|Regions with significant populations|
|Pashto, Urdu, Dari|
|Related ethnic groups|
|other Pashtun tribes, other Iranian peoples|
Miani (Pashto : Mianrhi) is a Pushtun tribe that mainly inhabit the Gomal plains of Pakistan in the Tank District of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, which was formerly North-West Frontier Province.
Historically Mianis have been migratory Powindah Tribes migrating between the Derajat Pakistan and Afghanistan though historical Gomal Pass. Many of them settled in the Gomal plains by 1850. There are also Miani people within the Dera Ismail Khan District of Pakistan who are related to the Mianis settled in the Gomal plains.
Mianis are believed to be a Shirani tribe that descended from the Sarbani. The Shiranis have three sub-tribes, namely Marani, Miani and Babar.[ citation needed ]
Maranis still refer to themselves as 'Shirani' as they are the main sub-tribe, but Babars and Mianis identify themselves as completely separate tribes.[ citation needed ]
A number of clans and sub clans of Miani tribe were Powindahs, who migrated between Afghanistan and Pakistan, afterwards large number of them settled in the Gomal Plains along with their other earlier settled tribesmen.[ citation needed ]
Though initially a nomadic tribe, Mianis settled in the Gomal plains by or before 1850.[ citation needed ] The estimated population of nomadic Miani tribe was about 800 in the 1870s. They were a semi-independent group that lived along the Tank border, except for the hot season, when they moved into the hills. They were living among a small tribe, the Ghorezais (or Ghwarazai), of whom there were about 350 people. The larger tribe in the area was the Wazir, of whom there were a couple thousand people.
An important technique that the British used to manage the frontier was to make certain tribes responsible for monitoring who had passes to travel on particular routes into the hills. They called this “pass responsibility”.The Bhitannis first accepted pass responsibility on the Tank frontier. Then, pass responsibility for the Girni, Murtuza and Manjhi posts was assigned to the Miani and Ghurezai tribes in 1876. That year, they also accepted responsibility for monitoring passage into the Gomal Valley, as did a portion of the Ghwarazai that lived away from the other clan members of the Kakar tribe of Baluchistan.
In 1879, when Tank was raided by the Mehsuds and an uprising took place, wherein the tribes believed that the British control over the area is weakening, Mianis along with Suleman Khels and Kharotis looted a number of villages around Tank.The same fact has been narrated by Evelyn Berkelen Howell, that in January 1879, Tank was raided by the Mahsud. Both Miani and Ghwarazai took part in the looting and plundering of Tank in the resulting disorder."
Though a portion of Miani Tribe live in Baluchistan especially in the Shirani District, sizable population of the Miani people live in Sharigh Tehsil of Harnai District in Balochistan. [ citation needed ]Luni and Jaffar tribes residing in Baluchistan too are believed to be descendants of Miani tribe.
Waziristan is a mountainous region covering the former FATA agencies of North Waziristan and South Waziristan which are now districts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan. Waziristan covers some 11,585 square kilometres (4,500 sq mi). The area is populated by ethnic Pashtuns. It is named after the Wazir tribe. The language spoken in the valley is Pashto, predominantly the Waziristani dialect. The region forms the southern part of Pakistan's Federally Administered Tribal Areas, which is now part of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province.
Dera Ismail Khan District is a district in Dera Ismail Khan Division of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province in Pakistan. The capital of the district is the town of Dera Ismail Khan. The district has an area of 9,334 km2 (3,604 sq mi) and a population of 1,627,132 as of the 2017 Census.
North Waziristan District is a district in Bannu Division of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province in Pakistan. It is the northern part of Waziristan, a mountainous region of northwest Pakistan, bordering Afghanistan and covering 4,707 square kilometres (1,817 sq mi). The capital city of North Waziristan is Miranshah.
The Tochi Valley, also known as Dawar ., is a fertile area located in the North Waziristan agency in the Federally Administered Tribal Areas of Pakistan. In 1881, Nawab of Sarhad Nawab Gulmaizar Khan established the North Waziristan Tribal Agency with its headquarters at Miramshah in the valley.
Abdullah Mehsud was a militant commander who killed himself with a hand grenade after security forces raided his dwelling in Zhob, Balochistan, Pakistan. He belonged to the Mahsud tribe.
Storyani, also called Ustrani or Ustarana, is a Sayyid origin Pashtun tribe, they inhabit the Frontier Region in the outer hills opposite the extreme south of Dera Ismail Khan district of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province, Pakistan. They have occupied the eastern slope of Suleiman Mountains. To their north lies Gomal River, which separates South Waziristan Agency from this region. To their south west across Baluchistan border is Zhob and Dukki, to the east towards Daman plains with the Gandapurs of Kulachi, to the west with Musa Khel and Zmaryani while Qaisrani on the south.
The Shirani, also spelled Sherani, are a Pashtun tribe, from the Bettani tribal confederacy, who live in Afghanistan and Pakistan. The Sherani are mostly settled in the Frontier Region Dera Ismail Khan, in the Federally Administered Tribal Areas of Pakistan and in the adjoining Sherani District of Balochistan, Pakistan. Some clans have settled in other surrounding districts of Balochistan; and in the Zabul, Ghazni, and Kandahar provinces of Afghanistan.
Gomal River is a 400-kilometre-long (250 mi) river in Afghanistan and Pakistan.
South Waziristan District is a district in Dera Ismail Khan Division of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and the southern part of Waziristan, a mountainous region of northwest Pakistan, that covers some 11,585 km2 (4,473 mi²). Waziristan comprises the area west and southwest of Peshawar between the Tochi River to the north and the Gomal River to the south. The region was an independent tribal territory from 1893, remaining outside of British-ruled empire and Afghanistan. Tribal raiding into British-ruled territory was a constant problem for the British, requiring frequent punitive expeditions between 1860 and 1945. Troops of the British Raj coined a name for this region "Hell's Door Knocker" in recognition of the fearsome reputation of the local fighters and inhospitable terrain. The capital city of South Waziristan is Wanna. South Waziristan is divided into the three administrative subdivisions of Ladha, Sarwakai, and Wanna. These three subdivisions are further divided into eight Tehsils: Ladha, Makin, Sararogha, Sarwakai, Tiarza, Wanna, Barmal, and Toi Khula.
The Mahsud or Mehsud, also spelled Maseed, is a Karlani Pashtun tribe inhabiting mostly the South Waziristan Agency in Federally Administered Tribal Areas of Pakistan. A minor number of Maseed lineages are settled in the Logar Province of Afghanistan, especially in Charkh District, Baraki barak and Muhammad Agha, but also in Wardak, Ghazni and Kunduz Provinces. The Maseeds inhabit the center and north of South Waziristan valley, surrounded on three sides by the Darweshkhel Wazirs, and being shut off by the Bettanis on the east from the Derajat and Bannu districts. Two Pashtun tribes, the Ahmadzai Wazirs and the Maseeds, inhabit and dominate South Waziristan. Within the heart of Maseed territory in South Waziristan lies the influential Ormur (Burki) tribe's stronghold of Kaniguram. The Ormurs are considered by other tribes of South Waziristan to be close brethren of the Maseeds due to marital and other ties and the fact that the Ormurs have lived in and controlled Kaniguram for over a thousand years. There are also some Maseeds living in the UAE, Germany and the United Kingdom.
Tank District is a district in Dera Ismail Khan Division of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province in Pakistan. The city of Tank is the capital of the district, which consists of Union Council City I and Union Council City II. There are sixteen Union councils of district Tank. Until 1992 Tank was a tehsil within Dera Ismail Khan District. Tank is bounded by the districts of Lakki Marwat to the northeast, Dera Ismail Khan to the east and southeast, FR Tank to the north and the South Waziristan Agency to the west. The climate in Tank reaches 110–120 °F. However, in the cold, harsh winters in the mountains to the west, people come to Tank to enjoy a pleasant stay and then return during the summer.
The Frontier Corps, is a paramilitary force of Pakistan that is currently stationed in the provinces of Balochistan and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, to maintain law and order while overseeing the control of the country's borders with Afghanistan and Iran. The Frontier Corps is an umbrella term for two separate organizations: FC NWFP stationed in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province, and FC Balochistan stationed in Balochistan province. Each subdivision is headed by a seconded inspector general, who is a Pakistan Army officer of at least major-general rank, although the force itself is under the jurisdiction of the Interior Ministry.
Sartōr Faqīr, also known as "Mullah Mastan or Mullah Mastana" Lewanai Faqir or Saidullah in Pashto and by the British as "The Great Fakir" or "Mad Faqir", "Mad Faqir of Swat" or the "Mad Mullah", was a Pashtun tribal leader and freedom fighter. His name Mullah Mastan translates to "God-intoxicated" as a reference to his religious convictions and his belief that he was capable of miraculous powers.
The Bettani, also spelled Baittani or Bhittani, is a Pashtun tribe located mostly in Afghanistan and Pakistan. The Bettani are named after Shaykh Beṭ, their legendary ancestor who is said to be the second son of Qais Abdur Rashid. The Bettani's are Sunni Muslims of Hanafi sect. The Bettani confederacy includes the tribes of Bettanis, and Matti tribes progeny of BiBi Mattu daughter of Sheikh Bettan. These include Lodi also known as Lohani, as well as the tribes of Marwat, and Niazi while Shirani has also been mentioned as part of Bettanis.
Sir John Stuart Donald served as the Chief Commissioner of the North West Frontier Province of British India from 1913 till 1915.
Bahlolzai is Pashtun tribe in Pakistan. Bahlolzai is considered a clan of the Mahsud tribe. They live in Mahsud area in south Waziristan.
The Babar or Babori tribe is a Pashtun tribe. The Babar diasporas is spread across Pakistan, and Afghanistan.
AYAZ KHAN HARIFAl The Harifal are a Pashtun tribe inhabiting the Sherani District in the Balochistan province of Pakistan, and, to a lesser extent, the surrounding districts of Afghanistan. The tribe mostly populates the western slopes of Shinghar, a mountain in the Suleiman Range, though a considerable number reside in the Zhob District. There is also a scattered population in the Duki subdivision of Loralai District, Sanjavi subdivision of the Ziarat District, a small population in Quetta, and some in Zarkanai Daraban of Dera Ismail Khan district. The word Harifal is also transliterated as Airf Aal, Haripal, and Hurreepaul.
Gomal is an administrative unit, known as Union council, of Tank District in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan. Union Council sarangzuna, parts of dabara union council namely Garwaki, Kot Hakim, Jatta Qila and union council Gomal combined form Gomal valley, commonly referred to as Gomal Ilaqa or Gomal Valley. Gomal valley share its borders with South Waziristan Agency in the west, FR Tank in the north, FR D.I.Khan In the south, D.I.Khan in the south east and Tank in the north East. There are two rivers that run through Gomal Valley namely Gomal river and Narsis River. Khand Wand, a small river, separates from Gomal River at Baikarah (sarangzuna) and falls into narsis river a couple of kilometers to the north of Jatta Qila. Gomal Valley comprises several village, including Garwaki, Gomal Bazar, Kot Nawaz, Kot Murtaza, Kot Azam, Kot Khadak and Kot Hakim. Villages of Raghza and Kot Manjhi reside on the southern side of Gomal river while Narsis reside on the northern side of Narsis River. The rest of the villages lie in the green land between the two rivers. Gomal Valley is known for its green and fertile fields. Wheat, Sugar cane, Rice are grown abundantly. Grapes, oranges, apple, and pomegranate are also grown. Gomal valley has a high density of trees.
Sarangzuna is an administrative unit, known as Union council, of Tank District in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan. Union Council sarangzuna, parts of dabara union council namely Garwaki, Kot Hakim, Jatta Qila and union council Gomal combined form Gomal valley, commonly referred to as Gomal Ilaqa or Gomal Valley. Gomal valley share its borders with South Waziristan Agency in the west, FR Tank in the north, FR D.I.Khan In the south, D.I.Khan in the south east and Tank in the north East. There are two rivers that run through Gomal Valley namely Gomal river and Narsis River. Khand Wand, a small river, separates from Gomal River at Baikarah (sarangzuna) and falls into narsis river a couple of kilometers to the north of Jatta Qila. Gomal Valley comprises several villages, namely Garwaki, Gomal Bazar, Kot Nawaz, Kot Murtaza, Kot Azam,Kot khadak and Kot hakim etc. Villages of Raghza and Kot Manjhi reside on the southern side of Gomal river while Narsis reside on the northern side of Narsis River. The rest of the villages lie in the green land between the two rivers. Gomal Valley is known for its green and fertile fields. Wheat, Sugar cane, Rice are grown abundantly. Grapes, oranges, apple, and pomegranate are also grown. Gomal valley has a high density of trees.