Ferguson Peak ( Coordinates: ) is a peak, 560 metres (1,840 ft) high, standing close west of the head of Cooper Bay in the eastern extremity of South Georgia. It was photographed by Niall Rankin during his visit to South Georgia in 1947. Rankin did not disclose the locality because he wished to protect the fur seals found there and shown in his photo. The photo was identified as the feature now described by the British South Georgia Expedition, 1954–55, and the peak was unofficially named "Fur Seal Peak". Since Bird Island, at the west end of South Georgia, is now the only place where fur seals breed, this name is misleading. A new name, "Ferguson Peak" was recommended by the UK Antarctic Place-Names Committee in 1957 for David Ferguson, a Scottish geologist, who carried out geological investigations in South Georgia in 1911–12 for Messrs. Christian Salvesen and Company.
A geographic coordinate system is a coordinate system that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position; alternatively, a geographic position may be expressed in a combined three-dimensional Cartesian vector. A common choice of coordinates is latitude, longitude and elevation. To specify a location on a plane requires a map projection.
South Georgia is an island in the southern Atlantic Ocean that is part of the British Overseas territory of South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands. The main settlement is Grytviken. South Georgia is 167.4 kilometres (104 mi) long and 1.4 to 37 km wide. It is about 830 km (520 mi) northeast of Coronation Island and 550 km (340 mi) northwest from Zavodovski Island, the nearest South Sandwich island.
Fur seals are any of nine species of pinnipeds belonging to the subfamily Arctocephalinae in the family Otariidae. They are much more closely related to sea lions than true seals, and share with them external ears (pinnae), relatively long and muscular foreflippers, and the ability to walk on all fours. They are marked by their dense underfur, which made them a long-time object of commercial hunting. Eight species belong to the genus Arctocephalus and are found primarily in the Southern Hemisphere, while a ninth species also sometimes called fur seal, the northern fur seal, belongs to a different genus and inhabits the North Pacific.
The Geologists Range is a mountain range about 55 km (34 mi) long, standing between the heads of Lucy and Nimrod Glaciers in Antarctica. Seen by the northern party of the New Zealand Geological Survey Antarctic Expedition (NZGSAE) (1961–62) and named to commemorate the work of geologists in Antarctic exploration.
The Usarp Mountains is a major Antarctic mountain range, lying westward of the Rennick Glacier and trending N-S for about 190 kilometres (118 mi). The feature is bounded to the north by Pryor Glacier and the Wilson Hills. Its important constituent parts include Welcome Mountain, Mount Van der Hoeven, Mount Weihaupt, Mount Stuart, Mount Lorius, Smith Bench, Mount Roberts, Pomerantz Tableland, Daniels Range, Emlen Peaks, Helliwell Hills and Morozumi Range.
Quensel Glacier is a small glacier flowing southeast into Cooper Bay at the east tip of South Georgia. It was named by the United Kingdom Antarctic Place-Names Committee (UK-APC) after Percy D. Quensel, Swedish geologist of Uppsala University, who visited South Georgia with Carl Skottsberg in 1909.
Athos Range is the northernmost range in the Prince Charles Mountains of Mac. Robertson Land, Antarctica. The range consists of a large number of individual mountains and nunataks that trend east-west for 40 miles (60 km) along the north side of Scylla Glacier.
Larsen Harbour is a narrow 2.6 miles (4.2 km) long inlet of indenting volcanic rocks and sheeted dykes known as the Larsen Harbour Formation. It is a branch of Drygalski Fjord, entered 2.5 miles (4 km) west-northwest of Nattriss Head, at the southeast end of South Georgia. It was charted by the German Antarctic Expedition, 1911–12, under Filchner, who named it for Captain Carl Anton Larsen a Norwegian Antarctic Explorer, who made significant contributions to the exploration of Antarctica. The most significant being the first discovery of fossils, for which he received the Back Grant from the Royal Geographical Society. Larsen is also considered the founder of the Antarctic whaling industry and the settlement at Grytviken, South Georgia.
Mount Shute is a mountain (2,070 m) standing 14 miles (22 km) southeast of Austin Peak in Mirabito Range, Antarctica. Mapped by United States Geological Survey (USGS) from surveys and U.S. Navy air photos 1960 63. Named by Advisory Committee on Antarctic Names (US-ACAN) for Larry R. Shute, United States Antarctic Research Program (USARP) meteorologist at Hallett Station, 1963–64.
Explorers Range is a large mountain range in the Bowers Mountains of Victoria Land, Antarctica, extending from Mount Bruce in the north to Carryer Glacier and McLin Glacier in the south. Named by the New Zealand Antarctic Place-Names Committee (NZ-APC) for the northern party of New Zealand Geological Survey Antarctic Expedition (NZGSAE), 1963–64, whose members carried out a topographical and geological survey of the area. The names of several party members are assigned to features in and about this range. All of the geographical features listed below lie situated on the Pennell Coast, a portion of Antarctica lying between Cape Williams and Cape Adare.
Bary Glacier is a glacier flowing west into Jacobsen Bight, South Georgia, south of Christophersen Glacier. The glacier cuts through the longest sedimentary sequence on the island, from Christophersen Glacier to Cape Darnley. It was named by the UK Antarctic Place-Names Committee in 1982 after Thomas de Bary, one of the first directors of the Compañía Argentina de Pesca from 1904.
Christophersen Glacier is a glacier 8 nautical miles (15 km) long, flowing west into Jacobsen Bight on the south coast of South Georgia. It was surveyed by the South Georgia Survey in the period 1951–57, and named by the UK Antarctic Place-Names Committee for Pedro Christophersen, one of the first Directors of the Compañía Argentina de Pesca which operated the Grytviken whaling station for more than 50 years beginning in 1904.
Dead End Glacier is a glacier flowing east from the south end of the Salvesen Range of South Georgia into the west side of Salomon Glacier. It was surveyed by the South Georgia Survey in the period 1951–57, and so named by the UK Antarctic Place-Names Committee because there is no route for sledging parties from the head of this glacier to the north shore of Drygalski Fjord.
Eclipse Glacier is a glacier flowing southwest into the northern part of Jacobsen Bight on the south coast of South Georgia Island. It was so named by the British South Georgia Survey, 1954–55, led by George A. Sutton.
Salomon Glacier is a glacier flowing south into Hamilton Bay, at the east end of South Georgia. Named by the German Antarctic Expedition under Wilhelm Filchner, 1911-12.
Bonner Beach is a small, flat beach on the south shore of Larsen Harbor in the southeast part of South Georgia. It is the only place in South Georgia where Weddell seals breed. The area was mapped by DI personnel in 1927 and by the South Georgia Survey in the period 1951–57, and named by the UK Antarctic Place-Names Committee in 1957 for William N. Bonner, Falkland Islands Dependencies Survey biologist who worked in the Bay of Isles in 1953–55 and was sealing inspector in South Georgia in 1956–57.
Vivaldi Glacier is a glacier lying between the Colbert Mountains and the Lully Foothills, flowing south from Purcell Snowfield into the head of Schubert Inlet on the west coast of Alexander Island, Antarctica. The feature appears to be first shown on maps of the United States Antarctic Service (USAS) which photographed Alexander Island from the air in 1940. It was mapped from air photos obtained by the Ronne Antarctic Research Expedition in 1947–48, by Searle of the Falkland Islands Dependencies Survey in 1960. Named "Vivaldi Gap" by the United Kingdom Antarctic Place-Names Committee in 1961, after Antonio Vivaldi (1678–1741), Venetian composer. The name was amended to Vivaldi Glacier following review of Landsat program imagery, 1979, displaying flow lines in the feature.
Webber Nunatak is a nunatak (495 m) standing 6 nautical miles (11 km) west of Mount Manthe in the Hudson Mountains. It was mapped using air photos taken by U.S. Navy Operation Highjump, which took place during 1946 and 1947, and named in 1967 by the Advisory Committee on Antarctic Names (US-ACAN) for George E. Webber, an electrical engineer at Byrd Station.
Montgolfier Glacier is a glacier situated between Rozier Glacier and Woodbury Glacier and flowing between Balis Ridge and Bacho Kiro Peak into Piccard Cove on the west coast of Graham Land, Antarctica.
Fortuna Peak is a peak, 385 metres (1,260 ft) high, standing at the east side of Fortuna Bay, on the north coast of South Georgia. The name appears to be first used on a 1931 British Admiralty chart, and is probably in association with Fortuna Bay.
McCalman Peak is the 550-metre (1,800 ft) summit of an east–west trending ridge 3 nautical miles (6 km) north of Crystal Hill, 3.97 km east-northeast of Gornik Knoll, 6.9 km south-southeast of Kumata Hill and 4.55 km west-southwest of Zaldapa Ridge on Trinity Peninsula, Antarctica. It was named by the UK Antarctic Place-Names Committee for Donald McCalman, a surveyor with the Falkland Islands Dependencies Survey at Hope Bay in 1958–59.
Seal Glacier is a small glacier draining east, located just north of Parrish Peak in the Enterprise Hills, Heritage Range. Mapped by United States Geological Survey (USGS) from surveys and U.S. Navy air photos, 1961-66. Named by Advisory Committee on Antarctic Names (US-ACAN) for radioman G.L. Seal, U.S. Navy, who up to Operation Deepfreeze 1966 had contributed to efficient communications during four austral summer seasons.
The United States Geological Survey is a scientific agency of the United States government. The scientists of the USGS study the landscape of the United States, its natural resources, and the natural hazards that threaten it. The organization has four major science disciplines, concerning biology, geography, geology, and hydrology. The USGS is a fact-finding research organization with no regulatory responsibility.
The Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) is a database that contains name and locative information about more than two million physical and cultural features located throughout the United States of America and its territories. It is a type of gazetteer. GNIS was developed by the United States Geological Survey in cooperation with the United States Board on Geographic Names (BGN) to promote the standardization of feature names.
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