RAI National Symphony Orchestra

Last updated
RAI National Symphony Orchestra
Rai Orchestra - Logo 2017.svg
Official logo (2017)
Native nameOrchestra Sinfonica Nazionale della RAI
Founded1994;28 years ago (1994)
Location Turin, Italy
Concert hallAuditorium RAI
Website Official website

The RAI National Symphony Orchestra (Italian : Orchestra Sinfonica Nazionale della RAI) is an Italian symphony radio orchestra, owned by the public radio and television company RAI. Its primary concert venue is the Auditorium RAI in the Piazza Rossaro in Turin. Its concerts are broadcast on Rai Radio 3. The current artistic director is Ernesto Schiavi.


The orchestra was formed in 1994 by the merger of four former RAI orchestras of Turin, Milan, Rome, and Naples, which had been founded starting in 1931.


The orchestra performing at the annual MITO SettembreMusica [it] festival in September 2008 MITO Orchestra Sinfonica RAI.jpg
The orchestra performing at the annual MITO SettembreMusica  [ it ] festival in September 2008

In 1931, the EIAR, Italy's newly formed public radio authority, founded its first symphony orchestra in Turin. Subsequent radio orchestras were established in Rome (1936), Milan (1950) and Naples (1948, integrated to the RAI in 1956).

In 1994, the RAI merged its four orchestras (RAI Symphony Orchestra of Turin, RAI Symphony Orchestra of Rome, RAI Symphony Orchestra of Milan, and RAI Alessandro Scarlatti Chamber Orchestra of Naples) to form the national orchestra, based in Turin. The new ensemble's opening concerts were led by Georges Prêtre and Giuseppe Sinopoli.

From 1996 to 2001, Eliahu Inbal held the title of Direttore onorario (honorary conductor) of the orchestra. Jeffrey Tate was principal guest conductor of the orchestra from 1998 to 2002, and had the title of Direttore onorario until July 2011. Rafael Frühbeck de Burgos was principal conductor of the orchestra from 2001 to 2007. Gianandrea Noseda was principal guest conductor from 2003 to 2006. From 2009 to 2016, Juraj Valčuha was principal conductor of the orchestra.

James Conlon first guest-conducted the orchestra in 2009. In June 2015, the orchestra announced the appointment of Conlon as its next principal conductor, effective with the 2016–2017 season. [1] [2] In May 2021, the orchestra announced the appointments of Fabio Luisi as its conductor emeritus and of Robert Treviño as its next principal guest conductor. Treviño's contract is for 3 years. [3]

Principal conductors

Related Research Articles

Dallas Symphony Orchestra Orchestra

The Dallas Symphony Orchestra (DSO) is an American orchestra based in Dallas, Texas. Its principal performing venue is the Morton H. Meyerson Symphony Center in the Arts District of downtown Dallas.

Montreal Symphony Orchestra

The Montreal Symphony Orchestra is a Canadian symphony orchestra based in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. The orchestra’s home is the Montreal Symphony House at Place des Arts. It is the only orchestra in the world that possesses an octobass.

Rafael Frühbeck de Burgos Spanish conductor and composer

Rafael Frühbeck de Burgos was a Spanish conductor and composer. Frühbeck was born in Burgos, Spain to a family of German ancestry. He first took up conducting while on military service in the Spanish Army before graduating from the Hochschule für Musik in Munich. Frühbeck was principal conductor of various orchestras around the world, starting with the Bilbao Symphony Orchestra from 1958 to 1962, then moving on to the Spanish National Orchestra, Yomiuri Nippon Symphony Orchestra of Tokyo and many others. Throughout his career Frühbeck de Burgos recorded on a number of labels. He was a member of the Academy of Fine Arts and History Institución Fernán González. His honours include the 2011 Conductor of the Year award from Musical America.

The Vienna Symphony is an Austrian orchestra based in Vienna. Its primary concert venue is the Vienna Konzerthaus. In Vienna, the orchestra also performs at the Musikverein and at the Theater an der Wien.

Danish National Symphony Orchestra Danish orchestra

The Danish National Symphony Orchestra, is a Danish orchestra based in Copenhagen. The DNSO is the principal orchestra of DR. The DRSO is based at the Koncerthuset concert hall in Copenhagen.

Fabio Luisi Italian conductor

Fabio Luisi is an Italian conductor. He is general music director of the Zurich Opera, principal conductor of the Danish National Symphony Orchestra, and music director of the Dallas Symphony Orchestra.

Milan Horvat was a Croatian conductor.

Orchestra dellAccademia Nazionale di Santa Cecilia

The Orchestra dell'Accademia Nazionale di Santa Cecilia is an Italian symphony orchestra based in Rome. Resident at the Parco della Musica, the orchestra primarily performs its Rome concerts in the Sala Santa Cecilia.

Roberto Abbado Italian conductor

Roberto Abbado is an Italian opera and symphonic music conductor. Currently he is Artistic Partner of The Saint Paul Chamber Orchestra. In 2015 he has been appointed Music Director of Palau de les Arts Reina Sofia in Valencia, Spain. From 2018 he's Music Director of the Festival Verdi in Parma. Previously he held the position of Chief Conductor of Münchner Rundfunkorchester.

Nicola Samale

Nicola Samale, is a composer and conductor.

The Orchestra Sinfonica di Milano Giuseppe Verdi is an Italian orchestra based in Milan. The orchestra refers to itself as La Verdi colloquially. The orchestra's primary residence is the Auditorium di Milano Fondazione Cariplo.

Alessandro Siciliani

Alessandro Siciliani is an Italian conductor of opera and symphonic music. He is also a composer of symphonic music. Siciliani was born in Florence, Italy, the son of Ambra and Francesco Siciliani, the celebrated opera impresario. Siciliani currently resides in Columbus, Ohio, where he was the music director of the Columbus Symphony Orchestra from 1992 to 2004.

Ryan McAdams American conductor (born 1982)

Ryan Bell McAdams is an American conductor.

Malmö Symphony Orchestra

The Malmö Symphony Orchestra is a Swedish orchestra, based in Malmö. Since 2015, it has been resident at the Malmö Live Concert Hall. The orchestra has a complement of 94 musicians.

Filippo Maria Bressan is an Italian conductor.

Nicholas Carthy was a Principal Conductor of the Orchestra della Svizzera Italiana (1993–96), is Professor of Music and Opera Music Director at the University of Colorado, and is visiting tutor at the Royal Northern College of Music.

Gian Luigi Zampieri is an Italian conductor.

Juraj Valčuha is a Slovak conductor who has worked mainly in Italy and France. He is the designated conductor of the Houston Symphony Orchestra from the 2022/23 season.

Michele Mariotti, born in 1979 in Urbino, near Pesaro, is an Italian conductor, the direttore musicale since 2014 of Teatro Comunale di Bologna. A graduate in composition of Pesaro's Conservatorio Rossini, where he also studied orchestral conducting, he made his professional opera debut with Il barbiere di Siviglia in Salerno on Oct. 12, 2005. As of April 2017, his repertory included nine Rossini and eight Verdi operas, an extraordinary achievement, as well as symphonies of Beethoven, Bruckner and Schubert, the Rossini Stabat mater, the Mozart Requiem and the Verdi Requiem.

Robert Treviño American conductor

Robert Treviño is an American conductor. He is currently music director of the Basque National Orchestra in Spain, principal guest conductor of the Orchestra Sinfonica Nazionale della RAI, and artistic advisor of the Malmö Symphony Orchestra in Sweden.


  1. "James Conlon takes Turin conductorship". Gramophone. 2015-06-10. Retrieved 2015-06-13.
  2. "Orchestra in Turin, Italy, Names James Conlon as Principal Conductor". The New York Times (ArtsBeat blog). 2015-06-09. Retrieved 2021-05-06.
  3. "Fabio Luisi Direttore Emerito e Robert Trevino Direttore Ospite Principale Dell'Orchestra RAI" (Press release). RAI National Symphony Orchestra. 4 May 2021. Retrieved 2021-05-06.