Look (American magazine)

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Look
Look13040.jpg
Actress Anne Gwynne, a 1939–1940 model for Catalina Swimwear, was featured on the January 30, 1940 cover of Look.
Frequency Bi-weekly
First issue February 1937 (1937-February)
Final issue October 19, 1971
Company Cowles Media
Country United States
Based in Des Moines, Iowa
Language English
ISSN 0024-6336

Look was a bi-weekly, general-interest magazine published in Des Moines, Iowa, from 1937 to 1971, with more of an emphasis on photographs than articles. A large-size magazine of 11 in × 14 in (280 mm × 360 mm), it was generally considered a competitor to Life magazine, which began publication months earlier and ended in 1972, a few months after Look ceased publication.

Biweekly means either occurring every two weeks, or occurring twice every week. This causes ambiguity when the term is used. As a result, in the United Kingdom, Ireland, Australia and New Zealand, the term fortnightly is more commonly used for an event that occurs every two weeks.

A magazine is a publication, usually a periodical publication, which is printed or electronically published. Magazines are generally published on a regular schedule and contain a variety of content. They are generally financed by advertising, by a purchase price, by prepaid subscriptions, or a combination of the three.

Iowa State of the United States of America

Iowa is a state in the Midwestern United States, bordered by the Mississippi River to the east and the Missouri River and Big Sioux River to the west. It is bordered by six states; Wisconsin to the northeast, Illinois to the east, Missouri to the south, Nebraska to the west, South Dakota to the northwest and Minnesota to the north.

Contents

It is known for helping launch the career of film director Stanley Kubrick, who was a staff photographer.

Film director Person who controls the artistic and dramatic aspects of a film production

A film director is a person who directs the making of a film. A film director controls a film's artistic and dramatic aspects and visualizes the screenplay while guiding the technical crew and actors in the fulfilment of that vision. The director has a key role in choosing the cast members, production design, and the creative aspects of filmmaking. Under European Union law, the director is viewed as the author of the film.

Stanley Kubrick American filmmaker

Stanley Kubrick was an American film director, screenwriter, and producer. He is frequently cited as one of the greatest and most influential filmmakers in cinematic history. His films, which are mostly adaptations of novels or short stories, cover a wide range of genres, and are noted for their realism, dark humor, unique cinematography, extensive set designs, and evocative use of music.

Its January 24, 1956 article " The Shocking Story of Approved Killing in Mississippi ", included murder confessions from J.W. Milam and Roy Bryant, who had been acquitted in 1955 of killing 14-year old boy Emmett Till. [1]

Origin

Gardner "Mike" Cowles, Jr. (1903–1985), the magazine's co-founder (with his brother John) and first editor, was executive editor of The Des Moines Register and The Des Moines Tribune . When the first issue went on sale in early 1937, it sold 705,000 copies. [2] [3]

John Cowles Sr. American businessman

John Cowles Sr. was an American newspaper and magazine publisher. He was co-owner of the Cowles Media Company, whose assets included the Minneapolis Star, the Minneapolis Tribune, the Des Moines Register, Look magazine, and a half-interest in Harper's Magazine.

<i>The Des Moines Register</i>

The Des Moines Register is the daily morning newspaper of Des Moines, Iowa. A separate edition of the Register is sold throughout much of Iowa.

The Des Moines Tribune was a daily afternoon newspaper published in Des Moines, Iowa. It was founded in 1906 and purchased in 1908 by the Cowles family, which owned the Des Moines Register. The newspapers shared production and business operations, but maintained separate editorial staffs which often behaved as rivals and competitors. The newspaper ceased publication in 1982.

Although planned to begin with the January 1937 issue, the actual first issue of Look to be distributed was the February 1937 issue, numbered as Volume 1, Number 2. It was published monthly for five issues (February–May 1937), then switched to bi-weekly starting with the May 11, 1937 issue. Page numbering on early issues counted the front cover as page one. Early issues, subtitled Monthly Picture Magazine, carried no advertising. [4]

The unusual format of the early issues featured layouts of photos with long captions or very short articles. The magazine's backers described it as "an experiment based on the tremendous unfilled demand for extraordinary news and feature pictures". It was aimed at a broader readership than Life , promising trade papers that Look would have "reader interest for yourself, for your wife, for your private secretary, for your office boy". [5]

A feature story is a piece of non-fiction writing about news. A feature story is a type of soft news. The main sub-types are the news feature and the human-interest story.

From 1946-70, Look published the Football Writers Association of America College All America Football Team and brought players and selected writers to New York City for a celebration. During that 25-year period, the FWAA team was introduced on national television shows by Bob Hope, Steve Allen, Perry Como and others.

Circulation peak

Look Building on Madison Avenue in New York Look-building.jpg
Look Building on Madison Avenue in New York

Within weeks, more than a million copies were bought of each issue, [6] and it became a bi-weekly. By 1948 it sold 2.9 million copies per issue. [7] Circulation reached 3.7 million in 1954, [8] and peaked at 7.75 million in 1969. Its advertising revenue peaked in 1966 at $80 million. [9] Of the leading general interest large-format magazines, Look had a circulation second only to Life and ahead of The Saturday Evening Post , which closed in 1969, and Collier's , which folded in 1956.

Look was published under various company names: Look, Inc. (1937–45), Cowles Magazines (1946–65), and Cowles Communications, Inc. (1965–71). Its New York editorial offices were located in the architecturally distinctive 488 Madison Avenue, dubbed the "Look Building", now on the National Register of Historic Places.

Beginning in 1963, Norman Rockwell, after closing his career with the Saturday Evening Post, began making illustrations for Look.

KGB defector Yuri Bezmenov, regarding the October 1967 Russia Today issue, said: "From the first page to the last page, it was a package of lies: propaganda cliché[s] which were presented to American readers as opinions and deductions of American journalists. Nothing could be [further] from [the] truth." [10] He goes on to explain exactly how the Look reporters were compromised. [11]

Look ceased publication with its issue of October 19, 1971, the victim of a $5 million loss in revenues in 1970 (with television cutting deeply into its advertising revenues), a slack economy and rising postal rates. Circulation was at 6.5 million when it closed. [9]

Aftermath

Hachette Filipacchi Médias brought back Look, The Picture Newsmagazine in February 1979 as a bi-weekly in a slightly smaller size. It lasted only a year. Subscribers received copies of Esquire magazine to fulfill their terms.

The Look Magazine Photograph Collection was donated to the Library of Congress and contains approximately five million items. [12]

After the closure, six Look employees created a fulfillment house using the computer system newly developed by the magazine's circulation department. [13] The company, CDS Global, is now an international provider of customer relationship services.

Stanley Kubrick

Stanley Kubrick was a staff photographer for Look before starting his feature film career. Of the more than 300 assignments Kubrick did for Look from 1946 to 1951, more than 100 are in the Library of Congress collection. All Look jobs with which he was associated have been cataloged with descriptions focusing on the images that were printed. Other related Kubrick material is located at the Museum of the City of New York. [14]

James Karales

James Karales was a photographer for Look from 1960 to 1971. Covering the Civil Rights Movement throughout its duration, he took many memorable photographs, including the iconic photograph of the Selma to Montgomery march showing people proudly marching along the highway under a cloudy turbulent sky. [15]

Cultural references

See also

Notes

  1. Huie, William Bradford (January 1956). "The Shocking Story of Approved Killing in Mississippi". Look Magazine. Archived from the original on February 8, 2017. Retrieved March 11, 2017.
  2. "Pictorial Magazine Prints First Issue", The Washington Post , January 6, 1937, p. 3.
  3. "Ads to Look", Time , November 8, 1937.
  4. "Look is Born"
  5. "Look Out", Time, January 11, 1937.
  6. Look (advertisement), The Washington Post, March 31, 1937, p. 15.
  7. Look (advertisement), New York Times, June 8, 1948, p. 16.
  8. "Shake-up at Look", Time, January 11, 1954.
  9. 1 2 "Cowles Closing Look Magazine After 34 Years", The New York Times, September 17, 1971, p. 1.
  10. Dissident, Useless (2008-11-25). "Useless Dissident: Interview with Yuri Bezmenov: Part Two". Useless Dissident. Retrieved 2016-03-05.
  11. GBPPR2 (2011-01-20), Yuri Bezmenov: Deception Was My Job (Complete) , retrieved 2016-03-05
  12. Library Congress, Look Collection: Background and Scope.
  13. "Good Idea Grows out of Tragedy", Des Moines Register, October 26, 1997, pp. 1G–2G.
  14. Library of Congress, Look Collection: Background and Scope
  15. James Karales, Photographer of Social Upheaval, Dies at 71

Further reading

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