This article relies largely or entirely on a single source . (July 2020)
HM Prison Rochester, former Borstal Prison
|Security class||C Cat Adult|
|Population||620(as of May 2009)|
|Managed by||HM Prison Services|
|Website||Rochester at justice.gov.uk|
HM Prison Rochester (formerly known as Borstal Prison) is a male Young Offenders Institution, founded in 1870, and located in the Borstal area of Rochester in Kent, England. The prison is operated by Her Majesty's Prison Service, and is located next to HMP Cookham Wood.
HMP Rochester was founded in 1870 as Borstal Prison, which was a large convict prison. Borstal Prison was then an experimental juvenile prison of the reformatory type set up in 1902. Because it was the first detention centre of its kind in the UK, the word "Borstal" became synonymous with other detention centres for youths across the country, and elsewhere. [ citation needed ]
The institution remained as a Borstal school until 1983, when it was converted into a Youth Custody Centre and renamed 'Rochester'. [ citation needed ]
In 1988, the prison changed its role to operate as a remand centre for the Kent courts and sentenced category C and D adult males. Rochester then became a mixed site prison for immigration detainees and a resettlement unit for adult male prisoners. The prison also operated as a remand and allocation centre for males under the age of 21. [ citation needed ]
In January 2002, Rochester re-rolled to a prison solely for sentenced young men up to the age of 21.
In March 2003, Rochester Prison was criticised by its own Board of Visitors. The Board stated that there were few useful employment or educational opportunities for inmates, and so therefore they had few chances to gain qualifications or work experience.
In August 2006, an inspection report from Her Majesty's Chief Inspector of Prisons declared that Rochester Prison was improving, but still had a number of unresolved issues. Inspectors found that HMP Rochester was generally safe, and had good staff-prisoner relations. However the prison was called on to do more to provide work for inmates, and to do more to combat bullying.
In March 2007, it was announced that the capacity of Rochester Prison was to be doubled to 700. This drew severe opposition from local residents.Construction had briefly begun in March 2007, but was on hold pending permission from Medway council, the local planning authority. This was granted, and in September 2008 a further four accommodation units were constructed at the site.
Rochester holds convicted, sentenced adults serving less than four years. Accommodation at the prison comprises a mixture of single- and double-accommodation cells.
The prison offers offending behaviour courses, education, drug rehabilitation, NVQ-based work placements, weekend and evening association with access to gym- and sports-related activities. Various chapel-based courses are also available to inmates.
Her Majesty's Young Offender Institution (HMYOI) Aylesbury is a Young Offender Institution situated in Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire, England. It is located on the north side of the town centre, on Bierton Road and is operated by Her Majesty's Prison Service.
Her Majesty's Young Offender Institution is a type of prison in Great Britain, intended for offenders aged between 18 and 20, although some prisons cater for younger offenders from ages 15 to 17, who are classed as juvenile offenders. Typically those aged under 15 will be held in a Secure Children's Home and those over 15 will be held in either a Young Offender Institution or Secure Training Centre. Generally a young offender is regarded as such until the date of their 21st or 22nd birthday, whereupon he or she will be sent to an adult prison or can remain in the YOI until they turn 22 if deemed appropriate.
HM Prison Cookham Wood is a male juveniles' prison and Young Offenders Institution in the village of Borstal in Kent, England. The prison is operated by Her Majesty's Prison Service.
Feltham Young Offenders Institution is a prison for male juveniles and Young Offenders Institution, occupying 0.184 square kilometres south-west of Feltham in the London Borough of Hounslow, in west London, England. It is operated by Her Majesty's Prison Service.
HM Prison Downview is a women's closed category prison. Downview is located on the outskirts of Banstead in Surrey, England, and is immediately adjacent to the southern boundary of Belmont in Greater London. The prison is operated by Her Majesty's Prison Service, and is situated in proximity to High Down Prison for men.
HM Prison Low Newton is a Closed prison for female adults and young offenders. The prison is located in the village of Brasside in County Durham, England. Low Newton is operated by Her Majesty's Prison Service. The prison is located next to HMP Frankland, the Category A adult male prison. The prison has housed child killer Rosemary West and has also housed serial killer Joanna Dennehy.
HM Prison Kirklevington Grange is a Category D men's prison,and young offenders institute located in the village of Kirklevington, in North Yorkshire, England. The prison is operated by Her Majesty's Prison Service.
HM Prison Usk is a Category C men's prison, located in Maryport Street in Usk, Monmouthshire, Wales. The prison is operated by Her Majesty's Prison Service, and jointly managed with the nearby HMP Prescoed.
HM Prison Onley is a Category C men's prison, operated by Her Majesty's Prison Service. The prison is named after the lost village of Onley, which is located next to the prison.
HM Prison Altcourse is a Category B men's private prison and Young Offender Institution in the Fazakerley area of Liverpool in Merseyside, England. The prison is operated by G4S.
HM Prison Brixton is a local men's prison, located in Brixton area of the London Borough of Lambeth, in inner-South London. The prison is operated by Her Majesty's Prison Service.
HMP Maghaberry was built on the site of RAF Maghaberry, a World War II airfield near Lisburn, Northern Ireland, which was used as a flying station by the Royal Air Force and also as a transit airfield for the United States Army Air Forces. At the end of the war, the airfield was run down and various government agencies used parts of the old airfield until the Northern Ireland Office began work on the prison in 1976.
HM Prison Glen Parva was an adult male prison and Young Offenders Institution, located in Glen Parva, Leicestershire, England. Glen Parva was operated by Her Majesty's Prison Service.
HM Prison Lancaster Farms is a category C male prison, located on the outskirts of Lancaster, Lancashire, England. The prison is operated by Her Majesty's Prison Service, and is part of the HMP North Lancashire and Cumbria Estate.
HM Prison Ashfield is an adult male sex offenders prison located in the village of Pucklechurch, in Gloucestershire, England. The prison is operated by Serco.
HM Prison Huntercombe is a Category C men's prison, located near Nuffield in Oxfordshire, England. Huntercombe is operated by Her Majesty's Prison Service.
HM Prison Hindley is a male prison , located in the village of Bickershaw in Greater Manchester, England. Hindley is operated by Her Majesty's Prison Service.
HM Prison Littlehey is a Category C male prison in the village of Perry near Huntingdon in Cambridgeshire, England. Littlehey Prison is operated by Her Majesty's Prison Service.The Prison only holds those that have been convicted of a sexual offence.
HM Prison Prescoed is a Category D men's open prison, located in Coed-y-paen, three miles from Usk in Monmouthshire, Wales. Prescoed is operated by Her Majesty's Prison Service, and acts as a satellite prison of the nearby HMP Usk.
HM Prison Risley is a Category C men's prison, located in the Risley area of Warrington, Cheshire, England. The prison is operated by Her Majesty's Prison Service.