NewsBank

Last updated
NewsBank
Newsbanklogo.png
NewsBank logo
MottoProviding easy access to the world's largest repository of reliable information
Formation1972
Founder John Naisbitt
Merger of Readex
TypeCorporation
Legal statusActive
Headquarters Naples, Florida, United States
Region
United States
Canada
ServicesNews database and educational archive resource
Official language
English
President and CEO
Dan Jones
Website newsbank.com

NewsBank is a news database resource that provides archives of media publications as reference materials to libraries.

Contents

History

1997 NewsBank President Daniel S. Jones statement before United States Congress. 1997 NewsBank President Daniel S. Jones statement before United States Congress.pdf
1997 NewsBank President Daniel S. Jones statement before United States Congress.

John Naisbitt, the author of the book Megatrends, founded NewsBank. [1] The company was launched in 1972. [2] NewsBank was bought from Naisbitt by Daniel S. Jones, who subsequently became its president. [1] [2] Naisbitt left NewsBank in 1973. [3]

John Naisbitt is an American author and public speaker in the area of futures studies. His first book Megatrends: Ten New Directions Transforming Our Lives was published in 1982. It was the result of almost ten years of research. It was on The New York Times Best Seller List for two years, mostly as No. 1. Megatrends was published in 57 countries and sold more than 14 million copies.

In 1986 NewsBank had one hundred employees in-house. [1] Another one hundred employees worked from home and traveled to the company's headquarters, bring back newspapers to their residence from there, and then come back to the company with indexed information on these publications. [1] The company's headquarters in 1986 was in New Canaan, Connecticut. [4] Chris Andrews was brought on in 1986 as product manager for CD-ROM. [1] His job was to help the company transition from a paper format of delivery to libraries, so that its indexes and full-text articles were available in CD-ROM format. [5] The subscription price for this service initially was US$5,000 per library. [5] Visitors to libraries found that their search time was cut from 30 minutes using paper indexes to five minutes using CD-ROM. [5] NewsBank used an arbitrary selection process for determining which news articles the company considered worthy for archiving; it based their selection on articles that were more likely to be widely appealing to a larger potential audience of future researchers, not simply stories of regional interest. [3]

New Canaan, Connecticut Town in Connecticut, United States

New Canaan is a town in Fairfield County, Connecticut, United States. The population was 19,738 according to the 2010 census. New Canaan is one of the wealthiest communities in the U.S; in 2008 it had the highest median family income in the country and was listed at #1 on CNN's list of "top-earning towns" in the United States.

CD-ROM pre-pressed compact disc containing computer data

A CD-ROM is a pre-pressed optical compact disc that contains data. Computers can read—but not write to or erase—CD-ROMs, i.e. it is a type of read-only memory.

United States dollar Currency of the United States of America

The United States dollar is the official currency of the United States and its territories per the United States Constitution since 1792. In practice, the dollar is divided into 100 smaller cent (¢) units, but is occasionally divided into 1000 mills (₥) for accounting. The circulating paper money consists of Federal Reserve Notes that are denominated in United States dollars.

In 1992 NewsBank had difficulty providing its users with a method to search for information based upon a specific location. Newspaper results were listed by subject matter first and then subsequently by location. At the time, it indexed articles via microfiche from more than 400 media publications in the United States. [6] The company announced in 1993 a CD-ROM product indexing full text of 35 publications including The Christian Science Monitor , The Washington Post , Los Angeles Times , The Dallas Morning News , Chicago Tribune , The Boston Globe , and The Atlanta Journal-Constitution . [7] In 1994 NewsBank was the only company providing researchers access to an index to periodical literature in the subject of theater with its NewsBank's Review of the Arts: Performing Arts on CD-ROM. [8] NewsBank started compiling the full text of articles related to the local economy of geographic areas and providing this information via CD-ROM to its clients in 1994. [9] The privately held company was cited by The Information Advisor as bringing in annual revenue of approximately $19 million, and employing a staff of 350 people. [9] By 1998, NewsBank provided indexes via CD-ROM to newspaper articles from over 450 cities in the United States. [10]

<i>The Christian Science Monitor</i> Nonprofit news organization owned by the Church of Christ, Scientist

The Christian Science Monitor (CSM) is a nonprofit news organization that publishes daily articles in electronic format as well as a weekly print edition. It was founded in 1908 as a daily newspaper by Mary Baker Eddy, the founder of the Church of Christ, Scientist. As of 2011, the print circulation was 75,052.

<i>The Washington Post</i> Daily broadsheet newspaper published in Washington, D.C.

The Washington Post is a major American daily newspaper published in Washington, D.C., with a particular emphasis on national politics and the federal government. It has the largest circulation in the Washington metropolitan area. Its slogan "Democracy Dies in Darkness" began appearing on its masthead in 2017. Daily broadsheet editions are printed for the District of Columbia, Maryland, and Virginia.

<i>Los Angeles Times</i> Daily newspaper published in Los Angeles, California

The Los Angeles Times is a daily newspaper which has been published in Los Angeles, California, since 1881. It has the fourth largest circulation among United States newspapers, and is the largest U.S. newspaper not headquartered on the East Coast. The paper is known for its coverage of issues particularly salient to the U.S. West Coast, such as immigration trends and natural disasters. It has won more than 40 Pulitzer Prizes for its coverage of these and other issues. As of June 18, 2018, ownership of the paper is controlled by Patrick Soon-Shiong, and the executive editor is Norman Pearlstine.

In 2000, NewsBank merged with Readex. [11] With the completion of the merger, NewsBank had acquired one of the earliest organizations in America to archive microform. [11] In 2001 NewsBank compiled the Foreign Broadcast Information Service index and made it available via CD-ROM. [12] NewsBank joined forces with Micromedia, Ltd., a division of IHS Canada, to help distribute its products in 2001. [13] In 2004 NewsBank maintained archival access to hundreds of media references since 1996. [14] In 2005 NewsBank was structured in a pay-for-use format, with access differentiated for different types of users including public libraries, public schools, as well as higher education settings. [15]

Readex, a division of NewsBank since 1984, publishes collections of primary source research materials. In the early 1940s, publisher Albert Boni, co-founder of the Modern Library, formed the Readex Microprint Corporation in New York City and Chester, Vermont. In 1955, the American Antiquarian Society invited Readex to publish in microprint Early American Imprints, Series I: Evans, 1639-1800. This partnership led to the publication of Early American Imprints, Series II: Shaw-Shoemaker, 1801-1819 and Early American Newspapers, Series 1, 1690-1876.

Microform Forms with microreproductions of documents

Microforms are scaled-down reproductions of documents, typically either films or paper, made for the purposes of transmission, storage, reading, and printing. Microform images are commonly reduced to about one twenty-fifth of the original document size. For special purposes, greater optical reductions may be used.

Foreign Broadcast Information Service (FBIS) was an open source intelligence component of the Central Intelligence Agency's Directorate of Science and Technology. It monitored, translated, and disseminated within the U.S. government openly available news and information from media sources outside the United States. Its headquarters was in Rosslyn, Virginia 38.8959°N 77.0727°W, later Reston, Virginia 38.955°N 77.359°W, and it maintained approximately 20 monitoring stations worldwide. In November 2005, it was announced that FBIS would become the newly formed Open Source Center, tasked with the collection and analysis of freely available intelligence.

NewsBank reached an agreement in 2011 with The Daily Northwestern newspaper of Northwestern University to archive all of its historical publications. [16] The task archived more than 90,000 pages of material from the school. [16] It included a plan to archive not just The Daily Northwestern but also prior related publications from 1871 to 2000, and index the material so it could be keyword searchable on the Internet. [16] Dan Jones, President and CEO of NewsBank, had a prior relationship with the university, serving as a university trustee and president-elect of the Northwestern Alumni Association. [16]

<i>The Daily Northwestern</i> newspaper in Evanston, Illinois

The Daily Northwestern is the student newspaper at Northwestern University which is published on weekdays during the academic year. Founded in 1881, and printed in Evanston, Illinois, it is staffed only by undergraduates, many of whom are students at Northwestern's Medill School of Journalism.

Northwestern University Private research university in Illinois, United States

Northwestern University (NU) is a private research university based in Evanston, Illinois, United States, with other campuses located in Chicago and Doha, Qatar, and academic programs and facilities in Miami, Florida; Washington, D.C.; and San Francisco, California. Along with its selective undergraduate programs, Northwestern is known for its Kellogg School of Management, Pritzker School of Law, Feinberg School of Medicine, Bienen School of Music, Medill School of Journalism, and McCormick School of Engineering and Applied Science.

In 2013 NewsBank provided users with its service Access World News, which Reference Skills for the School Librarian called the "world's largest full-text news database". [17] According to the book Communication and Language Analysis in the Public Sphere, in 2014 NewsBank contained "over 990 news sources, with each state in the U.S. represented, as well as national publications, television and radio programs." [18]

Reception

The 2004 book Reference Sources in History by Ronald H. Fritze, Brian E. Coutts, and Louis Andrew Vyhnanek wrote that: "NewsBank is one of the world's largest information providers." [11] In her book Journalism: A Guide to the Reference Literature (2004), Jo A. Cates said: "NewsBank is a massive database, the NewsFile Collection alone providing access to full text articles in more than 500 newspapers, wire services, and broadcasts." [19] The 2013 book Reference Skills for the School Librarian by authors Ann Marlow Riedling, Loretta Shake, and Cynthia Houston called NewsBank a "popular indexing series". [17] They pointed out that NewsBank provided access to "an easy-to-search database of articles, activities, and lesson plans for the elementary and middle grades, covering key issues and events in every subject area." [17]

See also

Notes

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 Andrews 1998, p. 17.
  2. 1 2 "Company Overview of NewsBank, Inc". BloombergBusiness. October 3, 2015. Archived from the original on October 3, 2015. Retrieved October 3, 2015.
  3. 1 2 McClellan 1987, p. 87.
  4. Andrews 1998, p. 18.
  5. 1 2 3 Andrews 1998, p. 19.
  6. Anderson 1992, pp. 135–137.
  7. "Full-text newspaper collections". Information Today. May 1, 1993 via HighBeam Research.
  8. Sheehy 1994, pp. 158–160.
  9. 1 2 "Searching business news on CD-ROM: Business NewsBank Plus vs. Business Dateline". The Information Advisor. January 1, 1994 via HighBeam Research.
  10. "Research papers can be breeze". Post-Tribune . September 18, 1998 via HighBeam Research.
  11. 1 2 3 Fritze 2004, pp. 107–108; 291.
  12. Sears 2001, p. 40.
  13. "Micromedia, Ltd. Partners with NewsBank, Books24x7.Com". Information Today. March 1, 2001 via HighBeam Research.
  14. Martirosyan 2004, p. 160.
  15. Martin 2005, pp. 36–37.
  16. 1 2 3 4 Leopold, Wendy (June 14, 2011). "130 years of Daily Northwestern". State News Service via HighBeam Research.
  17. 1 2 3 Riedling 2013, p. 93.
  18. Hart 2014, p. 41.
  19. Cates 2004, pp. 82–83.

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References

Further reading