Fitzpatrick Lecture

Fitzpatrick Lecture
Founder(s) Thomas Fitzpatrick (London physician)
Established 1901
Faculty Royal College of Physicians

The Fitzpatrick Lecture is given annually at the Royal College of Physicians on a subject related to history of medicine. [1] The lecturer, who must be a fellow of the College, is selected by the president and may be chosen to speak for two years successively. The lectures are supported by funds from the Fitzpatrick Trust which was established in 1901 by Agnes Letitia Fitzpatrick [2] with a £2,000 donation in memory of her physician husband Thomas Fitzpatrick. [3] [4] [5] Agnes was influenced by her husband’s close friend, Sir Norman Moore, who persuaded her to choose ‘’history of medicine’’ as a subject. Subsequently, Moore was credited with its idea and implementation. [6]

The first two Fitzpatrick lectures were given by Joseph Frank Payne, [6] whose request instigated history of medicine lectures at the Royal Society of Medicine and with whose support Sir William Osler established the History of Medicine Section. [7] He was succeeded by Sir Norman Moore, Leonard Guthrie and Clifford Allbutt and Raymond Crawfurd. [8]

Lecturers

1903-1920

YearsNameLecture titleComments
1903-1904 Joseph Frank Payne The Medicine of Anglo-Saxon Times. [9] Paid tribute to Thomas Fitzpatrick prior to first lecture, stating that Norman Moore, an intimate friend of Fitzpatrick, should have given the first lecture. [6]
1905-1906 Sir Norman Moore The history of the study of medicine in the British Isles. [10] Moore spoke on Medical Study in London during the Middle Ages and Education of physicians in London in the 17th century. [10]
1907-1908 Leonard Guthrie
  • Contributions to the Study of Precocity in Children. [11]
  • The History of Neurology.
After Guthrie's death, his work was privately printed in 1921, by his nephew, Eric G. Millar. [12]
1909-1910 Clifford Allbutt Greek Medicine in Rome. [13] [14] Allbutt dedicated the published lectures to Sir Norman Moore, president of the RCP. [14]
1911-1912 Raymond Crawfurd Crawfurd further expanded these topics to produce books on the subjects. [15]
1913-1914 Charles Arthur Mercier
  • Astrology in Medicine. [16]
  • Leper houses and mediaeval hospitals. [17]
1915-1916William Halse RiversMedicine, Magic and Religion. [18]
1917-1918 Arnold Chaplin Medicine in England during the reign of George III . [19]
1919-1920 Edward Granville Browne Arabian medicine. [20]

1921-1940

YearsNameLecture titleComments
1921 Robert Oswald Moon Lectured on Hippocrates and his successors and interested in classics. He also wrote book on The Relation of Medicine to Philosophy. [21]
1923-1924 Charles Singer
  • History of Medicine
  • The Evolution of Anatomy: a Short History of Anatomical and Physiological Discovery to Harvey [22]
1927 Herbert R. Spencer The FitzPatrick Lectures on the History of British Midwifery (1650-1800). [23]
1935-1936 John Davy Rolleston He demonstrated how current medical problems could be understood through studying the past, [24] in The history of the acute exanthemata . [25]
1937-1938 Henry Harold Scott A History of Tropical Medicine. [26]

1941-1960

YearsNameLecture titleComments
1948-1949W.H WynnThe Pestilences of War. [1]
1950-1952W. BrockbankThe History of Some Therapeutic Procedures. [1]
1952-1953M. DavidsonMedicine in Oxford, a Historical Romance. [1]
1954-1945C. E. NewmanThe Evolution of Medical Education in the Nineteenth Century. [1] Newman described the development of professional solidarity and societies of physicians and apothecaries, demonstrating similarities between apothecaries and attorneys. [27]
1956-1947C F T EastSome Aspects of the History of Cardiology. [1]
1958-1959 W. S. C. Copeman Medical Practice in the Tudor Period. [1]
1960-1961K D KeeleEvolution of Clinical Methods in Medicine. [1] Published in a book reviewed by Lloyd G. Stevenson. [28]

1961-1980

YearsNameLecture titleComments
1960-1961K. D. KeeleEvolution of Clinical Methods in Medicine [1]
1962-1963A H T Robb-SmithThe Oxford Medical School and its Graduates. [1]
1964-1965R R TrailThe History of Popular Medicine in England: up to the 17th century. [1]
1966 Geoffrey Keynes John Woodall, Surgeon, 1556-1643. His place in medical history. [1]
1967P E Thompson Hancock. [1]
1968C. E. NewmanThe History of the College Library. [1]
1969-1970Major General A. N. T. Mences
  • The Influence of War on Medicine
  • The Influence of Medicine on War. [1]
1971-1972 Edgar Ashworth Underwood
  • The Evolution of Haematology: The History of the Formed Elements of the Blood.
  • The Evolution of Haematology: The History of some Diseases of the Blood. [1]
1973Major Genral R. J. G. MorrisonDr Messenger Monsey, 1693-1788. [1]
1975W. C. GibsonA Canadian Trio of Internalists – Banting, Bethune and Chisholm . [1]
1976Gweneth WhitteridgeSome Italian Precursors of the London College of Physicians. [1]
1977E. S. ClarkeThe Neutral Circulation:the role of analogy in medicine. [1]
1979C. C. BootheClinical Science in the age of Reason. [1]
1980 A. J. Robertson Dinner with Laennec . [1] A. J. Robertson was the second medical editor of journal Thorax. His Fitzpatrick lecture was based on Läennec, and the physicians who contributed to the confusion about rales and rhonchi. [29]

1981-2000

YearsNameLecture titleComments
1981P A J BallPlants, their Predators and the Physician. [1]
1982A HollmanThomas Lewis - Physiologist, Cardiologist and Clinical Scientist. [1]
1983R. M. Kark Richard Bright MD FRS DCL (1789-1859).
1984 Gordon Wolstenholme Governments may damage your health. [30]
1987 Alex Sakula A history of asthma . [31]
1988A. GoldbergTowards European medicine: an historical perspective. [32]
1989P. Richards Leprosy: myth, melodrama and mediaevalism. [33]
1993A S Mason Hans Sloane and his friends. [34]
1994J H BaronArt in hospitals. [35] Given whilst Baron was a RCP councillor. [36]
1995D A PykeThe great insanity: Hitler and the destruction of German science. [37]
1996Tattersall R Frederick Pavy (1829-1911)-the last of the physician chemists. [38]

2001 onwards

YearsNameLecture titleComments
2015T PetersKing George III and the porphyria myth - causes, consequences and re-evaluation of his mental illness with computer diagnostics. [39]
2016David Eedy Churchill's medical men. [40]
2017Professor Gareth Williams Edward Jenner and John Hunter: the apprentice and his sorcerer. [41]
2018Nick Levell Daniel Turner Vs Thomas Dover - a story of rivals, slaves and pirates, dermatology and physicians [3]

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 Briggs, Asa (2005). A History of the Royal College of Physicians of London. Oxford University Press. pp. 1684–1689. ISBN   978-0-19-925334-0.
  2. "Fitzpatrick and Monckton Copeman Lecture 2017 – The Worshipful Society of Apothecaries". www.apothecaries.org.
  3. 1 2 "FitzPatrick Lecture 2018". RCP London. 2018-01-22. Retrieved 2018-06-23.
  4. Norrie, Philip (2016). A History of Disease in Ancient Times: More Lethal than War. Switzerland: Springer Nature. pp. 47–48. ISBN   978-3-319-28936-6.
  5. "Fitzpatrick Trust" (PDF). Royal College of Physicians. Archived from the original on 4 January 2015. Retrieved 23 June 2018.
  6. 1 2 3 Payne, Joseph Frank (27 June 1903). "The FITZPATRICK LECTURES on the HISTORY of MEDICINE: Delivered in the Royal College of Physicians". Br Med J. 1 (2217): 1477–1480. doi:10.1136/bmj.1.2217.1477. ISSN   0007-1447.
  7. Hunting, Penelope (2002). The History of The Royal Society of Medicine. Royal Society of Medicine Press. pp. 330–333. ISBN   1853154970.
  8. 1 2 3 Dodds, Charles; Payne, L.M. (1963). "Sir Raymond Crawfurd". Proceedings of the Royal Society of Medicine. 56 (Suppl 1): 19–24. ISSN   0035-9157. PMC   1896754 Freely accessible. PMID   14044492.
  9. Mann, R.D. (2012). Modern Drug use: An Enquiry on Historical Principles. MTP Pres Ltd. p. 172. ISBN   978-94-010-8962-3.
  10. 1 2 Moore, Norman; Moore, Norman; London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (1908). The history of the study of medicine in the British Isles  : The Fitzpatrick lectures for 1905-6 delivered before the Royal College of Physicians of London / Norman Moore. London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine Library & Archives Service. Oxford : Clarendon Press.
  11. Guthrie, Leonard George (1921). Contributions to the Study of Precocity in Children: The Fitzpatrick Lectures on the History of Medicine Delivered at the Royal College of Physicians in the Years 1907, 1908. Millar.
  12. Shuttleworth, Sally (2010). The Mind of the Child: Child Development in Literature, Science, and Medicine 1840-1900. Oxford University Press. p. 400. ISBN   978-0-19-968217-1.
  13. "Greek Medicine in Rome. The Fitzpatrick Lectures on the History of Medicine, Delivered at the Royal College of Physicians of London in 1909-1910, with other Historical Essays". JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association. 77 (11): 882. 1921-09-10. doi:10.1001/jama.1921.02630370056034. ISSN   0098-7484.
  14. 1 2 Allbutt, T. Clifford (Thomas Clifford) (1921). Greek medicine in Rome : the Fitzpatrick Lectures on the history of medicine delivered at the Royal College of Physicians of London in 1909-1910, with other historical essays. Gerstein - University of Toronto. London : Macmillan.
  15. Rolleston, J.D. (2004). Crawfurd, Sir Raymond Henry Payne- Oxford dictionary of national biography : in association with the British Academy : from the earliest times to the year 2000. Matthew, H. C. G. (Henry Colin Gray), Harrison, Brian, 1937-, British Academy. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 92–93. ISBN   019861411X. OCLC   54778415.
  16. Mercier, Charles Arthur (1914). Astrology in medicine : the Fitzpatrick lectures delivered before the Royal College of Physicians on November 6 and 11, 1913 : with addendum on saints and signs. University of California Libraries. London : Macmillan and Co.
  17. Mercier, Charles Arthur (1915). Leper houses and mediaeval hospitals: being the FitzPatrick lectures, delivered before the Royal College of Physicians, London, 5th and 10th November, 1914. FitzPatrick lectures ;1914. London: H.K. Lewis.
  18. PERRY, W. J. (October 1924). "Medicine, Magic and Religion: the FitzPatrick Lectures delivered before the Royal College of Physicians of London 1915 and 1916". Nature. 114 (2868): 563–564. doi:10.1038/114563a0. ISSN   0028-0836.
  19. Chaplin, Arnold (1919). Medicine in England during the reign of George III. The Fitzpatrick lectures delivered at the Royal College of Physicians 1917-1918;. University of California Libraries. London : Published by the Author.
  20. Browne, Edward Granville; Fitz-Patrick lectures, (1919 (1921). Arabian medicine : being the Fitzpatrick lectures delivered at the College of Physicians in November 1919 and November 1920. Cushing/Whitney Medical Library Yale University. Cambridge : The University Press.
  21. "R. O. Moon, D.M., F.R.C.P." British Medical Journal . 2: 343–344. 8 August 1953. doi:10.1136/bmj.2.4831.342-b.
  22. Mitchell, Peter (2007). The Purple Island and Anatomy in Early Seventeenth-century Literature, Philosophy, and Theology. Associated University Presse. p. 652. ISBN   978-0-8386-4018-0.
  23. Spencer, H. R. (1927-11-12). "The FitzPatrick Lectures on the History of British Midwifery (1650-1800)". British Medical Journal. 2 (3488): 853–856. ISSN   0007-1447. PMC   2525138 Freely accessible. PMID   20773500.
  24. "Munks Roll Details for John Davy Rolleston". munksroll.rcplondon.ac.uk. Retrieved 10 July 2018.
  25. Rolleston, J. D. (John Davy) (1937). The history of the acute exanthemata : the Fitzpatrick lectures for 1935 & 1936. Wellcome Library. London : W. Heinemann.
  26. "A History of Tropical Medicine Based on the Fitzpatrick Lectures Delivered Before the Royal College of Physicians of London 1937-38". Journal of the American Medical Association. 114 (16): 1585. 1940-04-20. doi:10.1001/jama.1940.02810160087038. ISSN   0002-9955.
  27. Robson, Robert (1959). The Attorney in Eighteenth-Century England. Cambridge University Press. p. 169. ISBN   978-1-107-65499-0.
  28. STEVENSON, LLOYD G. (1966). "Book Reviews". Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences. XXI (4): 421–422. doi:10.1093/jhmas/XXI.4.421. ISSN   0022-5045.
  29. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2117055/
  30. Wolstenholme, G. (January 1985). "Governments may damage your health. The FitzPatrick Lecture 1984". Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of London. 19 (1): 17–22. ISSN   0035-8819. PMID   3882955.
  31. Sakula, A. (January 1988). "A history of asthma. The FitzPatrick lecture 1987". Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of London. 22 (1): 36–44. ISSN   0035-8819. PMID   3276885.
  32. Goldberg, A. (October 1989). "Towards European medicine: an historical perspective. The FitzPatrick lecture 1988". Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of London. 23 (4): 277–286. ISSN   0035-8819. PMID   2685270.
  33. Richards, P. (January 1990). "Leprosy: myth, melodrama and mediaevalism. The FitzPatrick lecture 1989". Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of London. 24 (1): 55–62. ISSN   0035-8819. PMID   2407839.
  34. Mason, A. S. (October 1993). "Hans Sloane and his friends. The FitzPatrick Lecture 1993". Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of London. 27 (4): 450–455. ISSN   0035-8819. PMID   8289170.
  35. Baron, J. H. (March 1995). "Art in hospitals. The Fitzpatrick Lecture 1994". Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of London. 29 (2): 131–144. ISSN   0035-8819. PMID   7595886.
  36. Bennett, John R. (2014-12-31). "Hugh Baron obituary". the Guardian. Retrieved 2018-07-03.
  37. Pyke, D. A. (May 1995). "The great insanity: Hitler and the destruction of German science. The FitzPatrick Lecture 1995". Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of London. 29 (3): 199–206. ISSN   0035-8819. PMID   7658416.
  38. Tattersall, R. (May 1996). "Frederick Pavy (1829-1911)--the last of the physician chemists. The FitzPatrick Lecture 1996". Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of London. 30 (3): 238–245. ISSN   0035-8819. PMID   8811599.
  39. Peters, Timothy (April 2015). "FitzPatrick Lecture: King George III and the porphyria myth - causes, consequences and re-evaluation of his mental illness with computer diagnostics". Clinical Medicine (London, England). 15 (2): 168–172. doi:10.7861/clinmedicine.15-2-168. ISSN   1470-2118. PMID   25824070.
  40. "FitzPatrick lecture - Churchill's medical men, Dr David Eedy". RCP London. 2015-12-02. Retrieved 29 June 2018.
  41. "FitzPatrick lecture - Edward Jenner and John Hunter: the apprentice and his sorcerer". RCP London. 2017-02-08. Retrieved 2018-06-23.