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Sidney Franklin standing on the set of 'The Kid from Spain'
|Full name||Sidney Frumkin|
|Nickname(s)||El Torero de la Torah|
|Born||July 11, 1903|
Brooklyn, New York, United States
|Died||April 26, 1976 72) (aged|
New York City, United States
|Début novillero||27 July 1923|
Sidney Franklin (11 July 1903 – 26 April 1976, born Sidney Frumkin) was the first American to become a successful matador, the most senior level of bullfighter.
Sidney Franklin was born in Brooklyn, New York to Orthodox Jewish parents.In 1922, he traveled to Mexico City where he would begin a career in bullfighting. He fought bulls in Spain, Portugal, Mexico, Colombia, and Panama.
Writing on Sidney Franklin in Death in the Afternoon , Ernest Hemingway says,
Franklin is brave with a cold, serene and intelligent valor but instead of being awkward and ignorant he is one of the most skillful, graceful and slow manipulators of a cape fighting today. His repertoire with the cape is enormous but he does not attempt by a varied repertoire to escape from the performance of the veronica as the base of his cape work and his veronicas are classical, very emotional, and beautifully timed and executed. You will find no Spaniard who ever saw him fight who will deny his artistry and excellence with the cape.[ This quote needs a citation ]
And later Hemingway adds,
He is a better, more scientific, more intelligent, and more finished matador than all but about six of the full matadors in Spain today and the bullfighters know it and have the utmost respect for him.[ This quote needs a citation ]
Franklin appeared in a few films in the USA and Mexico.[ citation needed ] Later he presented bullfights on American TV.[ citation needed ] He wrote an autobiography, Bullfighter from Brooklyn,[ citation needed ] and was a close friend of the American actor and legend James Dean, who was a big fan of the art of bullfighting.[ citation needed ]
He died at home in 1976, age 72, of natural causes.He was gay, his sexual identity having been an open secret among those who knew him, but remaining unknown to the public.
According to A. E. Hotchner, "Lillian Ross's career with The New Yorker was founded on the success of her profile of the bullfighter Sidney Franklin." – Papa Hemingway, A. E. Hotchner, 1955.
A bullfighter is a performer in the art of bullfighting. "Torero" or "toureiro" are the Spanish and Portuguese words for bullfighter and describe all the performers in the sport of bullfighting as practised in Spain, Portugal, Mexico, Peru, France, Colombia, Ecuador, Venezuela and other countries influenced by Portuguese and Spanish culture. The main performer and leader of the entourage in a bullfight, and who finally kills the bull, is addressed as maestro (master), or with the formal title matador de toros. The other bullfighters in the entourage are called subalternos and their suits are embroidered in silver as opposed to the matador's more-theatrical gold. They include the picadores, rejoneadores, and banderilleros.
Death in the Afternoon is a non-fiction book written by Ernest Hemingway about the ceremony and traditions of Spanish bullfighting, published in 1932. The book provides a look at the history and what Hemingway considers the magnificence of bullfighting. It also contains a deeper contemplation on the nature of fear and courage. While essentially a guide book, there are three main sections: Hemingway's work, pictures, and a glossary of terms.
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Blood and Sand (1941) is a romantic melodrama Technicolor film directed by Rouben Mamoulian and starring Tyrone Power, Linda Darnell, Rita Hayworth, and Alla Nazimova. It was produced by 20th Century Fox. It is based on the 1908 Spanish novel which was critical of bullfighting, Blood and Sand, by Vicente Blasco Ibáñez. The supporting cast features Anthony Quinn, Lynn Bari, Laird Cregar, J. Carrol Naish, John Carradine and George Reeves.
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Spanish-style bullfighting, known as a corrida de toros, tauromaquia or fiesta, is practiced in Spain, where it originates, Mexico, Colombia, Ecuador, Venezuela, Peru, as well as in parts of Southern France and Portugal. In a traditional corrida, three toreros, also called matadores or, in French, toréadors, each fight against two out of a total of six fighting bulls to death, each of which is at least four years old and weighs up to about 600 kg (1,300 lb). Bullfighting season in Spain runs from March to October.
Portuguese-style bullfighting differs in many aspects from Spanish-style bullfighting, most notably in the fact that the bull is not killed in front of an audience in the arena. The cavaleiros and the forcados are unique to the Portuguese variety of bullfighting, as well as the participation of horsewomen (cavaleiras) in the routines.
Julián López Escobar, commonly known as El Juli, is a Spanish bullfighter.
Antonio Cayetano Rivera Ordóñez is a Spanish torero or 'bullfighter'.
Alexander Rupert Fiske-Harrison is an English writer, producer, financier and conservationist.
Diego Mazquiarán, often called simply Fortuna, was a Spanish matador.
Michel Lagravere Peniche, better known as Michelito, is a French Mexican child bullfighter.
Bullfighting is a physical contest that involves humans and animals attempting to publicly subdue, immobilise, or kill a bull, usually according to a set of rules, guidelines, or cultural expectations. There are many different forms and varieties in various locations around the world. Some forms involve dancing around or over a cow or bull, or attempting to grasp an object from the animal.
Barnaby Conrad, Jr. was an American artist, author, nightclub proprietor, bullfighter and boxer.
Francis "Frank" Evans is a British-born matador, the most senior form of bullfighter, known as "El Inglés" He is reputed to be the only British bullfighter currently working professionally. He now holds Spanish citizenship.
Domingo Ortega was a Spanish matador. Born Domingo López Ortega in Borox, Toledo, he was the son of a farmer, and grew up helping with farm work. During months when there was no work on the farm, he would travel to other towns selling garlic.
Ernest Carleton Bass, best-known as Carleton Bass, born 1876 in Ireland, was a notorious bullfighter who billed himself in the late 19th and early 20th centuries as the "first North American bullfighter." In reality, he was an Irish immigrant who never became an American citizen, and his anemic bullfighting skill led to him being booed from bullfighting rings in Mexico. Though he had learned some swordfighting and bullfighting skills in Spain before his arrival in the United States, he was a poor fighter. In 1903, he suffered an attack of nerves before a fight in Mexico and failed to fight. In 1904, he was a key figure in the St. Louis bullfight riot, which led to the destruction of a 14,000-seat arena by fire. Three days after the riot, he shot and killed fellow matador Don Manuel Cervera after the other man attacked Bass with a knife over a dispute regarding the bullfight canceled by the riot. A subsequent coroner's inquest found Bass acted in self-defense and should not be charged with murder. Following his acquittal, Bass went on to star in several bloodless bullfights. These involved enraging the bull, causing it to charge and miss, but not spearing it or cutting it with a sword.
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