Postmaster General of Canada

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Postmasters General of Canada, 1851-1929
Credit: Agnes Macdonald, Baroness Macdonald of Earnscliffe Collection. / Library and Archives Canada / PA-066694 Postmasters General of Canada 1831 to 1929.jpg
Postmasters General of Canada, 1851-1929
Credit: Agnes Macdonald, Baroness Macdonald of Earnscliffe Collection. / Library and Archives Canada / PA-066694

The Postmaster General of Canada was the Canadian cabinet minister responsible for the Post Office Department (Canada Post). In 1851, management of the post office was transferred from Britain (Royal Mail) to the provincial governments of the Province of Canada, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island. The position of Postmaster General was established in each province. With Canadian Confederation in 1867, a single position was created replacing this post in all of the above provinces except Newfoundland; this position was abolished in 1981 when the post office was transformed from a government department into a crown corporation. From 1900 until 1909 the Postmaster General was also responsible for the Department of Labour.

Canada Post Corporation, known more simply as Canada Post, is a Crown corporation which functions as the primary postal operator in Canada. Originally known as Royal Mail Canada, rebranding was done to the "Canada Post" name in the late 1960s, even though it had not yet been separated from the government. On October 16, 1981, the Canada Post Corporation Act came into effect. This abolished the Post Office Department and created the present day Crown corporation which provides postal service. The act aimed to set a new direction for the postal service by ensuring the postal service's financial security and independence.

A post office is a public department that provides a customer service to the public and handles their mail needs. Post offices offer mail-related services such as acceptance of letters and parcels; provision of post office boxes; and sale of postage stamps, packaging, and stationery. In addition, many post offices offer additional services: providing and accepting government forms, processing government services and fees, and banking services. The chief administrator of a post office is called a postmaster.

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland Historical sovereign state from 1801 to 1927

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland was established by the Acts of Union 1800, which merged the kingdoms of Great Britain and Ireland.


Postmasters General

Alexander Campbell
under MacDonald (July 1, 1867 – June 30, 1873)
John O'Connor
under Macdonald (July 1, 1873 – November 5, 1873)
Donald Alexander Macdonald
under MacKenzie (November 7, 1873 – May 17, 1875)
Télesphore Fournier
under Mackenzie (May 19, 1875 – October 7, 1875)
Lucius Seth Huntington
under Mackenzie (October 9, 1875 – October 8, 1878)
Hector Louis Langevin
under Macdonald (October 19, 1878 – May 19, 1879)
Sir Alexander Campbell
under Macdonald (May 20, 1879 – January 15, 1880) (second time)
John O'Connor
under Macdonald (January 16, 1880 – November 7, 1880) (second time)
Sir Alexander Campbell
under Macdonald (November 8, 1880 – May 18, 1881) (third time)
John O'Connor
under Macdonald (May 20, 1881 – May 22, 1882) (third time)
John Carling
under Macdonald (May 23, 1882 – September 24, 1885)
Sir Alexander Campbell
under Macdonald (September 25, 1885 – January 26, 1887) (fourth time)
Archibald McLelan
under Macdonald (January 27, 1887 – July 9, 1888)
John Carling
under Macdonald (July 11, 1888 – August 5, 1888) (second time)
John Graham Haggart
under Macdonald (August 6, 1888 – June 6, 1891)
under Abbott (June 16, 1891 – January 24, 1892)
Sir Joseph Philippe René Adolphe Caron
under Abbott (January 25, 1892 – November 24, 1892)
under Thompson (December 5, 1892 – December 12, 1894)
Louis-Olivier Taillon
under Mackenzie Bowell (December 21, 1894 – July 8, 1896)
Sir William Mulock
under Laurier (July 13, 1896 – October 15, 1905)
Allen Bristol Aylesworth
under Laurier (October 16, 1905 – June 3, 1906)
Rodolphe Lemieux
under Laurier (June 4, 1906 – August 10, 1911)
Henri Sévérin Béland
under Laurier (August 19, 1911 – October 6, 1911)
Louis-Philippe Pelletier
under Borden (October 10, 1911 – October 19, 1914)
Thomas Chase-Casgrain
under Borden (October 20, 1914 – December 29, 1916)
Pierre Édouard Blondin
under Borden (January 8, 1917 – July 10, 1920)
under Meighen (July 10, 1920 – September 20, 1921)
Louis-de-Gonzague Belley
under Meighen (September 21, 1921 – December 29, 1921)
Charles Murphy
under King (December 29, 1921 – June 28, 1926)
Robert James Manion
under Meighen (August 23, 1926 – September 25, 1926)
Peter John Veniot
under King (September 25, 1926 – August 7, 1930)
Arthur Sauvé
under Bennett (August 7, 1930 – August 13, 1935)
Samuel Gobeil
under Bennett (August 16, 1935 – October 23, 1935)
John Campbell Elliott
under King (October 23, 1935 – January 22, 1939)
Norman Alexander McLarty
under King (January 23, 1939 – September 18, 1939)
Charles Gavan Power
under King (September 19, 1939 – May 22, 1940)
James Lorimer Ilsley
under King (May 23, 1940 – July 7, 1940)
William Pate Mulock
under King (July 8, 1940 – June 8, 1945)
Ernest Bertrand
under King (August 29, 1945 – November 15, 1948)
under St. Laurent (November 15, 1948 – August 23, 1949)
Gabriel Édouard Rinfret
under St. Laurent (August 25, 1949 – February 12, 1952)
Alcide Côté
under St. Laurent (February 13, 1952 – August 7, 1955)
Roch Pinard
under St. Laurent (August 16, 1955 – November 2, 1955)
Hugues Lapointe
under St. Laurent (November 3, 1955 – June 21, 1957)
William McLean Hamilton
under Diefenbaker (June 21, 1957 – July 12, 1962)
John Angus MacLean
under Diefenbaker (July 18, 1962 – August 8, 1962)
Ellen Louks Fairclough
under Diefenbaker (August 9, 1962 – April 22, 1963)
Azellus Denis
under Pearson (April 22, 1963 – February 2, 1964)
John Robert Nicholson
under Pearson (February 2, 1964 – February 14, 1965)
René Tremblay
under Pearson (February 15, 1965 – December 17, 1965)
Joseph Julien Jean-Pierre Côté
under Pearson (December 18, 1965 – April 20, 1968)
under Trudeau (April 20, 1968 – July 5, 1968)
Eric William Kierans
under Trudeau (July 5, 1968 – April 28, 1971)
Joseph Julien Jean-Pierre Côté
under Trudeau (April 29, 1971 – November 26, 1972) (second time)
André Ouellet
under Trudeau (November 27, 1972 – August 7, 1974)
Bryce Stuart Mackasey
under Trudeau (August 8, 1974 – September 13, 1976)
Jean-Jacques Blais
under Trudeau (September 14, 1976 – February 1, 1978)
Gilles Lamontagne
under Trudeau (February 2, 1978 – June 3, 1979)
John Allen Fraser
under Clark (June 4, 1979 – March 2, 1980)
André Ouellet
under Trudeau (March 3, 1980 – October 15, 1981) (second time)

Canada Post Corporation has had its own CEO and President since 1981, who has most of the administrative responsibilities previously exercised by the Postmaster General. With the abolition of the position of Postmaster General the legislative and certain other duties previously exercised by the Postmaster General were transferred to the new position of Minister responsible for Canada Post Corporation.

The Minister responsible for Canada Post Corporation is a member of the Canadian Cabinet responsible for Canada Post Corporation, the federal Crown corporation responsible for Canada's postal service. The position was created in 1981 assuming some of the responsibilities previously exercised by the Postmaster General of Canada.

See also

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