Guibert of Gembloux

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Saint Guibert (892 - 23 May 962) is the founder of Gembloux Abbey, in Gembloux (Namur, Belgium). He was canonized in 1211. Saint Guibert's Day is observed on 23 May.

Gembloux Abbey

Gembloux Abbey was a Benedictine abbey near the town of Gembloux in the province of Namur, Belgium.

Belgium Federal constitutional monarchy in Western Europe

Belgium, officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a country in Western Europe. It is bordered by the Netherlands to the north, Germany to the east, Luxembourg to the southeast, France to the southwest, and the North Sea to the northwest. It covers an area of 30,688 square kilometres (11,849 sq mi) and has a population of more than 11.4 million. The capital and largest city is Brussels; other major cities are Antwerp, Ghent, Charleroi and Liège.

Canonization act by which Churches declare that a person who has died was a saint

Canonization is the act by which a Christian church declares that a person who has died was a saint, upon which declaration the person is included in the "canon", or list, of recognized saints. Originally, a person was recognized as a saint without any formal process. Later, different processes were developed, such as those used today in the Roman Catholic Church, the Eastern Orthodox Church, Oriental Orthodox Church and the Anglican Communion.

Biography

An aristocrat from Lotharingia who had participated in several military campaigns, Guibert withdrew as a hermit on family property in Gembloux (formerly Gemblours) inherited from his father. In 936, with the support of Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor, he founded a fortified and almost independent monastery (having its own currency). [1] After his stay at Gorze Abbey in Lorraine, he came back with the Rule of Saint Benedict for his monastery of Gembloux and he established a monk of Gorze, Erluin, as the first abbot. The abbots were active in missionary work among the Hungarians and Slavs who stayed behind in the Duchy of Brabant after the invasion of 954. As for Guibert, he retired to Gorze, but, although longing for the solitariness of the monastic life, he often had to come back to Gembloux to defend the interests and the rights of his foundation (particularly against the count of Namur).

Lotharingia former medieval kingdom (855-959)

Lotharingia was a medieval successor kingdom of the Carolingian Empire, comprising the present-day Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, North Rhine-Westphalia (Germany), Rhineland-Palatinate (Germany), Saarland (Germany), and Lorraine (France). It was named after King Lothair II who received this territory after the kingdom of Middle Francia of his father Lothair I was divided among his sons in 855.

Hermit person who lives in seclusion from society

A hermit is a person who lives in seclusion from society, usually for religious reasons. Hermits are a part of several sections of Christianity, and the concept is found in other religions as well.

Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor German king and first emperor of the Ottonian empire

Otto I, traditionally known as Otto the Great, was German king from 936 and Holy Roman Emperor from 962 until his death in 973. He was the oldest son of Henry I the Fowler and Matilda.

When Guibert died, in 962, the monks of Gembloux came to take back the corpse of their founder from the Abbey of Gorze. After burying the entrails of Guibert at the Abbey of Gorze, they treated the corpse with salt and herbs to prevent its decomposition during transportation to the Abbey of Gembloux. [2]

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References

  1. Charter of Otto from 946 edited and translated by Corpus étampois.
  2. Michel Lauwers, La Mémoire des ancêtres, le souci des morts. Morts, rites et société au Moyen Âge. Paris Beauchesne, 1997. p.255.