Nansenflua

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Nansenflua
Jan Mayen topography-fr.png
Map of Jan Mayen
Location Rekvedbukta off the southeastern coast of Jan Mayen
Coordinates 70°57′00″N8°28′01″W / 70.95°N 8.467°W / 70.95; -8.467 Coordinates: 70°57′00″N8°28′01″W / 70.95°N 8.467°W / 70.95; -8.467
Elevation−2 metres (−7 ft)
GeologyUndersea rock

Nansenflua is an undersea rock in the northern part of Rekvedbukta off the southeastern coast of Jan Mayen in the Arctic Ocean. The shoal is named after the ship HNoMS Fridtjof Nansen, which sank after striking the previously uncharted rock in November 1940. [1] [2] [3] Nansenflua is the only obstruction in Rekvedbukta. [2] The name Nansenflua was introduced in charts published by the Norwegian Polar Institute in 1955, and is included as a recognized name in Anders K. Orvin's 1960 paper The place-names of Jan Mayen. It follows a convention based on two then in force Orders in Council, dated 28 April 1933 and 31 May 1957, of using the Nynorsk grammatical form. The suffix "-a" in the feminine definite form was chosen, as no local dialect existed on Jan Mayen. The last part of the name, "flu(a)", means "rock awash", or "sunken rock". The geographical location is given by Orvin as 70°57′N08°28′W / 70.950°N 8.467°W / 70.950; -8.467 , with an exactitude of 1'. [4] The rock, located two meters under the surface, has a small top area and vertical sides of about twenty meters. It is located about one nautical mile from Eggøykalven and 1.7 nautical miles west-southwest of the peninsula Eggøya. [2] [5] [6] In anything but completely calm weather conditions, Nansenflua is visible by waves being broken against it. The rock is part of the remains of a crater. [6]

Shipwreck of HNoMS Fridtjof Nansen

Under the command of the exiled Royal Norwegian Navy, the offshore patrol vessel HNoMS Fridtjof Nansen visited Jan Mayen in September 1940, in order to destroy and evacuate the weather station northeast of Eggøya. The ship returned in November of the same year to disrupt German plans to re-establish a weather station on the island. Entering the bay of Rekvedbukta on 8 November 1940 in calm weather, the ship collided with the hitherto unknown shoal, rapidly heeling 45°. The whole crew of 66 entered the lifeboats. The boats reached the shore during darkness, and by the next morning the ship had sunk. Four days later the shipwrecked crew was rescued by the naval trawler HNoMS Honningsvåg and brought to Iceland. [6] [7] The wreck of Fridtjof Nansen, which had a length of 72.8 m (238.85 ft) and a displacement of 1,275 short tons (1,157 t), [8] is probably still located near the rock.[ citation needed ]

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Eggøya

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Trollsletta

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Kapp Traill

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Eggøykalven

Eggøykalven is an islet south of the peninsula of Eggøya at the southern part of Jan Mayen. It is located just about 80 meters west of the point of Eggøyodden, and southeast of the bay Eggøybukta. The islet was earlier much higher, but has been significantly worn down by the ocean.

References

  1. Richter, Søren (1946). "Jan Mayen i krigsårene: Minner fra det første stykke norsk land vi besatte og holdt under hele krigen". Norwegian Journal of Geography (in Norwegian). 11 (2): 15. doi:10.1080/00291954608551617.
  2. 1 2 3 Arctic Pilot: Sailing directions SvalbardJan Mayen. 7. Stavanger: The Norwegian Hydrographic Service and The Norwegian Polar Institute. 1988. pp. 405–406. ISBN   978-82-90653-06-9.
  3. Selinger, Franz (2001). Von "Nanok" bis "Eismitte": meteorologische Unternehmungen in der Arktis 19401945. Schriften des Deutschen Schiffahrtsmuseums (in German). 53. Hamburg: Convent. p. 26. ISBN   9783934613126.
  4. Orvin, Anders K (1960). "The place-names of Jan Mayen". Skrifter. 120. Norsk Polarinstitutt.Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  5. "Nansenflua (Jan Mayen)". Norwegian Polar Institute . Retrieved 4 August 2013.
  6. 1 2 3 Liversidge, Douglas; Schøning, Einar Th. (Tr.) (1961). Den tredje front (in Norwegian). Oslo: Mortensen. p. 23. OCLC   33385645.
  7. Barr, Susan (1991). "Jan Mayen 194045: Øya X". Jan Mayen. Norges utpost i vest. Øyas historie gjennom 1500 år (in Norwegian). Oslo: Schibsted. pp. 145–184. ISBN   978-82-516-1353-8.
  8. Abelsen, Frank (1986). Norwegian naval ships 19391945 (in Norwegian and English). Oslo: Sem & Stenersen AS. p. 210. ISBN   978-82-7046-050-2.