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In architecture, the lantern tower is a tall construction above the junction of the four arms of a cruciform (cross-shaped) church, with openings through which light from outside can shine down to the crossing. Many lantern towers are usually octagonal, and gives an extra dimension to the decorated interior of the dome.
An affiliated term is the Italian tiburio, derived from the latin-derived word of tiburium which reflects the often polygonal lantern atop a dome. It is often interspersed with windows both to lighten the load and allow for light to shine.
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In architecture, a cupola is a relatively small, most often dome-like, tall structure on top of a building. Often used to provide a lookout or to admit light and air, it usually crowns a larger roof or dome.
A church building or church house, often simply called a church, is a building used for Christian religious activities, particularly for Christian worship services. The term is often used by Christians to refer to the physical buildings where they worship, but it is sometimes used to refer to buildings of other religions. In traditional Christian architecture, the church is often arranged in the shape of a Christian cross. When viewed from plan view the longest part of a cross is represented by the aisle and the junction of the cross is located at the altar area.
The architecture of cathedrals, basilicas and abbey churches is characterised by the buildings' large scale and follows one of several branching traditions of form, function and style that all ultimately derive from the Early Christian architectural traditions established in the Constantinian period.
Florence Cathedral, formally the Cattedrale di Santa Maria del Fiore, is the cathedral of Florence, Italy. It was begun in 1296 in the Gothic style to a design of Arnolfo di Cambio and was structurally completed by 1436, with the dome designed by Filippo Brunelleschi. The exterior of the basilica is faced with polychrome marble panels in various shades of green and pink, bordered by white, and has an elaborate 19th-century Gothic Revival façade by Emilio De Fabris.
Today, English-speakers use the term lantern to describe many types of portable lighting, but lanterns originated as a protective enclosure for a light source—usually a candle or a wick in oil—to make it easier to carry and hang up, and more reliable outdoors or in drafty interiors.
A crossing, in ecclesiastical architecture, is the junction of the four arms of a cruciform (cross-shaped) church.
Angoulême Cathedral is a Roman Catholic church in Angoulême, Charente, France. The cathedral is in the Romanesque architectural and sculptural tradition, and is the seat of the Bishop of Angoulême.
The Chennai Lighthouse, formerly the Madras Lighthouse, is a lighthouse facing the Bay of Bengal on the east coast of the Indian Subcontinent. It is a famous landmark on the Marina Beach in Chennai, India. It was built by the East Coast Constructions and Industries in 1976 replacing the old lighthouse in the northern direction. The lighthouse was opened in January 1977. It also houses the meteorological department. On 16 November 2013, it was reopened to visitors. It is one of the few lighthouses in the world with an elevator. It is also the only lighthouse in India within the city limits. It is also a green lighthouse, with a solar panel for power.
A roof lantern is a daylighting architectural element. Architectural lanterns are part of a larger roof and provide natural light into the space or room below. In contemporary use it is an architectural skylight structure.
The Mayo Beach Light was an early lighthouse on Cape Cod. Deactivated in 1922, the second tower was moved to California and re-erected as the Point Montara Light in 1928.
The Skerries Lighthouse was first lit on the highest point of the largest island in The Skerries, Isle of Anglesey after 1716. A patent for the lighthouse was subsequently obtained in 1824. The builder was William Trench, who lost his son off the rocks and died in debt in 1725. He is said to have originally been allowed a pension from the Post Office, rather than payment from shipping tolls. An act of 1730 allowed his son-in-law, Sutton Morgan, to increase the dues charged for shipping and confirmed the patent on the light to Morgan's heirs forever.
Scilla Lighthouse is an active lighthouse in Calabria just opposite of Capo Peloro Lighthouse which is on the Sicilian coast; both lighthouses direct the ships from the north into the Strait of Messina. The lighthouse is settled on the seaward side terrace of the Castello Ruffo di Scilla, in the town of Scilla on the Tyrrhenian Sea.
Our Lady of Warraq is believed, by some, to be a mass apparition of the Virgin Mary that occurred at the Coptic Orthodox Virgin Mary and Archangel Michael church, in Warraq al-Hadar, Giza, Egypt, in the early hours of Friday 11 December 2009.
Rønne Lighthouse is located close to the waterfront in Rønne on the Danish island of Bornholm.
Capo Sant'Elia Lighthouse is an active lighthouse located on Capo Sant'Elia promontory, adjacent to Calamosca Bay which separates the Golfo degli Angeli from that of Quartu Sant'Elena. The structure is situated in the municipality of Quartu Sant'Elena, in the southern Sardinia on the Tyrrhenian Sea.
Isola delle Bisce Lighthouse is an active lighthouse located on a small islet, 590 metres (1,940 ft) from Capo Ferro Lighthouse, which make part of the Maddalena archipelago in the Strait of Bonifacio. The lighthouse guides the ships through the narrow Canale delle Bisce; the structure is situated in the municipality of Arzachena on the Tyrrhenian Sea.
Isola Razzoli Lighthouse is an active lighthouse located on an islet, 2.45 kilometres (1.52 mi) long, in the Maddalena archipelago. The lighthouse is the northernmost in Sardinia, on the eastern approach to the Strait of Bonifacio, and is at 7.42 kilometres (4.61 mi) from the French Lavezzi archipelago. The island is in the municipality of La Maddalena on the Tyrrhenian Sea.
Punta Beppe Tuccio Lighthouse is an active lighthouse located on the north eastern tip of the island of Linosa which makes part of the Pelagie Islands in the Channel of Sicily.
San Giacomo Lighthouse is an active lighthouse located at the root of the east wharf of the commercial harbour of Licata on the Channel of Sicily. The lighthouse takes its name from the homonymous castle once in the place then destroyed to make room for the seaport.
Capo Focardo Lighthouse is an active lighthouse located at the south eastern tip of the gulf of Porto Azzurro on the island of Elba in the Tuscan Archipelago.