Pollienus Auspex (consul under Commodus)

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Pollienus Auspex [note 1] (fl. 3rd century AD) was a Roman military officer and senator who was appointed suffect consul around AD 185. His praenomen is thought to be Tiberius.

Roman Empire Period of Imperial Rome following the Roman Republic (27 BC–476 AD)

The Roman Empire was the post-Roman Republic period of the ancient Roman civilization. Ruled by emperors, it had large territorial holdings around the Mediterranean Sea in Europe, North Africa, the Middle East, and the Caucasus. From the constitutional reforms of Augustus to the military anarchy of the third century, the Empire was a principate ruled from the city of Rome. The Roman Empire was then ruled by multiple emperors and divided in a Western Roman Empire, based in Milan and later Ravenna, and an Eastern Roman Empire, based in Nicomedia and later Constantinople. Rome remained the nominal capital of both parts until 476 AD, when Odoacer deposed Romulus Augustus after capturing Ravenna and the Senate of Rome sent the imperial regalia to Constantinople. The fall of the Western Roman Empire to barbarian kings, along with the hellenization of the Eastern Roman Empire into the Byzantine Empire, is conventionally used to mark the end of Ancient Rome and the beginning of the Middle Ages.

Senate of the Roman Empire

The Senate of the Roman Empire was a political institution in the ancient Roman Empire. After the fall of the Roman Republic, the constitutional balance of power shifted from the "Roman Senate" to the "Roman Emperor." Beginning with the first emperor, Augustus, the Emperor and the Senate were technically two co-equal branches of government. In practice, however the actual authority of the imperial Senate was negligible, as the Emperor held the true power of the state. As such, membership in the Senate became sought after by individuals seeking prestige and social standing, rather than actual authority. During the reigns of the first Emperors, legislative, judicial, and electoral powers were all transferred from the "Roman assemblies" to the Senate. However, since the control that the Emperor held over the senate was absolute, the Senate acted as a vehicle through which the Emperor exercised his autocratic powers.

Roman consul High political office in ancient Rome

A consul held the highest elected political office of the Roman Republic, and ancient Romans considered the consulship the highest level of the cursus honorum.

Contents

Biography

Pollienus Auspex was a member of the possibly Italian gens Pollieni, and the son of Pollienus Auspex. He reached the office of suffect consul sometime before AD 193, most likely around AD 185. However, from this point on, dates are obscure, and his career has been dated from anywhere from the reign of Commodus to that of Alexander Severus.

Pollienus Auspex was a Roman military officer and senator who was appointed suffect consul sometime between AD 170 and 174. His praenomen is thought to be Tiberius.

Commodus Emperor of Ancient Rome

Commodus, born Lucius Aurelius Commodus and died Lucius Aelius Aurelius Commodus, was Roman emperor with his father Marcus Aurelius from 177 to his father's death in 180, and solely until 192.

His next appointment was probably as Iudex ex delegatione Caesarum or Vice Augg cognoscens (the judicial deputy of the emperor in Rome), which he held either before 192, or between 197 and 202, or around 218-9. Auspex also held a number of provincial commands around this time, appointed Legatus Augusti pro praetore of Hispania Tarraconensis (between 186-189, or 193-197, or 222-235), Dacia (between 190-192, or 193-197, or 222-235), Moesia Inferior (between 193-197, or 222-235) and Britannia (if held between 193-197) or Britannia Superior (if held around AD 230). [1]

Legatus Augusti pro praetore

A legatus Augusti pro praetore was the official title of the governor or general of some imperial provinces of the Roman Empire during the Principate era, normally the larger ones or those where legions were based. Provinces were denoted imperial if their governor was selected by the emperor, in contrast to senatorial provinces, whose governors were elected by the Roman Senate.

Hispania Tarraconensis Roman province

Hispania Tarraconensis was one of three Roman provinces in Hispania. It encompassed much of the Mediterranean coast of modern Spain along with the central plateau. Southern Spain, the region now called Andalusia, was the province of Hispania Baetica. On the Atlantic west lay the province of Lusitania, partially coincident with modern-day Portugal.

Roman Dacia Roman province

Roman Dacia was a province of the Roman Empire from 106 to 274–275 AD. Its territory consisted of eastern and south-eastern Transylvania, the Banat and Oltenia. It was from the very beginning organized as an imperial province, fitting a border area, and remained so throughout the Roman occupation. Historians' estimates of the population of Roman Dacia range from 650,000 to 1,200,000.

Although traditionally described as being Pollienus Auspex’s biological son, Tiberius Julius Pollienus Auspex has also been identified by some scholars as being the same individual as this Pollienus Auspex. [2] If his career was dated to the reign of Alexander Severus, then Pollienus Auspex was also probably the adoptive father of Tiberius Pollienus Armenius Peregrinus.

Tiberius Julius Pollienus Auspex was a Roman senator who was appointed suffect consul between AD 212 and 222.

Tiberius Pollienus Armenius Peregrinus was a Roman senator who was appointed consul in AD 244.

Footnotes

  1. There has been enormous scholarly discussion over what offices should be assigned to this Pollienus Auspex and which to his father of the same name. This reconstruction is taken from Mennen’s Power and Status in the Roman Empire, AD 193-284 (2011), pgs. 116-118

Sources

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References

  1. Mennen, p. 116
  2. Mennen, p. 117
Political offices
Preceded by
Uncertain
Consul suffectus of the Roman Empire
around AD 185
Succeeded by
Uncertain