Jamie-Lynn Sigler

Last updated

Jamie-Lynn Sigler
Jamie-Lynn Sigler NYC.jpg
Sigler in November 2007
Born (1981-05-15) May 15, 1981 (age 37)
OccupationActress, singer
Years active1997–present
Spouse(s)
A. J. DiScala
(m. 2003;div. 2006)

Cutter Dykstra
(m. 2016)
Children2

Jamie-Lynn Sigler (born May 15, 1981) is an American actress and singer. She is best known for her role as Meadow Soprano on the HBO series The Sopranos .

Meadow Soprano fictional human

Meadow Mariangela Soprano, played by Jamie-Lynn Sigler, is a fictional character on the HBO TV series The Sopranos. In the early seasons, Meadow is shown as a smart, spoiled, party-goer, over-dramatic, in-denial, and in some ways, a troubled kid. In the later seasons, she would later learn the consequences and reality of life, money, education, politics, and relationships. Her little brother, A. J., would later go through all these phases as he gets older.

HBO American pay television network

HBO is an American premium cable and satellite television network owned by the namesake unit Home Box Office, Inc., a division of AT&T's WarnerMedia. The program which featured on the network consists primarily of theatrically released motion pictures and original television shows, along with made-for-cable movies, documentaries and occasional comedy and concert specials.

<i>The Sopranos</i> American television series

The Sopranos is an American crime drama television series created by David Chase. The story revolves around Tony Soprano, a New Jersey-based Italian-American mobster, and portrays the difficulties that he faces as he tries to balance his family life with his role as the leader of a criminal organization. These are explored during his therapy sessions with psychiatrist Jennifer Melfi. The series features Tony's family members, mafia colleagues, and rivals in prominent roles—most notably his wife, Carmela, and his protégé/distant cousin, Christopher Moltisanti.

Contents

Early life

Jamie-Lynn Sigler was born in Jericho, New York, on May 15, 1981, [1] the daughter of Steve and Connie Sigler. She has two brothers named Adam (died November 2014) and Brian. [1] Her father was the founder of the Men's Senior Baseball League. Sigler is of Greek-Jewish, Romanian-Jewish, and Sephardi-Jewish descent through her father, while her mother is Cuban and was raised Catholic, later converting to Judaism upon marrying Sigler's father. [2] Sigler began acting and singing at the age of seven. She went to Hebrew school and had a bat mitzvah. [3] She attended Jericho High School [4] and studied at the Cultural Arts Playhouse in Old Bethpage, New York. [4]

Jericho, New York Hamlet and census-designated place in New York, United States

Jericho is a hamlet and census-designated place (CDP) in Nassau County, New York on the North Shore of Long Island, about 29 miles (47 km) east of Midtown Manhattan.

The Men’s Senior Baseball League (MSBL)/Men’s Adult Baseball League (MABL) is a national organization in the United States, with 325 local affiliates, 3,200 teams, and 45,000 members who play organized amateur baseball in local leagues, 30 regional tournaments and six national tournaments.

Conversion to Judaism

Conversion to Judaism is the religious conversion of non-Jews to become members of the Jewish religion and Jewish ethnoreligious community. The procedure and requirements for conversion depend on the sponsoring denomination. A conversion in accordance with the process of a denomination is not a guarantee of recognition by another denomination. A formal conversion is also sometimes undertaken by individuals whose Jewish ancestry is questioned, even if they were raised Jewish, but may not actually be considered Jews according to traditional Jewish law.

Career

Acting

In 1997, Sigler was cast as Meadow Soprano, daughter of New Jersey mob boss Tony Soprano. [5] The show premiered in 1999 and became a huge success, catapulting Sigler to fame as a TV actress. She continued to play the role through the series finale in 2007. [6] [7]

New Jersey State of the United States of America

New Jersey is a state in the Mid-Atlantic and Northeastern regions of the United States. It is located on a peninsula, bordered on the north and east by the state of New York, particularly along the extent of the length of New York City on its western edge; on the east, southeast, and south by the Atlantic Ocean; on the west by the Delaware River and Pennsylvania; and on the southwest by the Delaware Bay and Delaware. New Jersey is the fourth-smallest state by area but the 11th-most populous, with 9 million residents as of 2017, and the most densely populated of the 50 U.S. states; its biggest city is Newark. New Jersey lies completely within the combined statistical areas of New York City and Philadelphia. New Jersey was the second-wealthiest U.S. state by median household income as of 2017.

Tony Soprano fictional human

Anthony John Soprano is a fictional character and the protagonist in the HBO television drama series The Sopranos (1999–2007), portrayed by James Gandolfini. Usually referred to as Tony, the Italian-American character was conceived by Sopranos creator and showrunner David Chase, who was also largely responsible for the character's story arc throughout the show's six seasons. The character is loosely based on real-life New Jersey mobster Vincent "Vinny Ocean" Palermo, a former caporegime (capo) and de facto boss of the DeCavalcante crime family. Bobby Boriello and Mark Damiano II portrayed Soprano as a child in one episode each; Danny Petrillo played the character as a teenager in three episodes.

In 2000, while filming Campfire Stories in Hamburg, New Jersey, Sigler was paralyzed from the waist down for several days by Lyme disease. [8] Sigler played the title role in Cinderella on tour and at The Theatre at Madison Square Garden in 2001. [9] She then spent five months on Broadway from October 2002 through February 2003 playing Belle in Beauty and the Beast . She has continued to appear in theatrical roles.

Hamburg, New Jersey Borough in New Jersey, United States

Hamburg is a borough in Sussex County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 3,277, reflecting an increase of 172 (+5.5%) from the 3,105 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 539 (+21.0%) from the 2,566 counted in the 1990 Census.

Lyme disease infectious disease caused by Borrelia bacteria, spread by ticks

Lyme disease, also known as Lyme borreliosis, is an infectious disease caused by a bacterium named Borrelia spread by ticks. The most common sign of infection is an expanding area of redness on the skin, known as erythema migrans, that appears at the site of the tick bite about a week after it occurred. The rash is typically neither itchy nor painful. Approximately 70–80% of infected people develop a rash. Other early symptoms may include fever, headache and tiredness. If untreated, symptoms may include loss of the ability to move one or both sides of the face, joint pains, severe headaches with neck stiffness, or heart palpitations, among others. Months to years later, repeated episodes of joint pain and swelling may occur. Occasionally, people develop shooting pains or tingling in their arms and legs. Despite appropriate treatment, about 10 to 20% of people develop joint pains, memory problems, and tiredness for at least six months.

<i>Cinderella</i> (musical) musical written for television, with music by Richard Rodgers and a book and lyrics by Oscar Hammerstein II in 1957

Rodgers and Hammerstein's Cinderella is a musical written for television, but later played on stage, with music by Richard Rodgers and a book and lyrics by Oscar Hammerstein II. It is based upon the fairy tale Cinderella, particularly the French version Cendrillon, ou la Petite Pantoufle de Verre, by Charles Perrault. The story concerns a young woman forced into a life of servitude by her cruel stepmother and self-centered stepsisters, who dreams of a better life. With the help of her Fairy Godmother, Cinderella is transformed into a Princess and finds her Prince.

In 2004, Sigler starred as "Hollywood Madam" Heidi Fleiss in the USA television movie Call Me: The Rise and Fall of Heidi Fleiss . In that same year, she had her first starring feature film role, Extreme Dating, an independent film. In 2005, Sigler starred in Love Wrecked and the following year in Homie Spumoni, when she played the role of Alli, the girlfriend of Renato/Leroy (Donald Faison) directed by Mike Cerron. [10]

Heidi Fleiss American former madam

Heidi Lynne Fleiss is an American former madam, and also a columnist and television personality regularly featured in the 1990s in American media. She ran a prostitution ring based in Los Angeles, California, and is often referred to as the "Hollywood Madam".

<i>Call Me: The Rise and Fall of Heidi Fleiss</i> 2004 television film directed by Charles McDougall

Call Me: The Rise and Fall of Heidi Fleiss is a television film starring Jamie-Lynn Sigler as Hollywood madame Heidi Fleiss. It aired on USA Network on March 29, 2004.

<i>Love Wrecked</i> 2005 television film by Randal Kleiser

Love Wrecked is a 2005 American adventure romantic comedy film directed by Randal Kleiser. Starring Amanda Bynes, it is a romantic comedy about a girl getting stranded with a rock star on a beach in the Caribbean.

In 2008, Sigler appeared as herself in 13 episodes of the fifth and sixth season of the HBO series Entourage . In the fifth season, she appeared in the episodes "First Class Jerk", "Playing With Fire" and "Return to Queens Blvd", as the love interest of the character Sal 'Turtle' Assante, portrayed by Jerry Ferrara. She returned as a recurring guest star for season six of the series, after becoming Ferrara's real-life girlfriend. [11] On November 17, 2008, Sigler guest-starred as Jillian on the TV series How I Met Your Mother in the episode "Woooo!" [12] On the December 6, 2008 airing of Saturday Night Live , she appeared as the checkout girl for the Digital Short music video "Jizz in My Pants" by The Lonely Island. [13]

<i>Entourage</i> (U.S. TV series) American comedy-drama television series

Entourage is an American comedy-drama television series that premiered on HBO on July 18, 2004 and concluded on September 11, 2011, after eight seasons. The series was created and largely written by Doug Ellin and chronicles the acting career of Vincent Chase, a young A-list movie star, and his childhood friends from Queens, New York City, as they attempt to further their nascent careers in Los Angeles.

Turtle (<i>Entourage</i>) fictional character

Salvatore "Turtle" Assante is a fictional character on the comedy-drama television series Entourage. He is played by Jerry Ferrara.

Jerry Ferrara American actor

Jerry Charles Ferrara is an American actor, known for his work as Turtle on the HBO comedy series Entourage, and currently starring on the STARZ drama series Power as Joe Proctor.

In 2009, Sigler starred in the psychological thriller film Beneath the Dark , which originally had a working title of Wake. [14] The same year, she appeared on ABC's Ugly Betty in a five-episode arc. [15] Beginning in 2012, she appeared as a main character in the short-lived series, Guys with Kids .

Music

In 2001, Sigler released a pop album called Here to Heaven , which featured the single "Cry Baby". The album was a commercial failure. In 2007, she said she was "embarrassed" by the album and regretted releasing it. [16] In 2012, she collaborated with Romeo Santos on the single "You" and appeared in its music video. [17]

Writing

In 2002, Sigler co-authored her autobiography, Wise Girl: What I've Learned About Life, Love, and Loss. [18]

Modeling

Sigler appeared in FHM and was featured in The Girls of FHM 2004.

Personal life

Sigler met Abraxas "A. J." DiScala when she was 19, and he became her manager. [19] They began dating shortly before she turned 21, [19] and married on July 11, 2003. [20] She subsequently changed her name to Jamie-Lynn DiScala. [20] They separated in September 2005, and she resumed using her maiden name. [20]

In 2008, Sigler visited Israel through the Birthright Israel program and was moved by the trip, calling Israel "one of the most beautiful, inspiring places [she's] ever been to". She said that the trip gave her a greater understanding of her Jewish ancestry. [21] Also in 2008, she began a relationship with actor Jerry Ferrara, whom she met while guest-starring on Entourage as a love interest of Ferrara's character. [22] They split up in 2009. [23] She later dated football player Mark Sanchez. [24]

In 2012, Sigler began dating baseball player Cutter Dykstra, the son of former Major League Baseball player Lenny Dykstra. [25] [26] The two became engaged on January 28, 2013, [27] and announced in February 2013 that they were expecting a baby. [28] Sigler gave birth to their son, Beau Kyle Dykstra, on August 28, 2013. [29] They were married in Palm Springs, California, on January 16, 2016. [30] The couple had their second son in January 2018. [31]

In January 2016, Sigler revealed that she was diagnosed with multiple sclerosis when she was 20 years old. [32]

Filmography

Film

YearTitleRoleNotes
1998A Brooklyn State of MindYoung Angie
2001Campfire StoriesNatalie
2003 Death of a Dynasty Sexy Woman No. 3
2005Extreme DatingAmy Baker
2005 Love Wrecked Alexis Manetti
2006Homie SpumoniAlli Butterman
2006BlindersAlexaShort film
2006 Dark Ride Cathy
2007New York City SerenadeLynn
2010Trophy WifeChristinaShort film
2010Beneath the DarkAdrienne
2012 Divorce Invitation Dylan
2012 I Do Ali Federman
2012 Jewtopia Hannah Daniels
2017JusticeMelissa Green
2017Gangster LandLulu Rolfe

Television

YearTitleRoleNotes
1999–2007 The Sopranos Meadow Soprano 72 episodes
2004 Call Me: The Rise and Fall of Heidi Fleiss Heidi Fleiss Movie
2004 Will & Grace Ro2 episodes
20052007 Higglytown Heroes Ms. Fern3 episodes; voice role
2007 The Gathering Maggy RuleMiniseries
2008 How I Met Your Mother JillianEpisode: "Woooo!"
2008–2009 Entourage Jamie-Lynn Sigler 13 episodes
2009 Ugly Betty Natalie 5 episodes
2010BackwashPrudenceEpisode: "Chapter Eight: Lake Pupik"
2011Criminal BehaviorBrooke KrossMovie
2011 Drop Dead Diva Tina HowardEpisode: "Change of Heart"
2012 Last Man Standing GabriellaEpisode: "Take Your Daughter to Work"
2012 Guys with Kids Emily17 episodes
2014 Dads ElsaEpisode: "Bully Gene"
2015 The Christmas Note Gretchen DanielsMovie
2016 CSI: Cyber Sasha BoydEpisode: "5 Deadly Sins"
2016 Baby Daddy Sara Gilcrest2 episodes
2017Mommy I Didn't Do ItMovie
2018 Magnum P.I. ToniEpisode: "Bad Day to Be A Hero"

Music videos

YearTitleArtistRole
2002"Through the Rain" Mariah Carey Kirsten
2008"Jizz in My Pants" The Lonely Island Check-Out Girl

Discography

Awards and nominations

YearAssociationCategoryNominated workResult
2000 Screen Actors Guild Outstanding Performance by an Ensemble in a Drama Series The SopranosWon
2000 Young Artist Awards Best Performance in a Drama Series: Supporting Young Actress The SopranosNominated
2001 Screen Actors Guild Outstanding Performance by an Ensemble in a Drama Series The SopranosNominated
2001 Young Artist Awards Best Performance in a Drama Series: Supporting Young Actress The SopranosNominated
2002 Screen Actors Guild Outstanding Performance by an Ensemble in a Drama Series The SopranosNominated
2003 Screen Actors Guild Outstanding Performance by an Ensemble in a Drama Series The SopranosNominated
2005 Screen Actors Guild Outstanding Performance by an Ensemble in a Drama Series The SopranosNominated
2007 Screen Actors Guild Outstanding Performance by an Ensemble in a Drama Series The SopranosNominated
2009 Screen Actors Guild Outstanding Performance by an Ensemble in a Drama Series The SopranosWon

Related Research Articles

Jamie Lynn Spears American actress and singer

Jamie Lynn Marie Spears is an American actress and singer-songwriter. She was born in McComb, Mississippi, and raised in Louisiana, the younger sister of singer Britney Spears. She is known for her role as Zoey Brooks on the Nickelodeon teen sitcom Zoey 101, in which she starred from 2005 to 2008.

Julianna Margulies American actress and producer

Julianna Luisa Margulies is an American actress and producer. After several small television roles, Margulies achieved wide recognition for her role as Carol Hathaway on NBC's long-running medical drama ER, for which she won an Emmy Award. She also voiced Neera in Dinosaur (2000) and appeared in the miniseries The Mists of Avalon (2001).

Drea de Matteo American actress

Andrea Donna de Matteo is an American actress, known for her roles as Angie Bolen on ABC's Desperate Housewives, Joey Tribbiani's sister Gina on the NBC sitcom Joey, Wendy Case on FX series Sons of Anarchy, and Adriana La Cerva on the HBO drama series The Sopranos, a role for which she won a Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Drama Series. She played Det. Tess Nazario in NBC's Shades of Blue.

Lenny Dykstra American baseball player

Leonard Kyle Dykstra, is an American former professional baseball center fielder, who played in Major League Baseball (MLB) for the New York Mets and Philadelphia Phillies.

Members Only (<i>The Sopranos</i>) 1st episode of the sixth season of The Sopranos

"Members Only" is the 66th episode of the HBO series The Sopranos, and the first of the show's sixth season. Written by Terence Winter and directed by Tim Van Patten, it aired originally on March 12, 2006.

Two Tonys 1st episode of the fifth season of The Sopranos

"Two Tonys" is the 53rd episode of the HBO original series The Sopranos and the first of the show's fifth season. Written by David Chase and Terence Winter, it was directed by Tim Van Patten and originally aired on March 7, 2004.

Proshai, Livushka 2nd episode of the third season of The Sopranos

"Proshai, Livushka" is the 28th episode of the HBO original series The Sopranos and the second of the show's third season. It was written by David Chase and directed by Tim Van Patten, and originally aired on March 4, 2001.

University (<i>The Sopranos</i>) 6th episode of the third season of The Sopranos

"University" is the 32nd episode of the HBO original series The Sopranos and the sixth of the show's third season. The teleplay was written by Terence Winter and Salvatore J. Stabile from a story idea by David Chase, Terence Winter, Todd A. Kessler, Robin Green, and Mitchell Burgess. It was directed by Allen Coulter and originally aired on April 1, 2001.

Toodle-Fucking-Oo 3rd episode of the second season of The Sopranos

"Toodle-Fucking-Oo" is the sixteenth episode of the HBO original series The Sopranos and the third of the show's second season. It was written by Frank Renzulli, directed by Lee Tamahori and originally aired on January 30, 2000.

Down Neck 7th episode of the first season of The Sopranos

"Down Neck" is the seventh episode of the HBO original series The Sopranos. It was written by Robin Green and Mitchell Burgess, and directed by Lorraine Senna Ferrara. This episode is the only one in the entire series directed by a woman, aired on February 21, 1999.

Eloise (<i>The Sopranos</i>) 12th episode of the fourth season of The Sopranos

"Eloise" is the 51st episode of the HBO original series The Sopranos and the 12th of the show's fourth season. Written by Terence Winter and directed by James Hayman, it originally aired on December 1, 2002.

<i>Here to Heaven</i> album by Jamie-Lynn Sigler

Here to Heaven is the debut and only album from Jamie-Lynn Sigler. It features the single "Cry Baby". Three of the album's songs were also recorded in Spanish.

Jamie Chung American actress

Jamie Jilynn Chung is an American actress, and former reality television personality. She first gained fame in 2004 as a cast member on the MTV reality series The Real World: San Diego and subsequently through her appearances on its spin-off show, Real World/Road Rules Challenge: The Inferno II. She is regarded by many as the Real World alumna with the most successful media career.

Joey King American teen actress

Joey Lynn King is an American actress. She starred as Ramona Quimby in Ramona and Beezus, the 2010 adaptation of Beverly Cleary's book series with the same title. She has also appeared in the films Oz the Great and Powerful, The Conjuring, White House Down, The Kissing Booth, Wish Upon, The Suite Life of Zack and Cody, The Act , and Slender Man.

Alison Brie American actress

Alison Brie Schermerhorn is an American actress. Brie is best known for her starring role as Annie Edison in the comedy series Community (2009–2015) and Trudy Campbell in the period drama series Mad Men (2007–2015). She also voices Diane Nguyen on the animated comedy series BoJack Horseman (2014–present) and plays Ruth Wilder in the comedy series GLOW (2017–present), for which she received nominations for the Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Television Series Musical or Comedy and the Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Female Actor in a Comedy Series.

Will Janowitz is an American film, television and stage actor and writer. He best known for playing Meadow Soprano's boyfriend Finn De Trolio on The Sopranos.

References

  1. 1 2 "Jamie-Lynn Sigler: Biography". TVGuide.com . Retrieved January 29, 2013.
  2. Bloom, Nate (January 22, 2008). "Interfaith Celebrities: Jews on Ice, Christina's Baby and Meadow's Trip to Israel". InterfaithFamily.com. Retrieved January 29, 2013.
  3. Jamie-Lynn Sigler Jewish Virtual Library
  4. 1 2 Fischler, Marcelle S. (November 24, 2002). "Long Island Journal; Three Who Write the Island's Rhythms". The New York Times . Retrieved October 2, 2007.
  5. Yacowar, Maurice (2003). "The Sopranos on the Couch: Analyzing Television's Greatest Series". Bloomsbury Academic. ISBN   9780826415417 . Retrieved June 21, 2012.
  6. 1 2 Reid, Shaheem (October 18, 2001). "Meadow Soprano Sings About Debut Album". MTV.com. Retrieved August 16, 2008.
  7. "Festival Trailer - Wake". Dreadcentral.com. March 15, 2010. Retrieved September 23, 2010.
  8. NJ.com - New Jersey Online – The Sopranos Archived October 6, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  9. Jones, Kenneth. "Being Stepmom Is Real Drag for Everett Quinton in 2000-2001 'Cinderella' Tour" Archived November 13, 2013, at the Wayback Machine , Playbill.com, October 19, 2000, accessed December 16, 2011
  10. "CNN interview December 23, 2005 with Jamie-Lynn Sigler, Jane Fonda, and Shane Sellers". Transcripts.cnn.com. Retrieved September 23, 2010.
  11. Rome Neal (August 19, 2002). "Interview on Eating Disorders". Cbsnews.com. Retrieved September 23, 2010.
  12. "NY PIX Morning News Blog – WPIX-TV". Weblogs.cw11.com. October 15, 2008. Archived from the original on July 26, 2011. Retrieved September 23, 2010.
  13. "hulu.com". hulu.com. June 29, 2010. Retrieved September 23, 2010.
  14. "SXSW '10: First Images from 'Shining'-Inspired 'Wake'!". Bloody-disgusting.com. Retrieved September 23, 2010.
  15. "IFC Midnight Acquires SXSW Thriller 'Wake'". Bloody-disgusting.com. June 9, 2010. Retrieved September 23, 2010.
  16. "Meadow's Mea Culpa". New York Post. May 9, 2007. Archived from the original on May 12, 2007.
  17. "UPDATE: Watch Romeos New Video for You!". Latina.com. May 23, 2011. Retrieved July 27, 2014.
  18. "Children's Book Review: WISE GIRL: What I've Learned About Life, Love, and Loss by Jamie-Lynn Sigler". Publishersweekly.com. July 29, 2002. Retrieved July 27, 2014.
  19. 1 2 Wulff, Jennifer; Dagostino, Mark (March 3, 2006). "Jamie-Lynn on Ex: 'There's No Hatred'". People . Retrieved June 14, 2013.
  20. 1 2 3 "Jamie-Lynn DiScala, Husband Split Up". People . September 25, 2005. Retrieved January 29, 2013.
  21. Kraft, Dina (January 22, 2008). "'Sopranos' star on birthright discovers her Jewish spirit". The Jerusalem Post . Retrieved March 10, 2014.
  22. "Jamie Lynn Sigler and Jerry Ferrara Going Strong". Hollyscoop.com. June 3, 2009. Retrieved September 23, 2010.
  23. "Jamie-Lynn Sigler and Jerry Ferrara Split". usmagazine.com. Retrieved September 23, 2010.
  24. "Jamie-Lynn Sigler and Mark Sanchez Cozy Up at the Tonys". People.com.
  25. "Jamie-Lynn Sigler reportedly dating Cutter Dykstra, Lenny's son". larrybrownsports.com.
  26. "Jamie-Lynn Sigler Is Engaged to Cutter Dykstra: See Her Engagement Ring!". Us Weekly . January 28, 2013. Retrieved June 14, 2013.
  27. Caldwell, Sarah (January 29, 2013). "Jamie-Lynn Sigler is engaged". Entertainment Weekly . Retrieved January 29, 2013.
  28. Nahas, Aili (February 12, 2013). "Cutter Dykstra and Jamie-Lynn Sigler Expecting First Child". People . Retrieved February 12, 2013.
  29. Takeda, Allison; Puliti, Alisandra (August 28, 2013). "Jamie-Lynn Sigler Gives Birth to Baby Boy, Names Him Beau Kyle Dykstra". Us Weekly. Retrieved September 1, 2013.
  30. Jordan, Julie (January 16, 2016). "Jamie-Lynn Sigler Marries Cutter Dysktra". People.com. Retrieved January 20, 2016.
  31. Rossi, Madison (January 16, 2018). "Jamie-Lynn Sigler Welcomes Son Jack Adam". People.com. Retrieved March 4, 2018.
  32. Jordan, Julie. "Jamie Lynn Sigler Reveals She Has Multiple Sclerosis". People.com. Retrieved January 20, 2016.