Rizal

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Rizal
Province of Rizal
Rizal capitol antipolo.jpg
Sapot Masungi Georserve.jpg
The Beauty of Hinulugang taktak Falls.jpg
Pililla Wind Farm - wind turbines, mountain view (Pililla, Rizal)(2019-01-20).JPG
Angono Petroglyphs.jpg
Clockwise (from the top): Rizal Provincial Capitol, Hinulugang Taktak, Angono Petroglyphs, Pililla Wind Farm, Masungi Georeserve
Rizal Flag.png
Flag
Ph seal rizal.png
Seal
Anthem: Rizal Mabuhay
Rizal in Philippines.svg
Location in the Philippines
OpenStreetMap
Rizal
Coordinates: 14°40′N121°15′E / 14.67°N 121.25°E / 14.67; 121.25 Coordinates: 14°40′N121°15′E / 14.67°N 121.25°E / 14.67; 121.25
Country Philippines
Region Calabarzon
Founded June 11, 1901
Named for Jose Rizal
Capital Antipolo
Government
  Type Sangguniang Panlalawigan
   Governor Rebecca Ynares (NPC)
   Vice Governor Reynaldo H. San Juan, Jr. (PFP)
Area
[1]
  Total1,191.94 km2 (460.21 sq mi)
Area rank73rd out of 81
Population
 (2020 census) [2]
  Total3,330,143
  Rank5th out of 81
  Density2,800/km2 (7,200/sq mi)
  Density rank1st out of 81
Demonym(s) Rizaleño
Divisions
   Independent cities 0
   Component cities
   Municipalities
   Barangays 188
   Districts 1st to 4th districts of Rizal, 1st and 2nd districts of Antipolo
Demographics
   Ethnic groups
   Languages
Time zone UTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
1850–1990
IDD : area code +63(0)2
ISO 3166 code PH-RIZ
Website rizalprovince.ph OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg

Rizal, officially the Province of Rizal (Tagalog : Lalawigan ng Rizal), is a province in the Philippines located in the Calabarzon region in Luzon. Its capital is the city of Antipolo. It is about 16 kilometres (9.9 mi) east of Manila. The province is named after José Rizal, one of the main national heroes of the Philippines. Rizal is bordered by Metro Manila to the west, Bulacan to the north, Quezon to the east and Laguna to the southeast. The province also lies on the northern shores of Laguna de Bay, the largest lake in the country. Rizal is a mountainous province perched on the western slopes of the southern portion of the Sierra Madre mountain range.

Contents

Pasig served as its capital until 1975, when it became a part of the newly created National Capital Region. A provincial capitol has been in Antipolo since 2009, making it the administrative center. On June 19, 2020, President Rodrigo Duterte signed Republic Act No. 11475, which designated Antipolo as the capital of Rizal. [3] [4]

This province is a part of Greater Manila Area.

History

Tagalog settlement arrived some time in the pre-Spanish period. The provincial territory began with the organization of the Tondo province and Laguna province during the Spanish administration. Some of the towns like Pasig, Parañaque, Taytay and Cainta were already thriving.

From the reports of the Encomiendas in 1582–1583, the Encomiendas of Moron (Morong) was under the jurisdiction of La Laguna and, the Encomiendas of Passi (Pasig), Taitay (Taytay) and Tagui (Taguig) belonged to the Province of Tondo. It was recorded that in 1591, the Encomiendas of Moron and Taitay were under the jurisdiction of the Franciscan Order in the Province of La Laguna; and the Encomiendas of Nabotas (Navotas), Tambobo (Malabon), Tondo, Parañaque (then La Huerta, Parañaque), Longalo (Don Galo, Parañaque), Tagui and Pasig were under the jurisdiction of the Augustinians in the Province of Tondo.

In 1853 a new political subdivision was formed. This consisted of the towns of Antipolo (now a city), Bosoboso, Cainta and Taytay from the Province of Tondo; and the towns of Morong, Baras, Tanay, Pililla, Angono, Binangonan and Jala-jala from the Province of La Laguna, with the capital at Morong. This district was changed to Distrito Politico-Militar de Morong after four years.

In 1860, by virtue of Circular No. 83, dated September 2, 1785, the Province of Tondo became the Province of Manila. All its towns were placed under the administration, fiscal supervision and control of the Governor of the new province.

The town of Mariquina (Marikina) became the capital of the Province of Manila during the tenure of the revolutionary government of Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo. The Province of Morong had for its capital the town of Antipolo for the period 1898–1899, and the town of Tanay for 1899–1900.

On February 6, the First Philippine Commission sought to establish civil government in the country through a provincial organization act after the Filipino-Spanish and Filipino-American conflicts.

Therefore, on June 5, 1901, a historic meeting was held at the Pasig Catholic Church for the organization of a civil government in the Provinces of Manila and Morong, with 221 delegates in attendance. The first Philippine Commission, headed by William Howard Taft and composed of Commissioners Luke E. Wright, Henry C. Ide, Bernard Moses and Dean C. Worcester, discussed with the Assembly the issue of whether or not to write the Province of Manila with Morong Province, was not self-sufficient to operate as a separate province.

Although the delegates from Morong, Hilarion Raymundo, and José Tupas, objected to the proposal, Juan Sumulong of Antipolo strongly advocated the move. After much acrimonious debate and upon the suggestion of Trinidad H. Pardo de Tavera the body agreed on the creation of a new province independent of the Province of Manila. The new province was aptly named after Jose Rizal, the country's national hero.

On June 11, 1901, the province of Rizal was officially and legally created by virtue of an Act No. 137 by the First Philippine Commission which during the time was acting as the unicameral legislative body in the island of Luzon.

The new province was composed of 29 municipalities, 18 from the old Province of Manila (Cainta, Caloocan, Las Piñas, Mariquina (Marikina), Montalban (Rodriguez), Muntinlupa, Navotas, Novaliches, Parañaque, Pasig, Pateros, Pineda (Pasay), San Felipe Neri (Mandaluyong), San Juan del Monte (San Juan), San Mateo, San Pedro Macati (Makati), Taguig, Tambobong (Malabon)); and 11 from the Politico-Militar District of Morong, (Angono, Baras, Binangonan, Antipolo, Cardona, Jalajala, Morong, Pililla, Tanay, Taytay and Teresa). The City of Manila from the old Province of Manila was treated as a separate entity. The seat of the provincial government was Pasig.

In year 1939, Quezon City was established, which included parts of Caloocan, and later on, Novaliches and parts of Marikina and San Juan towns.

World War II

Marking's and the Hunter's ROTC Guerrillas operated in Rizal Province throughout the war. [5] [6]

Post-war

Through Presidential Decree No. 824, Rizal was partitioned on 7 November 1975 to form Metro Manila. The municipalities of Las Piñas, Parañaque, Muntinlupa, Taguig, Pateros, Makati, Mandaluyong, San Juan, Malabon, Navotas, Pasig and Marikina, and the three cities of Caloocan, Pasay and Quezon City were excised to form the new region, while the other 14 towns remained in Rizal. [7]

Contemporary history

Rizal Governor Dr. Casimiro Ynares III announced on June 17, 2008, the transfer of the Capitol from Pasig. Its ₱ 270-million capitol building, constructed in Antipolo by Ortigas & Co., owner thereof, was completed by December of that year. Built on a five-hectare lot at the Ynares Center, it employs 2,008 employees. [8] The New Capitol was successfully inaugurated on March 4, 2009, bringing back the Capitol Building inside the provincial territory, from which it was absent for 33 years (when Pasig was incorporated into Metro Manila).

On June 19, 2020, President Duterte signed Republic Act No. 11475 into law, which officially transferred the capital of the Rizal province from Pasig to Antipolo. The law was published on June 22, 2020, and took effect on July 7, 2020. The publication of the law coincided with the 159th birth anniversary of Rizal.

Geography

Rizal covers a total area of 1,191.94 square kilometres (460.21 sq mi) [9] occupying the northern-central section of the Calabarzon in Luzon. The province is bordered on the north by Bulacan, east by Quezon, southeast by Laguna, south by the Laguna de Bay, and west by Metro Manila.

Located 20 kilometres (12 mi) east of Manila, commuters take approximately an hour to reach the provincial seat which is in Antipolo. Generally hilly and mountainous in terrain, most of the province's southern towns lie in the shores of Laguna de Bay, the country's largest inland body of water. The province has an area of 1,191.94 square kilometres (460.21 sq mi). [1]

Talim Island, the largest island situated within the Laguna de Bay, is under the jurisdiction of the province.

Rodriguez,Rizaljf5926 05.JPG
Mountainous terrain in Rodriguez
Binangonan,Rizaljf4902 01.JPG
Rice fields in Binangonan
Cardona,Rizaljf5098 14.JPG
Laguna de Bay as seen from Cardona

Climate

Climate data for Rizal
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)30.5
(86.9)
31.5
(88.7)
33.1
(91.6)
34.5
(94.1)
34.0
(93.2)
32.6
(90.7)
32.0
(89.6)
31.2
(88.2)
31.4
(88.5)
31.6
(88.9)
31.4
(88.5)
30.5
(86.9)
32.0
(89.7)
Average low °C (°F)21.6
(70.9)
21.8
(71.2)
22.9
(73.2)
24.1
(75.4)
25.0
(77.0)
25.0
(77.0)
24.6
(76.3)
24.8
(76.6)
24.3
(75.7)
24.0
(75.2)
23.5
(74.3)
22.3
(72.1)
23.7
(74.6)
Average rainy days5345132022222217158156
Source: Storm247 [10]

Administrative divisions

Rizal comprises 13 municipalities and 1 city. [9]

Political map of Rizal Ph fil rizal.png
Political map of Rizal
  •   Provincial capital and component city
  •  Municipality

Demographics

Population census of Rizal
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 50,095    
1918 63,719+1.62%
1939 87,876+1.54%
1948 104,578+1.95%
1960 173,958+4.33%
1970 307,238+5.85%
1975 414,192+6.17%
1980 555,533+6.05%
1990 977,448+5.81%
1995 1,312,489+5.68%
2000 1,707,218+5.80%
2007 2,298,691+4.19%
2010 2,484,840+2.87%
2015 2,884,227+2.88%
2020 3,330,143+2.87%
Figures prior to 1980 exclude areas that became part of Metro Manila.
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority [11] [12] [13] [14]

The population of Rizal in the 2020 census was 3,330,143 people, [2] with a density of 2,800 inhabitants per square kilometre or 7,300 inhabitants per square mile. Due to its location being in the heart of the Katagalugan, almost all of the residents of Rizal mainly speak Tagalog. English and Filipino are used as second languages respectively.

Religion

Roman Catholicism is the predominant religion with about 80 percent adherence (Diocese of Antipolo, [Catholic-Hierarchy], 2004)[ full citation needed ]. And 2% are from Members Church of God International of Bro. Eli Soriano. Various Christian groups exist such as Oneness Apostolic or Pentecostal like UPC, ALJC and ACJC, Iglesia Filipina Independiente, Born-again Christians, Jesus Is Lord Church Worldwide, Iglesia ni Cristo, Jehovah's Witnesses, Baptist, Church of Christ of Latter Day Saints, El Shaddai (movement) Methodists, Presbyterians, Seventh-day Adventist and other Evangelical Christians. Muslims, Anitists, animists, and atheists are also present in the province.

Economy

Before the 1990s, the primary source of economy in Rizal province were the huge piggery estates owned by Manila-based families.[ citation needed ] In recent years, the province became one of the most progressive provinces in the country, owing to its proximity to Metro Manila, the economic center of the Philippines. Antipolo, Taytay and Cainta serve as the economic centers of the province, while Angono, Rodriguez, Morong, San Mateo, Tanay, Binangonan and Teresa are taking successful steps to urbanize areas within their jurisdiction. [ citation needed ] Other areas of the province are having difficulty to start the urbanization process, mainly because of the lack of main roads to connect these to economic centers.[ citation needed ]

In a study recently[ when? ] conducted by the National Statistics Coordination Board (NSCB),[ citation needed ] Rizal province came out to be the Philippines' least poor province with a poverty incidence rate of 3.4%, even lower than that of the National Capital Region or Metro Manila. [ citation needed ]. On April 23, 2013, the National Statistics Coordination Board (NCSB) reported that Rizal, from being the least poor province in poverty incidence moved down to the 3rd Place, with Cavite taking over as the least province by 4.1% (compared to Rizal's 7.6%) and Laguna for 2nd with 6.3%. [22]

Antipolo, the province's capital city, is the center of trade and exchange, tourism, government, and economy.[ citation needed ] It is also a center of education and sports because of the availability of various educational and physical training facilities.[ citation needed ] Acclaimed of its scenic attractions, the city also produces agricultural products such as cashew nuts and rice cakes.[ citation needed ] Taytay, the province's center of garment and textile manufacturing, is also the town where the country's largest mall operator runs a store near the town center.[ citation needed ] Meanwhile, Cainta serves as the center of business-process outsourcing (BPO) businesses in the province, aside from being known for the presence of several shopping centers and delicacies such as bibingka or rice cakes.[ citation needed ]

Points of interest

Government

The old Capitol in Pasig, which was the seat of government for the province until the new capitol building in Antipolo was completed Rizal Provincial Capitol.jpg
The old Capitol in Pasig, which was the seat of government for the province until the new capitol building in Antipolo was completed

The provincial legislature or the Sangguniang Panlalawigan is composed of ten elected members. Four members are elected from each of the province's legislative district, while each of Antipolo's legislative districts elect a single member.

Governors

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Laguna (province) Province in Calabarzon, Philippines

Laguna, officially the Province of Laguna, is a province in the Philippines located in the Calabarzon region in Luzon. Its capital is Santa Cruz and the province is situated southeast of Metro Manila, south of the province of Rizal, west of Quezon, north of Batangas and east of Cavite. Laguna hugs the southern shores of Laguna de Bay, the largest lake in the country. As of the 2020 census, the province's total population is 3,382,193 . It is also currently the seventh richest province in the country.

Calabarzon Administrative region of the Philippines

Calabarzon, formally known as the Southern Tagalog Mainland, is an administrative region in the Philippines, designated as Region IV-A. The region comprises five provinces: Batangas, Cavite, Laguna, Quezon, and Rizal and one highly urbanized city, Lucena. The region is the most populous region in the Philippines according to the Philippine Statistics Authority, having over 14.4 million inhabitants in 2020, and is also the country's second most densely populated after the National Capital Region. 

Rodriguez, Rizal Municipality in Calabarzon, Philippines

Rodriguez, officially the Municipality of Rodriguez, formerly known and still commonly known as Montalban, is a 1st class municipality in the province of Rizal, Philippines. According to the 2020 census, it has a population of 443,954 people  making it as the most populous municipality in the country.

Pasig City in Metro Manila, Philippines

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Antipolo Component city in Calabarzon, Philippines

Antipolo, officially the City of Antipolo, is a 1st class component city and capital of the province of Rizal, Morong, Manila, Philippines. According to the 2020 census, it has a population of 887,399 people.  It is the most populous city in the Calabarzon region, and the eighth most-populous city in the Philippines.

San Mateo, Rizal Municipality in Calabarzon, Philippines

San Mateo, officially the Municipality of San Mateo, is a 1st class municipality in the province of Rizal, Philippines. According to the 2020 census, it has a population of 273,306.

Cainta Municipality in Calabarzon, Philippines

Cainta, officially the Municipality of Cainta, is a 1st class municipality in the province of Rizal, Philippines. According to the 2020 census, it has a population of 376,933 people. 

Teresa, Rizal Municipality in Calabarzon, Philippines

Teresa, officially the Municipality of Teresa, is a 2nd class municipality in the province of Rizal, Philippines. According to the 2020 census, it has a population of 64,072 people. 

Taytay, Rizal Municipality in Calabarzon, Philippines

Taytay, officially the Municipality of Taytay, is a 1st class municipality in the province of Rizal, Philippines. According to the 2020 census, it has a population of 386,451 people.  It is the 3rd most populous municipality in the country, after Rodriguez, Rizal and Cainta, Rizal.

Tanay, Rizal Municipality in Calabarzon, Philippines

Tanay, officially the Municipality of Tanay, is a 1st class municipality in the province of Rizal, Philippines. According to the 2020 census, it has a population of 139,420 people. 

Baras, Rizal Municipality in Calabarzon, Philippines

Baras, officially the Municipality of Baras, is a 4th class municipality in the province of Rizal, Philippines. According to the 2020 census, it has a population of 87,637 people. 

Cardona, Rizal Municipality in Calabarzon, Philippines

Cardona, officially the Municipality of Cardona, is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Rizal, Philippines. According to the 2020 census, it has a population of 50,143 people. 

Morong, Rizal Municipality in Calabarzon, Philippines

Morong, officially the Municipality of Morong, is a 2nd class municipality located in the province of Rizal, Philippines. As per the 2020 census, Morong has a population of 71,151 people. 

The legislative districts of Rizal are the representations of the province of Rizal in the various national legislatures of the Philippines. The province is currently represented in the lower house of the Congress of the Philippines through its first and second congressional districts. In addition, the province has gained two additional legislative districts in 2021 by virtue of Republic Act 11533.and shall elect their first representatives in the 2022 Philippine general elections.

The geography of the City of Manila is characterized by its coastal position at the estuary of the Pasig River that flows to Manila Bay. The city is located on a naturally protected harbor, regarded as one of the finest harbors in Asia. The scarce availability of land is a contributing factor that makes Manila the densest populated city in the world.

Ortigas Avenue

Ortigas Avenue is a 15.5 km (9.6 mi) highway running from eastern Metro Manila to western Rizal. It is one of the busiest highways in Metro Manila, serving as the main thoroughfare of the metro's east–west corridor, catering mainly to the traffic coming to and from the Rizal province.

The Politico-Militar Distrito de Morong or Distrito de Morong was a province in the Philippines created out of the province of Manila and a part of Laguna on February 23, 1853 by a decree of the Superior Gobierno, composing Morong, Pililla, Tanay, Baras, Binangonan, Jalajala, Angono and Cardona from Laguna; and Antipolo, Boso-Boso, Cainta and Taytay from Manila. The offices were housed at a building now known as Commandancia. Its first military governor was Francisco Turrentigue.

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References

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  23. Pinto Art Museum
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