John Thomas Seccombe (1834 - January 27, 1895) was an English medical doctor, translator, and episcopus vagans associated with Frederick George Lee and Thomas Wimberley Mossman in the Order of Corporate Reunion.
Seccombe received the M.D. from the University of St Andrews in 1862, and was a member of the Royal College of Surgeons; he was also fellow of the Royal Astronomical Society and a member of the Odd Fellows. Seccombe married twice, first to Elizabeth Margaret Clout; his eldest son Thomas Seccombe was an assistant editor of the Dictionary of National Biography. He had five further children with his second wife, Ellen Bates. In addition to medical activities and correspondence with Louis Pasteur, he was considered an expert on campanology and local antiquarian matters, and he served as a Justice of the Peace for Norfolk from 1886 to 1895.
Henry R. T. Brandreth contends that Seccombe, originally an Anglican layman, had become an Orthodox Christian in the early 1860s in London. He may have been consecrated to the episcopate in 1867 by Jules Ferrette, "Bishop of Iona" in the Ancient British Church. Brandreth identifies Seccombe as "the principal mover in inaugurating the Order of Corporate Reunion, or at least in laying down the line in which it was to follow." Seccombe assumed the name and title "Lawrence, Bishop of Caerleon" after supposed consecration as a bishop in 1877 in Italy, and worked with Lee and Mossman to re-ordain clergymen of the Church of England with a view to establishing a body with unquestionably valid holy orders that could be received into the Roman Catholic Church.
Seccombe is believed to have assisted Welsh nationalist Richard Williams Morgan in the consecration of Charles Isaac Stevens (1835–1917), second patriarch of the Ancient British Church (1889–1917) and primus of the Free Protestant Episcopal Church of England (1900–1917).
Apostolic succession is the method whereby the ministry of the Christian Church is held to be derived from the apostles by a continuous succession, which has usually been associated with a claim that the succession is through a series of bishops. Christians of the Roman Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, Oriental Orthodox, Old Catholic, Moravian, Hussite, Anglican, Church of the East, and Scandinavian Lutheran traditions maintain that "a bishop cannot have regular or valid orders unless he has been consecrated in this apostolic succession". Each of these groups does not necessarily consider consecration of the other groups as valid.
In Christianity, an episcopus vagans is a person consecrated, in a "clandestine or irregular way", as a bishop outside the structures and canon law of the established churches; a person regularly consecrated but later excommunicated, and not in communion with any generally recognized diocese; or a person who has in communion with them small groups that appear to exist solely for the bishop's sake. David V. Barrett, in the Encyclopedia of New Religious Movements, specifies that now episcopi vagantes are "those independent bishops who collect several different lines of transmission of apostolic succession, and who will happily consecrate anyone who requests it." Those described as wandering bishops often see the term as pejorative. The general term for "wandering" clerics, as were common in the Middle Ages, is clerici vagantes; the general term for those recognising no leader is acephali.
An episcopal polity is a hierarchical form of church governance in which the chief local authorities are called bishops. It is the structure used by many of the major Christian Churches and denominations, such as the Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, Oriental Orthodox, Church of the East, Anglican, and Lutheran churches or denominations, and other churches founded independently from these lineages.
The Thirty-nine Articles of Religion are the historically defining statements of doctrines and practices of the Church of England with respect to the controversies of the English Reformation. The Thirty-nine Articles form part of the Book of Common Prayer used by both the Church of England and the U.S. Episcopal Church, among other denominations in the worldwide Anglican Communion and Anglican Continuum.
The Lambeth Conference is a decennial assembly of bishops of the Anglican Communion convened by the Archbishop of Canterbury. The first such conference took place at Lambeth in 1867.
Ecclesia Gnostica is an open sacramental neo-Gnostic church in Los Angeles. It has ordained clergy and conducts regular sacramental services, including two weekly Masses, as well as monthly and seasonal services in accordance with the liturgical calendar. It has active parishes in Seattle, Washington; Portland, Oregon; and Austin, Texas. The church and its affiliate organisation, The Gnostic Society, attempt to "advance the study, understanding, and the individual experience of Gnosis."
Apostolicae curae is the title of a papal bull, issued in 1896 by Pope Leo XIII, declaring all Anglican ordinations to be "absolutely null and utterly void". The Anglican Church made no official reply, but the archbishops of Canterbury and of York of the Church of England published a response known by its Latin title Saepius officio in 1897.
Aubrey George Spencer was the first bishop of the Anglican Diocese of Newfoundland and Bermuda (1839–1843). He was also bishop of Jamaica. His brother George Spencer became Bishop of Madras. He is from the Spencer family.
The timeline of Eastern Orthodoxy in North America represents timeline of the historical development of religious communities, institutions and organizations of Eastern Orthodox Christianity in North America.
The historic or historical episcopate comprises all episcopates, that is, it is the collective body of all the bishops of a church who are in valid apostolic succession. This succession is transmitted from each bishop to their successors by the rite of Holy Orders. It is sometimes subject of episcopal genealogy.
Hugh George de Willmott Newman was an Independent Catholic bishop. He was known religiously as Mar Georgius I and bore the titles, among others, of Patriarch of Glastonbury, Catholicos of the West, and sixth British Patriarch. He was the head of the Catholicate of the West since he became a bishop, in 1944, until his death in 1979.
The Malankara Church, also known as Puthenkur and more popularly as Jacobite Syrians, refers to the collection of West Syriac Saint Thomas Christian denominations, which claim ultimate apostolic origins from the missions of Thomas the Apostle according to tradition. The community under the leadership of Thoma I, that resisted the Padroado Jesuits as well as the Propaganda Carmelites of the Roman Catholic Church, following the historical Coonan Cross Oath of 1653. In 1665, Gregorios Abdul Jaleel, sent from Patriarch Ignatius Abdulmasih I introduced West Syriac Rite in India. By 1809, the Jacobite Syrians fully incorporated the Antiochian Syriac Rite liturgy after the assembly of parish representatives met at Kandanad, Kerala and resolved to fully implement the move to West Syriac Rite through the declaration Kandanad Padiyola, which had been already partially implemented by the same assembly in 1789 at Puthiyacavu. The modern-day descendants of the Jacobite Syrians are the Jacobite Syrian Christian Church (JSCC), the Malankara Orthodox Syrian Church (MOSC), the Malankara Marthoma Syrian Church (MTC), the Syro-Malankara Catholic Church and the Malabar Independent Syrian Church. Among these, only the JSCC form an integral part of the Syriac Orthodox Church of Antioch. The autocephalous MOSC, also known as the Indian Orthodox Church is one of the member churches of Oriental Orthodox communion. The MTC is an independent Oriental Protestant church that is in communion with the Church of England and its Anglican communion. The Syro-Malankara Catholic Church is an autonomus sui iuris Eastern Catholic particular church, in full communion with the Holy See and the worldwide Catholic Church, with self-governance under the Code of Canons of the Eastern Churches.
Arnold Harris Mathew, self-styled de jure 4th Earl Landaff of Thomastown, was the founder and first bishop of the Old Roman Catholic Church in the United Kingdom and a noted author on ecclesiastical subjects.
The Order of Corporate Reunion (OCR), officially the Christian, Ecumenical, and Fraternal Order of Corporate Reunion, was an ecumenical association of clergy and laity of Anglican origin. The OCR was founded by Frederick George Lee, Thomas Wimberley Mossman, and John Thomas Seccombe in 1874 in London. Established as an Anglo-Papalist society to continue the work of the Association for the Promotion of the Unity of Christendom, its founders labored to restore an apostolic succession recognised by the Catholic Church through reordinations as a means for reunion.
Frederick George Lee was a priest of the Church of England and a religious author. He co-founded the Order of Corporate Reunion.
Charles Isaac Stevens (1835–1917) was the second patriarch of the Ancient British Church from 1889 to 1917 and also was primus of the Free Protestant Episcopal Church of England from 1900 to 1917.
Leon Chechemian (1848–1920) was an Armenian Christian cleric. In 1897, he was a founder of the Free Protestant Episcopal Church, and that church's first primus. He is also considered an episcopus vagans.
Henry Renaud Turner Brandreth (1914–1984) was an author, ecumenist and priest of the Church of England. He was a member of the Oratory of the Good Shepherd and a noted scholar of episcopi vagantes.
Archbishop Doyé Teido Agama is a Christian leader within the Pentecostal Holiness and Convergence movements. He is the founder of Apostolic Pastoral Congress, a collegiate collective of Pentecostal bishops and pastors adhering to paleo-orthodoxy and was for many years the organisation’s President and its presiding prelate. He leads the Christian Way of Life group of churches. He is a prominent figure in the Churches Together in England movement and is involved extensively in the African diaspora and black and multicultural affairs.
Thomas Wimberley Mossman was a Church of England priest, novelist, translator, episcopus vagans and Ritualist leader associated with the Order of Corporate Reunion (OCR). He was born in Skipton, North Yorkshire. Ordained priest on May 26, 1850, following studies at St. Edmund Hall, Oxford, he became curate of Donington on Bain as deacon in 1849. He was curate of Panton, Lincolnshire in 1852, vicar of Ranby, Nottinghamshire in 1854, and rector of the united benefices of East Torrington and West Torrington in Lincolnshire in 1859. Mossman was the primary English translator of the extensive biblical commentaries of the Flemish Roman Catholic exegete and priest, Cornelius a Lapide (1567-1637).