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|Publisher||Great Norwegian Encyclopedia Association (Foreningen Store norske leksikon)|
Store norske leksikon (Great Norwegian Encyclopedia), abbreviated SNL, is a Norwegian language online encyclopedia.
The online encyclopedia is among the most-read Norwegian published sites, with more than 2 million unique visitors per month.
The SNL was created in 1978, when the two publishing houses Aschehoug and Gyldendal merged their encyclopedias and created the company Kunnskapsforlaget.
Up until 1978 the two publishing houses of Aschehoug and Gyldendal, Norway's two largest, had published Aschehougs konversasjonsleksikon –1913 (Aschehoug) and 1933–1934 (Gyldendal).and Gyldendals konversasjonsleksikon , respectively. The respective first editions were published in 1907
The slump in sales for paperbased encyclopedias around the turn of the 21st century hit Kunnskapsforlaget hard, but a fourth edition of the paper encyclopedia was secured by a grant of 10 million Norwegian kroner from the foundation Fritt Ord in 2003. The fourth edition consisted of 16 volumes, a total of 12,000 pages and 280,000 entries.
The online edition of SNL was launched in 2000, and had both private and institutional subscribers. The paywall was removed on 25 February 2009, and the online encyclopedia became free to use.
On 12 March 2010, Kunnskapsforlaget announced that they would close the online encyclopedia because of lacklustre sales and failing revenue. It was also announced that the articles would not be given to the Wikimedia Foundation, with chief-editor Petter Henriksenstating that: "It is important that the people behind the articles remain visible".
In 2011, the foundations Fritt Ord and Sparebankstiftelsen DNB acquired the encyclopedia, hired Anne Marit Godal as the new chief editor and established a new organisation, assisted by the Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters and Norwegian Non-Fiction Writers and Translators Association.In 2014 the Great Norwegian Encyclopedia Association was established; the members of the association were all the Norwegian universities and other non profit organisations. In 2016 Erik Bolstad became the new chief editor.
As of 2019, the SNL has around 200,000 articles online, updated by approximately 800 affiliated academics. The SNL accepts contributions from users, but all changes to the articles are verified by a topic expert before publication.
Meland is a former municipality in the Nordhordland district in the old Hordaland county, Norway. The municipality existed from 1923 until its dissolution on 1 January 2020 when it was merged into the new Alver Municipality. The municipality was located about 30 minutes north of the city of Bergen in Western Norway. The island municipality was mostly located on the island of Holsnøy, where the administrative centre of Frekhaug is located. Other villages in Meland include Hjartås, Holme, Io, Krossneset, Meland, and Rossland.
Norsk biografisk leksikon is the largest Norwegian biographical encyclopedia.
Kunnskapsforlaget is a Norwegian publishing company based in Oslo.
Vinduet is a Norwegian literary magazine.
Anders Krogvig was a Norwegian librarian, writer, literary consultant and critic.
Thos. Joh. Heftye & Søn was a Norwegian bank company. It was one of the first commercial banks in Norway. Based in Christiania, it was founded in 1818 by Thomas Johannessen Heftye (1767–1827), an immigrant from Switzerland. The bank remained in the family in the next generations, and both Henrik Heftye and Thomas Johannessen Heftye worked there.
Edvard Freydar Beyer was a Norwegian literary historian, literary critic, and professor at the University of Oslo from 1958 to 1990.
Christian Michael Schibsted was a Norwegian printer and publisher, known for establishing Schibsted Forlag and Aftenposten.
Carl Oscar Munthe was a Norwegian military officer and historian.
Gerhard Peter Frantz Munthe was a Norwegian painter and illustrator.
Korsaren was a Norwegian satirical magazine published between 1879 and 1926.
Hartvig Andreas Munthe was a Norwegian military officer, engineer and genealogist.
Tidens Tegn is a former Norwegian newspaper, issued in Oslo from 1910 to 1941.
Waldemar Christofer Brøgger was a Norwegian novelist, journalist, translator and editor.
Preben Hempel Munthe was a Norwegian economist.
Arve Solstad was a Norwegian newspaper editor.
Øyvind Anker was a Norwegian librarian.
Ørebladet is a former Norwegian newspaper, issued from 1891 to 1924. Ørebladet became defunct in 1924, when it was incorporated in the newspaper Tidens Tegn.
Sigmund Strømme was a Norwegian literary scholar and publisher. He was born in Vardø to priest Sigvard Arnoldus Strømme and Helga Myhre, and was married to schoolteacher Inger-Johanne Hafsahl Karset. From 1955 he was assigned with the publishing house J. W. Cappelens Forlag, first as editor, from 1973 to 1987 as managing director (jointly with Jan Wiese, and then as chairman of the board from 1987 to 1997.