Integrated Bar of the Philippines

Last updated
Integrated Bar of the Philippines
Pinagsamang mga Abogasya ng Pilipinas
Integrated Bar of the Philippines (IBP).svg
Integrated Bar of the Philippines logo
Formation1973
Type Bar association
Headquarters Julia Vargas Avenue, Ortigas Center, Pasig
Location
Membership
40,000
Official language
Filipino  ; English
National President
Domingo Egon Q. Cayosa
Website www.ibp.ph

The Integrated Bar of the Philippines (IBP) is the national organization of lawyers in the Philippines. It is the mandatory bar association for Filipino lawyers.

Contents

History

The IBP was established as an official organization for the legal profession by Republic Act No. 6397. The law confirmed the constitutional power of the Philippine Supreme Court to adopt rules for the integration of the Philippine Bar. Consequently, Presidential Decree 181 constituted the IBP into a corporate body in 1973.

On January 9, 1973, the Supreme Court ordained the integration of the Philippine Bar. [1] The IBP Constitution and By-Laws shortly followed. [2]

Then recently retired Supreme Court Associate Justice J.B.L. Reyes was named as the first Chairman of the IBP in 1973. He served in that capacity until 1975, and was the Chairman emeritus for the remainder of his life. Reyes had been a longtime proponent of bar integration in the Philippines.

Organizational structure

The IBP is administered by a Governing Board consisting of nine Governors representing the nine regions of the IBP. The Governing Board elects the IBP National President and IBP Executive Vice President from among themselves or from outside the Board. [3]

The IBP House of Delegates decide on important matters. The chamber is composed of not more than one-hundred-twenty (120) members apportioned among all IBP Chapters in major cities throughout the country. Every two years, the IBP Governing Board makes a reappointment of delegates among all IBP chapters. [4]

Membership

The IBP Constitution and By-Laws considers the following, "automatically and without exception," as members of the IBP: [5]

There are currently about forty-thousand (40,000) living attorneys who comprise the IBP. [6]

These are the attorneys whose names appear in the Rolls of Attorneys of the Supreme Court. They have qualified for and have passed the Philippine Bar Examination conducted annually, and have taken the attorney’s oath, unless otherwise disbarred.

Membership in the IBP is compulsory for all lawyers in the country. The Philippine Supreme Court has required all lawyers to indicate their Roll of Attorneys Number in all papers and pleadings filed in judicial and quasi-judicial bodies in addition to the previously required current Professional Tax Receipt (PTR) and IBP Official Receipt or Life Member Number. [7]

Notable projects

The IBP has been active in safeguarding the integrity of the bar exams; promoting ethical practices of lawyers, judges, lawyer-politicians, and lawyer-government officials; refraining from any partisan political activity especially during local and national elections; developing legal education and research in law schools and continuing legal education centers; and expanding legal aid offices throughout the country to provide free legal services to indigent Filipinos. [2]

The IBP National Committee on Bar Discipline is the special group monitoring and upholding ethical practices in the profession. [8]

The IBP National Committee on Legal Aid is the ad hoc committee for establishing and maintaining suitable legal aid offices in all IBP Chapters nationwide. [8]

Protests and marches against Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo

On December 20, 2007, the Integrated Bar of the Philippines (thru IBP president Feliciano Bautista and all the 9 members of the IBP Board of Governors - IBP governors Abelardo Estrada, Ernesto Gonzales Jr, Marcial Magsino, Bonifacio Barandon Jr, Evergisto Escalon, Raymond Jorge Mercado, Ramon Edison Batacan and Carlos Valdez Jr.) affirmed their published statement that it "is prepared to stage street protests to express the "growing anger" of lawyers over controversies pestering the Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo's administration; we are ready. If we have to go to the streets we'll do it. We can't remain silent and neutral." [9]

Integrated Bar of the Philippines (48,000 members in 83 chapters nationwide) president Feliciano Bautista informed Newsbreak newspaper that the bribery expose of Governor Eddie Panlilio triggered hitting the “culture of corruption” in the Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo administration. The statement of concern advertisement was published in the Philippine Daily Inquirer on December 17 and in Philippine Star on December 20. IBP called for 3 courses of action: a) "prosecution of cases against corrupt government officials, b) continued Senate investigation on alleged corruption in government contracts, and c) filing of an impeachment case against President Arroyo." IBP also held the government responsible for widespread smuggling activities, extrajudicial killings, forced disappearances, and ghost projects. It called on the House of Representatives to endorse the impeachment complaint against President Arroyo and admonished the Senate to continue probes on government anomalies. In March 2006, the IBP, for the first time, organized its lawyers in a street protest against President Arroyo’s Proclamation 1017. [10]

See also

Related Research Articles

Gloria Macapagal Arroyo The 14th President of the Philippines from 2001 to 2010

Maria Gloria Macaraeg Macapagal Arroyo, often referred to by her initials GMA, is a Filipino academic and politician who served as the 14th president of the Philippines from 2001 until 2010. Before her accession to the presidency, she served as the 10th vice president of the Philippines from 1998 to 2001, and was a senator from 1992 to 1998. After her presidency, she was elected as the representative of Pampanga's 2nd district in 2010 and later became the Speaker of the House of Representatives from 2018 until her retirement in 2019. She is the first woman to hold two of the highest offices in the country: Vice President and Speaker of the House.

Supreme Court of the Philippines Highest court in the Philippines

The Supreme Court is the highest court in the Philippines. The Supreme Court was established by the Second Philippine Commission on June 11, 1901 through the enactment of its Act No. 136, an Act which abolished the Real Audiencia de Manila, the predecessor of the Supreme Court.

Artemio Panganiban

Artemio Villaseñor Panganiban Jr. is a Filipino jurist. He served as the 21st Supreme Court Chief Justice of the Philippines from 2005 to 2006.

Executive Order No. 464 is a controversial executive order issued in the Philippines on September 26, 2005 by President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo that prevents cabinet members, police and military generals, senior national security officials, and "such other officers as may be determined by the President" to attend congressional hearings unless the President gives permission to those who will attend the said proceedings.

Judicial and Bar Council

The Judicial and Bar Council of the Philippines is a constitutionally-created body that recommends appointees for vacancies that may arise in the composition of the Supreme Court, other lower courts, and the Legal Education Board, and in the offices of the Ombudsman, Deputy Ombudsman and the Special Prosecutor.

Renato Corona

Renato Tirso Antonio Coronado Corona was the 23rd Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines. He served as an Associate Justice after being appointed by President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo on April 9, 2002 and later as Chief Justice on May 12, 2010 upon the retirement of Chief Justice Reynato Puno.

Presbitero Velasco Jr.

Presbitero Jose Velasco Jr. is the incumbent Governor of Marinduque and was a former Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines. He was appointed to the Supreme Court by President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo on March 31, 2006.

Cancio Garcia

Cancio C. Garcia was a Filipino lawyer and jurist who served as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines. He was appointed to the Court on October 6, 2004 by President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo and retired on October 19, 2007.

Maria Alicia Austria-Martinez is a Filipino jurist who served as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines from 2002 to 2009. She was appointed to the Court by President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo on April 12, 2002.

Continuing legal education is required of members of the Integrated Bar of the Philippines (IBP) to ensure that throughout their career, they keep abreast with law and jurisprudence, maintain the ethics of the profession and enhance the standards of the practice of law.

Legal education in the Philippines is developed and offered by Philippine law schools, supervised by the Legal Education Board. Previously, the Commission on Higher Education supervises the legal education in the Philippines but was replaced by the Legal Education Board since 1993 after the enactment of Republic Act No. 7662 or the Legal Education Reform Act of 1993.

Arturo Brion

Arturo Dizon Brion is a former Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines. He took his oath as a member of the Supreme Court on March 17, 2008. From 2006 until his appointment to the Supreme Court, Brion served in the Cabinet of President Macapagal-Arroyo as the Secretary of the Department of Labor and Employment (DOLE).

Gregory Santos Ong is a Filipino jurist and a former Justice of the Sandiganbayan. He was initially appointed as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines by President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo on May 16, 2007, but his appointment was subsequently withdrawn after questions arose whether he met the constitutional requirement of natural-born citizenship. On September 23, 2014, he was found guilty of gross misconduct, dishonesty and impropriety and was subsequently dismissed from his position as Justice of the Sandiganbayan by the Supreme Court of the Philippines as a result of an investigation linking him to pork barrel scam mastermind Janet Lim-Napoles.

Simeon V. Marcelo

Simeon V. Marcelo is a Filipino lawyer and was the third Ombudsman of the Philippines. As the Ombudsman, he acted as protector of the people against the illegal and unjust acts of those who are in the public service. He investigated government officials, including members of the police and the military, who were suspected of committing graft and corruption. Notably, he served as the principal private prosecutor in the impeachment case of Former President Joseph Estrada, the 13th President of the Republic of the Philippines. After 3 years as Ombudsman, he resigned due to serious health problems. He was then replaced by Ma. Merceditas N. Gutierrez.

Lucas Bersamin Filipino Judge and SSS Chairman

Lucas Purugganan Bersamin is the incumbent chairperson of the Government Service Insurance System and a member of its board of trustees. He was the 25th Chief Justice of the Philippine Supreme Court, the highest court in the Philippines. He was named by then President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo to the High Court as an Associate Justice on April 2, 2009. Prior to becoming an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court, he was a member of the Court of Appeals.

Dennis B. Funa

Dennis B. Funa is a Filipino lawyer, businessman, public official, law book author, professor of law, constitutionalist, and the current Commissioner of the Philippines' Insurance Commission. As a Filipino lawyer, he is the managing partner of a Metro Manila based law firm. He has served the Philippine government from 1992 to 1998, and 2013 to the present in various capacities.

Neri Colmenares

Neri Javier Colmenares is a human rights lawyer and activist. He was an associate of the Asian Law Centre at Melbourne Law School when he was completing his Ph.D. in law on "The Writ of Amparo and the International Criminal Court." He also lectured at the University of Melbourne on International Human Rights Law and the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court.

Chel Diokno Filipino lawyer

Jose Manuel "Chel" Icasiano Diokno, J.D. is a Filipino lawyer, educator, and advocate. He serves as chairman of the Free Legal Assistance Group (FLAG) and the founding dean of the De La Salle University College of Law. He had served as special counsel of the Senate Blue Ribbon Committee.

Eugene A. Tan

Eugene Alvarez Tan (1943–1994) was a Filipino human rights lawyer, author, and professor of law. He was murdered in 1994.

Nilo Divina is a Filipino lawyer, professor, author, and educational administrator. He is the founding and managing partner of Divina Law, a law firm in the Philippines based in Makati. He is President of the Philippine Association of Law Schools.

References

  1. Per Curiam Resolution of the Supreme Court of the Philippines. January 9, 1973.
  2. 1 2 IBP History, IBP National Headquarters, Pasig, Philippines. June 2007.
  3. Section 37, Article VI, IBP Constitution and By-Laws, 1973.
  4. Sections 30-31, Article V, IBP Constitution and By-Laws, 1973.
  5. Section 18, Article II, IBP Constitution and By-Laws, 1973.
  6. Milagros Santos-Ong, Office of the Director of Library Services, Supreme Court of the Philippines. May 2006.
  7. Supreme Court En Banc Resolution dated November 12, 2002 (Bar Matter No. 1132) and amended by resolution Court En Banc dated April 1, 2003 (Bar Matter No.. 112-2002).
  8. 1 2 IBP Projects, IBP National Headquarters, Pasig, Philippines. June 2007.
  9. GMA NEWS.TV, RP lawyers ready to launch protest marches vs Arroyo
  10. newsbreak.com.ph, Panlilio’s Expose Triggered Lawyers’ Ad Against Corruption