|Founder(s)||Thomas Fitzpatrick (London physician)|
|Faculty||Royal College of Physicians|
The Fitzpatrick Lecture is given annually at the Royal College of Physicians on a subject related to history of medicine.The lecturer, who must be a fellow of the College, is selected by the president and may be chosen to speak for two years successively. The lectures are supported by funds from the Fitzpatrick Trust which was established in 1901 by Agnes Letitia Fitzpatrick with a £2,000 donation in memory of her physician husband Thomas Fitzpatrick. Agnes was influenced by her husband’s close friend, Sir Norman Moore, who persuaded her to choose ‘’history of medicine’’ as a subject. Subsequently, Moore was credited with its idea and implementation.
The Royal College of Physicians is a British professional body dedicated to improving the practice of medicine, chiefly through the accreditation of physicians by examination. Founded in 1518, it set the first international standard in the classification of diseases, and its library contains medical texts of great historical interest.
The history of medicine shows how societies have changed in their approach to illness and disease from ancient times to the present. Early medical traditions include those of Babylon, China, Egypt and India. The Indians introduced the concepts of medical diagnosis, prognosis, and advanced medical ethics. The Hippocratic Oath was written in ancient Greece in the 5th century BCE, and is a direct inspiration for oaths of office that physicians swear upon entry into the profession today. In the Middle Ages, surgical practices inherited from the ancient masters were improved and then systematized in Rogerius's The Practice of Surgery. Universities began systematic training of physicians around 1220 CE in Italy.
Thomas Fitzpatrick, born in Virginia, County Cavan, Ireland, became a prominent London physician and member of the Royal College of Physicians. He was the son of James and Elizabeth Fitzpatrick and born in the Headfort Arms Hotel, Virginia where his parents were the proprietors. From a privileged upbringing Thomas was educated at St. Patrick's, Carlow College, a school well noted for turning out many fine Catholic theologians. However his university education at Trinity College, Dublin enabled him to distinguish himself in medicine where he qualified with a BA in 1853, MA in 1854, MB and MD by 1856. During this time Thomas Fitzpatrick also practiced as a doctor in the Co. Cavan village of Mullagh before entering service during 1856 with the British East India Company as an assistant surgeon, an experience which was to leave a lasting impression on him, through his future attitudes towards primitive medicine, magic and religion.
The first two Fitzpatrick lectures were given by Joseph Frank Payne,whose request instigated history of medicine lectures at the Royal Society of Medicine and with whose support Sir William Osler established the History of Medicine Section. He was succeeded by Sir Norman Moore, Leonard Guthrie and Clifford Allbutt and Raymond Crawfurd.
The Royal Society of Medicine (RSM) is one of the major providers of accredited postgraduate medical education in the United Kingdom. Each year, the RSM organises over 400 academic and public events. spanning 56 areas of special interest providing a multi-disciplinary forum for discussion and debate. Videos of many key lectures are also available online, increasing access to the Society’s education programme. The RSM is home to one of the largest medical libraries in Europe, with an extensive collection of books, journals, electronic journals and online medical databases. As well as providing medical education, the Society aims to promote an exchange of information and ideas on the science, practice and organisation of medicine, both within the health professions and with responsible and informed public opinion. The Society is not a policy-making body and does not issue guidelines or standards of care.
Founded by Sir William Osler in 1912, the History of Medicine Society, at the Royal Society of Medicine (RSM), London, is one of the oldest History of Medicine societies in the world and is one of the four founder committees of the British Society for the History of Medicine.
|1903-1904||Joseph Frank Payne||The Medicine of Anglo-Saxon Times.||Paid tribute to Thomas Fitzpatrick prior to first lecture, stating that Norman Moore, an intimate friend of Fitzpatrick, should have given the first lecture.|
|1905-1906||Sir Norman Moore||The history of the study of medicine in the British Isles.||Moore spoke on Medical Study in London during the Middle Ages and Education of physicians in London in the 17th century.|
|1907-1908||Leonard Guthrie||After Guthrie's death, his work was privately printed in 1921, by his nephew, Eric G. Millar.|
|1909-1910||Clifford Allbutt||Greek Medicine in Rome.||Allbutt dedicated the published lectures to Sir Norman Moore, president of the RCP.|
|1911-1912||Raymond Crawfurd||Crawfurd further expanded these topics to produce books on the subjects.|
|1913-1914||Charles Arthur Mercier|
|1915-1916||William Halse Rivers||Medicine, Magic and Religion.|
|1917-1918||Arnold Chaplin||Medicine in England during the reign of George III .|
|1919-1920||Edward Granville Browne||Arabian medicine.|
|1921||Robert Oswald Moon||Lectured on Hippocrates and his successors and interested in classics. He also wrote book on The Relation of Medicine to Philosophy.|
|1927||Herbert R. Spencer||The FitzPatrick Lectures on the History of British Midwifery (1650-1800).|
|1935-1936||John Davy Rolleston||He demonstrated how current medical problems could be understood through studying the past, in The history of the acute exanthemata .|
|1937-1938||Henry Harold Scott||A History of Tropical Medicine.|
|1948-1949||W.H Wynn||The Pestilences of War.|
|1950-1952||W. Brockbank||The History of Some Therapeutic Procedures.|
|1952-1953||M. Davidson||Medicine in Oxford, a Historical Romance.|
|1954-1955||C. E. Newman||The Evolution of Medical Education in the Nineteenth Century.||Newman described the development of professional solidarity and societies of physicians and apothecaries, demonstrating similarities between apothecaries and attorneys.|
|1956-1957||C F T East||Some Aspects of the History of Cardiology.|
|1958-1959||W. S. C. Copeman||Medical Practice in the Tudor Period.|
|1960-1961||K D Keele||Evolution of Clinical Methods in Medicine.||Published in a book reviewed by Lloyd G. Stevenson.|
|1960-1961||K. D. Keele||Evolution of Clinical Methods in Medicine|
|1962-1963||A H T Robb-Smith||The Oxford Medical School and its Graduates.|
|1964-1965||R R Trail||The History of Popular Medicine in England: up to the 17th century.|
|1966||Geoffrey Keynes||John Woodall, Surgeon, 1556-1643. His place in medical history.|
|1967||P E Thompson Hancock.|
|1968||C. E. Newman||The History of the College Library.|
|1969-1970||Major General A. N. T. Mences|
|1971-1972||Edgar Ashworth Underwood|
|1973||Major General R. J. G. Morrison||Dr Messenger Monsey, 1693-1788.|
|1975||W. C. Gibson||A Canadian Trio of Internalists – Banting, Bethune and Chisholm .|
|1976||Gweneth Whitteridge||Some Italian Precursors of the London College of Physicians.|
|1977||E. S. Clarke||The Neutral Circulation:the role of analogy in medicine.|
|1979||C. C. Boothe||Clinical Science in the age of Reason.|
|1980||A. J. Robertson||Dinner with Laennec .||A. J. Robertson was the second medical editor of journal Thorax. His Fitzpatrick lecture was based on Läennec, and the physicians who contributed to the confusion about rales and rhonchi.|
|1981||P A J Ball||Plants, their Predators and the Physician.|
|1982||A Hollman||Thomas Lewis - Physiologist, Cardiologist and Clinical Scientist.|
|1983||R. M. Kark||Richard Bright MD FRS DCL (1789-1859).|
|1984||Gordon Wolstenholme||Governments may damage your health.|
|1987||Alex Sakula||A history of asthma .|
|1988||A. Goldberg||Towards European medicine: an historical perspective.|
|1989||P. Richards||Leprosy: myth, melodrama and mediaevalism.|
|1993||A S Mason||Hans Sloane and his friends.|
|1994||J H Baron||Art in hospitals.||Given whilst Baron was a RCP councillor.|
|1995||D A Pyke||The great insanity: Hitler and the destruction of German science.|
|1996||Tattersall R||Frederick Pavy (1829-1911)-the last of the physician chemists.|
|2015||T Peters||King George III and the porphyria myth - causes, consequences and re-evaluation of his mental illness with computer diagnostics.|
|2016||David Eedy||Churchill's medical men.|
|2017||Professor Gareth Williams||Edward Jenner and John Hunter: the apprentice and his sorcerer.|
|2018||Nick Levell||Daniel Turner Vs Thomas Dover - a story of rivals, slaves and pirates, dermatology and physicians|
Domenico Felice Antonio Cotugno was an Italian physician.
The Harveian Oration is a yearly lecture held at the Royal College of Physicians of London. It was instituted in 1656 by William Harvey, discoverer of the systemic circulation. Harvey made financial provision for the college to hold an annual feast on St. Luke's Day at which an oration would be delivered in Latin to praise the college's benefactors and to exhort the Fellows and Members of this college to search and study out the secrets of nature by way of experiment. Until 1865, the Oration was given in Latin, as Harvey had specified, and known as the Oratio anniversaria; but it was thereafter spoken in English. Many of the lectures were published in book form.
Sir Vincent Zachary Cope MD MS FRCS was an English physician, surgeon, author, historian and poet perhaps best known for authoring the book Cope's Early Diagnosis of the Acute Abdomen from 1921 until 1971. The work remains a respected and standard text of general surgery, and new editions continue being published by editors long after his death, the most recent one being the 22nd edition, published in 2010.
The Goulstonian Lectures are an annual lecture series given on behalf of the Royal College of Physicians in London. They began in 1639. The lectures are named for Theodore Goulston, who founded them with a bequest. By his will, dated 26 April 1632, he left £200 to the College of Physicians of London to found a lectureship, to be held in each year by one of the four youngest doctors of the college. These lectures were annually delivered from 1639, and have continued for more than three centuries. Up to the end of the 19th century, the spelling Gulstonian was often used. In many cases the lectures have been published.
The Lumleian Lectures are a series of annual lectures started in 1582 by the Royal College of Physicians of London and currently run by the Lumleian Trust. The name commemorates John Lumley, 1st Baron Lumley, who with Richard Caldwell of the College endowed the lectures, initially confined to surgery, but now on general medicine. William Harvey did not announce his work on the circulation of the blood in the Lumleian Lecture for 1616 although he had some partial notes on the heart and blood which led to the discovery of the circulation ten years later. By that time ambitious plans for a full anatomy course based on weekly lectures had been scaled back to a lecture three times a year.
The Osler Club of London is a society founded in 1928 to encourage the study of the history of medicine, particularly amongst medical students, and to keep "green the memory of Sir William Osler". Membership in the club is open to medical men and women, medical students, and persons associated with the history of medicine and in allied sciences.
The Bradshaw Lectures are prestigious lectureships given at the invitation of the Royal College of Physicians and the Royal College of Surgeons of England.
Air Marshal Sir Harold Edward Whittingham was a British physician notable for a distinguished medical career in the Royal Air Force and contributions to Aviation medicine. After graduating from the University of Glasgow, he was the first pathologist and Assistant Director of Research at the Beatson Institute for Cancer Research in Glasgow.
Sir Humphry Davy Rolleston, 1st Baronet, was a prominent English physician.
Dr William Sidney Charles Copeman was a rheumatologist and a medical historian, best remembered for his contributions to the study of arthritic disease.
Charles Edward Wallis, otherwise known as the 'father' of the London School Dental Service, was a physician and dental surgeon in London in the early 20th century. As one of the first assistant medical officers to London County Council, his research led to the establishment of a school dental treatment service and an improvement in child welfare.
Sir Raymond Henry Payne Crawfurd FRCP was a British physician and writer who, in addition to being active in post graduate medical education, took up numerous clinical and administrative responsibilities, including Registrar and examiner to the Royal College of Physicians (RCP), Dean of King's College London, now King's College London GKT School of Medical Education (GKT), and Chair of Epsom College Council.
John Davy Rolleston FSA FRCP was an English physician and folklorist, who published extensively on infectious diseases and the history of medicine. Overshadowed by his brother, Sir Humphry Rolleston, he established himself as an epidemiologist, gave the Fitzpatrick Lecture at the Royal College of Physicians in 1935-1936 and became involved in numerous other learned societies and medical bodies, including The Royal Society of Medicine and the Society for the Study and Cure of Inebriety.
Herbert Ritchie Spencer was professor of obstetrics at University College London.
Dossibai Rustomji Cowasji Patell MBE, later known as Dossibai Jehangir Ratenshaw Dadabhoy, was an Indian obstetrician and gynaecologist, who in 1910 became the first woman to become a member of the Royal College of Surgeons of England (RCS).
James Stansfield Collier (1870–1935) was an English physician and neurologist.
Francis de Havilland Hall (1847–1929) was an English physician, surgeon, and laryngologist.
Charles Edward Kingsley Newman (1900–1989) was a British physician and medical school dean.