 January 2009.
  6. "Clapton". The Football Club History Database. Retrieved 6 January 2009.
  7. "Crook Town". The Football Club History Database. Retrieved 6 January 2009.
  8. "Dulwich Hamlet". The Football Club History Database. Retrieved 8 January 2009.

Further reading