House Mill

Last updated
The House Mill from the mill basin. House Mill Three Mills Bromley-By-Bow.jpg
The House Mill from the mill basin.

House Mill as seen from Sugar House Island Three Mills area House Mill.jpg
House Mill as seen from Sugar House Island
The House Mill interior. The House Mill Interior.jpg
The House Mill interior.

The House Mill is a major Grade I listed building [1] on the River Lea in Mill Meads, and part of the Three Mills complex. The original tidal mills at this site date back to the Domesday book of 1086, and the present structure of the House Mill was built in 1776 by Daniel Bisson. It was damaged by fire in 1802, and then rebuilt by Philip Metcalfe. [2]

Contents

It is one of only four Grade I listed buildings [3] in the London Borough of Newham. The House Mill remains the "largest tidal mill standing in Britain", [4] although the water wheels are not in operation.

The south facade of the House Mill displays a coat of arms dated 1776 and the initials "D S B" (which could be Daniel and Sarah Bisson), with forty cast iron wall plates which tie the ends of the floor beams.

The Miller's House was rebuilt in 1995 with a modern interior, but retaining the original facade. The Miller's House and a house on the other side of the House Mill were originally built for the Miller and his family. A Second World War bomb landed on a nearby bonded warehouse and damaged both houses on 15 October 1940 which were later demolished. The Mill stopped operating and was used as a warehouse. [5]

Publications

House Mill facade on Three Mill Lane Three Mills, Stratford.jpg
House Mill facade on Three Mill Lane

The following are research papers published by the House Mill (River Lea Tidal Mill Trust Ltd).

Notes

  1. Historic Buildings in Newham
  2. Philip Metcalfe (1733–1818), the MP and industrialist who built the Clock Mill by Keith Fairclough (2003)
  3. Listed Buildings of Local and National Importance London Borough of Newham
  4. Three Mills Island Lee Valley Regional Park Authority
  5. House Mill Tour guide notes
House Mill view from a distance.jpg

Coordinates: 51°31′39″N0°00′28″W / 51.5274°N 0.0079°W / 51.5274; -0.0079

Related Research Articles

Stratford, London Human settlement in England

Stratford is a town in East London, England, within the London Borough of Newham. Part of the Lower Lea Valley, Stratford is situated 6 miles (10 km) east-northeast of Charing Cross, and includes the localities of Maryland, East Village, Mill Meads and Stratford City.

London Borough of Newham Borough of London, England

The London Borough of Newham is a London borough created in 1965 by the London Government Act 1963. It covers an area previously administered by the Essex county boroughs of West Ham and East Ham, authorities that were both abolished by the same act. The name Newham reflects its creation and combines the compass points of the old borough names. Situated on the borders of inner and outer East London, Newham has a population of 353,134, which is the third highest of the London boroughs and also makes it the 20th most populous district in England. The local authority is Newham London Borough Council.

Philip Hardwick English architect

Philip Hardwick was an English architect, particularly associated with railway stations and warehouses in London and elsewhere. Hardwick is probably best known for London's demolished Euston Arch and its twin station, the original Birmingham Curzon Street, which stands today as the oldest railway terminus building in the world.

Bow Creek (London)

Bow Creek is a 2.25-mile (3.6 km) long tidal estuary of the English River Lea and is part of the Bow Back Rivers. Below Bow Locks the creek forms the boundary between the London Boroughs of Newham and Tower Hamlets, in East London.

Bow Back Rivers Waterways in east London

Bow Back Rivers or Stratford Back Rivers is a complex of waterways between Bow and Stratford in east London, England, which connect the River Lea to the River Thames. Starting in the twelfth century, works were carried out to drain Stratford Marshes and several of the waterways were constructed to power watermills. Bow Creek provided the final outfall to the Thames, and the other channels were called Abbey Creek, Channelsea River, City Mill River, Prescott Channel, Pudding Mill River, Saint Thomas Creek, Three Mills Back River, Three Mills Wall River and Waterworks River.

Three Mills Human settlement in England

The Three Mills are former working mills and an island of the same name on the River Lea. It is one of London’s oldest extant industrial centres. The mills lie in the London Borough of Newham; and, despite lying on the Newham side of the Lea, access is principally from the western, London Borough of Tower Hamlets, side of the river.

Lower Lea Valley

The Lower Lea Valley is the southern end of the Lea Valley which surrounds the River Lea. It is part of the Thames Gateway redevelopment area and was the location of the 2012 Summer Olympics.

Temple Mills Human settlement in England

Temple Mills is a district located on the boundary of the London boroughs of Newham and Waltham Forest, with a small part also in Hackney in east London.

Philip Metcalfe 18th/19th-century English politician, distiller, and philanthropist

Philip Metcalfe,, , was an English Tory politician, a malt distiller and a philanthropist.

Beehive Mill Cotton mill in Ancoats, Manchester, England

Beehive Mill is a Grade II* listed former cotton mill in the district of Ancoats, Greater Manchester, England. It is located at on a site surrounded by Radium Street, Jersey Street, Bengal Street and Naval Street.

Three Mills Wall River Weir Weir on the Bow Back Rivers in London, England

Three Mills Wall River Weir is a weir on the Bow Back Rivers, in Mill Meads in the London Borough of Newham, England, near to Three Mills. It was built in 2009, when the Bow Back Rivers were refurbished to make them a key feature of the Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park, and maintains water levels through much of the park in conjunction with the Three Mills Lock and sluice on the Prescott Channel.

Hackney Cut

The Hackney Cut is an artificial channel of the Lee Navigation built in England in 1769 by the River Lea Trustees to straighten and improve the Navigation. It begins at the Middlesex Filter Beds Weir, below Lea Bridge, and is situated in the (modern) London Borough of Hackney. When built it contained two pound locks and a half-lock, but was rebuilt to handle larger barges in the 1850s, and now only Old Ford Lock, which is actually a duplicated pair, remains.

Carpenters Road Lock

Carpenter's Road Lock is a rising radial lock in the London Borough of Newham, near Marshgate Lane in Stratford, England. It is located on the Bow Back Rivers and was constructed in 1933/34. It is the only lock in Britain with rising radial gates at both ends. British Waterways were hoping to restore it as part of the upgrade to Bow Back Rivers which took place for the 2012 Summer Olympics, but the gantries which enabled the gates to be raised were demolished to accommodate a wide bridge giving access to the main stadium. After the Games, most of the overbridge was removed. Funding for the restoration of the lock was in place by early 2016, and it is expected to be brought back into use in 2017.

J&W Nicholson & Co was a London-based wine and spirits company founded by two brothers from the famous Nicholson gin family: John Nicholson (1778-1846) and William Nicholson (1780-1857) based in Clerkenwell.

Mill Meads Human settlement in England

Mill Meads is an area in the borough of Newham in east London, located on the border with Tower Hamlets.

Millennium Mills Derelict former mill in London

The Millennium Mills is a derelict turn of the 20th century flour mill in West Silvertown on the south side of the Royal Victoria Dock, between the Thames Barrier and the ExCeL London exhibition centre alongside the newly built Britannia village, in Newham, London, England. The Mills are currently undergoing a major renovation as part of a £3.5billion redevelopment of Silvertown.

Three Mills Residential Moorings

Three Mills Residential Moorings is a community of twenty residential narrowboats moored on the Three Mills Wall River Weir near Three Mills in Mill Meads.

The Abbey Mill was a medieval tidal watermill in West Ham, London, dating back to at least the 12th century. It was sited on Channelsea Island in the Channelsea River in the London Borough of Newham. It was one of the eight watermills on the River Lea recorded in the Domesday Book.

Harringtons Buildings

Harrington's Buildings is a heritage-listed hotel and former offices and store located at 53 – 65 George Street in the inner city Sydney suburb of The Rocks in the City of Sydney local government area of New South Wales, Australia. It was built from 1924 to 1925 by Concrete Constructions Limited. It is also known as Old Sydney Holiday Inn and Old Sydney Park Royal Hotel. The property is owned by Property NSW, an agency of the Government of New South Wales. It was added to the New South Wales State Heritage Register on 10 May 2002.