Hercules Engine Company

Last updated
Hercules Engine Corporation
Founded1915 in Canton, Ohio, United States (106 years ago)
Defunct1999 (22 years ago)
ProductsGasoline and Diesel Engines

Hercules Engine Corporation was an American engine manufacturer located in Canton, Ohio.



The company was founded in 1915, known at first as Hercules Motor Manufacturing Company, to build industrial engines, especially for trucks. [1] [2] The company reincorporated and reorganized in 1923, emerging as Hercules Motors Corporation. Hercules expanded greatly in the interwar period, developing gas and diesel engines, serving the needs for truck, tractor and a plethora of equipment operators.

During World War II the company produced about 750,000 gasoline and diesel engines for Allied military vehicles, ships, and various equipment. [3] But Hercules could not respond effectively to changes in the post-WWII engine market, so WWII remained its high water mark in terms of output, earnings and profits.

In 1961 Cleveland-based Hupp Corp. purchased Hercules but failed to grow it substantially. But it did turn the focus to building engines for military applications as a means to keep the doors open. White Truck Corp., also based in Cleveland, purchased Hupp in 1967. White Truck was a huge and growing firm at the time (about $1 billion in sales) and it laid out ambitious plans for Hercules expansion, beginning product development and construction of a new plant in Canton. Hercules became known as White Engine at this point. This new trajectory for Hercules was short lived, however, with a rapid decline in White's fortunes, leaving Hercules little changed. White sold Hercules to Wedtech in 1986, which held the engine maker only briefly, before selling to a group of investors the next year. Significant here with the new owners was the recovery of its old name – Hercules. Kept afloat by securing a string of contracts for military trucks at home and abroad, plus a limited number of engine sales to equipment makers (such as lift trucks), Hercules Engine limped along, posting uneven financial numbers. By the 1990s its cash flow was precarious and military contracts dried up, leading to speculation for years that the company would fold. At the time of its closure in 1999, [4] the company occupied a 26-acre site at 101 Eleventh St. SE in Canton, with over 600,000 square feet of industrial space. [5]


ModelDisplacementFuelPowerTorqueUsed in
DFXE 855 cu in (14.0 L)Diesel201 hp (150 kW)685 lbf⋅ft (929 N⋅m) Diamond T 980/981 [6]
HXC855 cu in (14.0 L)Gasoline202 hp (151 kW)642 lbf⋅ft (870 N⋅m) 6-ton 6x6 truck [7]
JXD320 cu in (5.2 L)Gasoline86 hp (64 kW)200 lbf⋅ft (271 N⋅m) Studebaker US6 [8]
L142142 cu in (2.3 L)Gasoline71 hp (53 kW)128 lbf⋅ft (174 N⋅m) M151 series [9]
LDT-465478 cu in (7.8 L)Multifuel130 hp (97 kW)305 lbf⋅ft (414 N⋅m) M35 series [10]
RXC529 cu in (8.7 L)Gasoline112 hp (84 kW)368 lbf⋅ft (499 N⋅m) Autocar U8144T 5- to 6-ton 4x4_truck [11]
Four UK sailors studying a Hercules engine UK Sailors at Hercules Motors Corporation.png
Four UK sailors studying a Hercules engine

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  1. United States. Congress. House. Committee on Appropriations. Subcommittee on Department of the Interior and Related Agencies (1994). Department of the Interior and Related Agencies Appropriations for 1995: Public witnesses for energy programs. U.S. Government Printing Office.
  2. Rink, Matthew. "Canton to invest $3 million in Hercules site".
  3. "A Brief History of Hercules Engines".
  4. "Hercules Engines, Abandoned, Canton, Ohio – Kadist". kadist.org.
  5. Miller, M. "Overhaul at Canton plant".
  6. TM 9-768...M19 (PDF). US Army. 1944. pp. 367–160. Retrieved 18 Jun 2019.
  7. TM 9-813...(White, Corbitt, and Brockway) (PDF). US Army. 1944. Retrieved 26 Jun 2019.
  8. TM 9-807...(Studebaker US6) (PDF). US Army. 1943. pp. 138–156. Retrieved 18 Jun 2019.
  9. TM 9-2320-218-34-1...(M151 series) (PDF). US Army. 1982. pp. 3-1–3-181. Retrieved 18 Jun 2019.
  10. TM 9-2815-210-34-2-1...(Multifuel) (PDF). US Army. 1981. Retrieved 18 Jun 2019.
  11. TM 9-817...(Autocar U8144T) (PDF). US Army. 1944. pp. 115–141. Retrieved 26 Jun 2019.