French ship Duc de Bourgogne (1751)

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Vue du Vaisseau du Roy le duc de Bourgogne btv1b8409221q.jpg
Launching of the Duc de Bourgogne
History
Flag of the Kingdom of France (1814-1830).svg Flag of French-Navy-Revolution.svg Civil and Naval Ensign of France.svg France
NameDuc de Bourgogne
Namesake Duke of Burgundy
BuilderRochefort [1]
Laid downJanuary 1749 [1]
Launched20 October 1751 [1]
CompletedDecember 1752 [1]
Renamed
  • Laid down as Brave [1]
  • renamed Peuple in September 1792
  • then Caton in February 1794
FateBroken up in 1800-1801
General characteristics
Displacement3,400 tons
Tons burthen1,800 tons (port)
Length56.52 m (185.4 ft)
Beam14.46 m (47.4 ft)
Draught7.15 m (23.5 ft)
Depth of hold7.31 m (24.0 ft)
Propulsionsail
Sail planfull rigged
Complement850, +8/14 officers
Armament
  • 80 guns
  • 30 36-pounder guns
  • 32 18-pounder guns
  • 18 8-pounder guns

The Duc de Bourgogne was an 80-gun ship of the line of the French Navy.

Career

She was refitted twice, in 1761 and 1779, when she received a copper sheathing. [1]

On 2 May 1780, [1] she departed Brest as the flagship of the 7-ship and 3-frigate Expédition Particulière under Admiral Ternay, escorting 36 transports carrying troops to support the Continental Army in the War of American Independence. The squadron comprised the 80-gun Duc de Bourgogne, under Ternay d'Arsac (admiral) and Médine (flag captain); the 74-gun Neptune, under Sochet Des Touches, and Conquérant, under La Grandière; and the 64-gun Provence under Lombard, Ardent under Bernard de Marigny, Jason under La Clocheterie and Éveillé under Le Gardeur de Tilly, and the frigates Surveillante under Villeneuve Cillart, Amazone under La Pérouse, and Bellone. [2] Amazone, which constituted the vanguard of the fleet, arrived at Boston on 11 June 1780. [3]

She took part in the Battle of Cape Henry on 16 March 1781 under Nicolas-Louis de Durfort. [4]

Duc de Bourgogne took part in the Battle of the Saintes, where she collided with Bourgogne. [5]

In 1792, she was renamed Peuple, and Caton in 1794. [1]

She was condemned in February 1798 at Brest, and eventually broken up in January 1800. [6]

Notes, citations, and references

Notes

    Citations

    1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Roche (2005), p. 159.
    2. Lacour-Gayet (1910), p. 645.
    3. Monaque (2000), p. 38.
    4. La Jonquière (1996), p. 95.
    5. "Histoire du vaisseau du Roi " La Bourgogne "". chez-alice.fr.
    6. "VAISSEAUX DE LIGNE FRANÇAIS DE 1682 À 1767". Archived from the original on 2008-12-10. Retrieved 2008-11-13.

    Bibliography

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