Security checkpoint

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Checkpoint near Abu Dis, the West Bank. Checkpoint near Abu Dis.jpg
Checkpoint near Abu Dis, the West Bank.
A search conducted by the British at the entrance to Tel Aviv in 1940s. British checkpoint at Jerusalem-Tel Aviv road.jpg
A search conducted by the British at the entrance to Tel Aviv in 1940s.

Civilian checkpoints or security checkpoints are distinguishable from border or frontier checkpoints in that they are erected and enforced within contiguous areas under military or paramilitary control. Civilian checkpoints have been employed within conflict-ridden areas all over the world to monitor and control the movement of people and materials in order to prevent violence. They have also been used by police during peacetime to help counter terrorism.


Contemporary examples

Iraq Army soldier mans a checkpoint during Operation Red Light II US Navy 060331-N-5438H-139 An Iraq Army soldier assigned to the 1st Battalion, 1st Brigade, 4th Division, mans a checkpoint during Operation Red Light II, on the outskirts of Monfia village in the Western Desert.jpg
Iraq Army soldier mans a checkpoint during Operation Red Light II
US Army tanks and Soviet tanks at Checkpoint Charlie, 1961 US Army tanks face off against Soviet tanks, Berlin 1961.jpg
US Army tanks and Soviet tanks at Checkpoint Charlie, 1961


Checkpoint in North Korea North Korea - Check point (5024197672).jpg
Checkpoint in North Korea

Though practices and enforcement vary, checkpoints have been used in:


Checkpoints provide many advantages, including the ability to control how people enter so that security personnel (be it governmental or civilian) can screen entrants to identify known troublemakers (be they criminals, terrorists, or simple rabble-rousers) and locate contraband items.

Effects of checkpoints

Checkpoints typically lead to hardship for the affected civilians, though these effects range from inconvenience to mortal danger. Bir Zeit University, for example, has conducted several studies highlighting the effects of checkpoints in the Palestinian territories. [1] [2]

In Colombia, the paramilitary forces of the AUC have, according to Amnesty International, imposed limits on the food entering villages, with over 30 people being killed at the checkpoint in one instance. [3]

See also

Related Research Articles

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Remembrance Day bombing

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Provisional Irish Republican Army campaign

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Operation Banner 1969–2007 British military operation in Northern Ireland during the Troubles

Operation Banner was the operational name for the British Armed Forces' operation in Northern Ireland from 1969 to 2007, as part of the Troubles. It was the longest continuous deployment in British military history. The British Army was initially deployed, at the request of the unionist government of Northern Ireland, in response to the August 1969 riots. Its role was to support the Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC) and to assert the authority of the British government in Northern Ireland. This involved counter-insurgency and supporting the police in carrying out internal security duties such as guarding key points, mounting checkpoints and patrols, carrying out raids and searches, riot control and bomb disposal. More than 300,000 soldiers served in Operation Banner. At the peak of the operation in the 1970s, about 21,000 British troops were deployed, most of them from Great Britain. As part of the operation, a new locally-recruited regiment was also formed: the Ulster Defence Regiment (UDR).

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Law enforcement by country

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