T.H.U.N.D.E.R. Agents

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T.H.U.N.D.E.R. Agents
T.H.U.N.D.E.R. Agents 12.jpg
T.H.U.N.D.E.R. Agents #12 (Tower Comics, April 1967), art by Wallace Wood.
Publication information
Publisher Tower Comics
JC Comics
Deluxe Comics
DC Comics
IDW Publications
ScheduleBimonthly
Publication date(Tower)
November 1965 – November 1969
(JC)
May 1983 – January 1984
(Deluxe)
November 1984 – October 1986
(DC)
January 2011 – June 2012
(IDW)
August 2013 – April 2014
No. of issues(Tower)
20
(JC)
2
(Deluxe)
5
(DC)
(vol. 1) 10
(vol. 2) 6

(IDW)
8
Main character(s)Dynamo
Lightning
Menthor
NoMan
James "Egghead" Andor
Dynamite
Kathryn "Kitten" Kane
William "Weed" Wylie
Raven
Undersea Agent
Vulcan
Creative team
Written by Len Brown
Larry Ivie
Bill Pearson
Steve Skeates
Nick Spencer
Artist(s) Wallace Wood
Dan Adkins
Gil Kane
Steve Ditko
Paul Reinman
Mike Sekowsky
Chic Stone
Manny Stallman

T.H.U.N.D.E.R. Agents is a fictional team of superheroes that appeared in comic books originally published by Tower Comics in the 1960s. They were an arm of the United Nations and were notable for their depiction of the heroes as everyday people whose heroic careers were merely their day jobs. The series was also notable for featuring some of the better artists of the day, such as Wallace Wood and Gil Kane. The team first appeared in T.H.U.N.D.E.R. Agents #1 (cover-dated Nov. 1965). [1] The name is an acronym for "The Higher United Nations Defense Enforcement Reserves". The team has appeared in several versions via several publishers since the early 1980s.

Contents

Publication history

Tower Comics

T.H.U.N.D.E.R. Agents was a bimonthly comic book published by Tower Comics. It ran for 20 issues (Nov. 1965 – Nov. 1969), plus two short-lived spin-off series starring the most popular super agents (Dynamo and NoMan). [2] To launch the project, Wallace Wood huddled with scripter Len Brown (and possibly Larry Ivie) [3] on a superhero concept Brown had described to Wood a year earlier. Brown recalled: "Wally had remembered my concept and asked me to write a 12-page origin story. I submitted a Captain Thunderbolt story in which he fought a villain named Dynamo".[ citation needed ] With a few changes by Wood and a title obviously inspired by the success of the spy-fi television series The Man from U.N.C.L.E. and the then-current James Bond film Thunderball , [4] the series got underway. Tower Comics went out of business in 1969, and the T.H.U.N.D.E.R. Agents went into limbo.

JC Comics

In 1981 the rights to T.H.U.N.D.E.R. Agents were bought by John Carbonaro, [5] who published two issues of a new series in the early 1980s under his JC Comics line, [6] the storyline of which concluded in Blue Ribbon Comics #12, published by Archie Comics' Red Circle Comics line. [5]

L. Miller & Son, Ltd.

Meanwhile, in the UK, L. Miller & Son, Ltd. and some of its successors published large monthly compendiums of uncoloured American superhero comics up until the 1980s, often reproducing T.H.U.N.D.E.R. Agents material. [5]

Texas Comics

In 1983, the T.H.U.N.D.E.R. Agents appeared in Texas Comics' Justice Machine Annual #1, written by William Messner-Loebs, with art by Bill Reinhold, Jeff Dee, and Bill Anderson.

Deluxe Comics

In 1984, David M. Singer's Deluxe Comics began publishing a new series, Wally Wood's T.H.U.N.D.E.R. Agents, featuring some of the best artists of the era, including George Pérez, Dave Cockrum, Keith Giffen, Murphy Anderson, Steve Ditko, Rich Buckler, and Jerry Ordway. Singer claimed the group was in the public domain. [5] A lawsuit by Carbonaro claimed otherwise. [7] The lawsuit was eventually decided in US District Court in favor of Carbonaro, [8] with Singer acknowledging Carbonaro's registered copyrights and trademark. Under the decision, Carbonaro also received, among other things, an assignment of all rights to Wally Wood's T.H.U.N.D.E.R. Agents, and an undisclosed sum of money. Deluxe Comics closed its doors in 1986 when several major distributors failed to pay sizeable past-due invoices. [5]

Solson Publications

In 1987, Solson Publications produced one issue of T.H.U.N.D.E.R., a planned four-issue limited series which was never completed. A second issue was almost done. This series was not quite set in the same universe as the original series and took the characters in a different direction. [5]

1990s

In the early 1990s, Rob Liefeld stated that he had the rights to publish T.H.U.N.D.E.R. Agents, and advanced Dave Cockrum money to illustrate the series through Liefeld's Extreme Studios. Ads for a T.H.U.N.D.E.R. Agents series appeared in Extreme Studios and Maximum Press books cover-dated February 1996 indicating that the series would feature "stories by Rob Liefeld, Jim Valentino, Stephen Platt, Chap Yaep and Dan Fraga".

Another revival was attempted by John Carbonaro in Penthouse Comix's Omni Comix #3 (1995). [5]

21st century

Promotional art for the 2010 revamp by Frank Quitely. FQTA.jpg
Promotional art for the 2010 revamp by Frank Quitely.

In the early 2000s, DC Comics planned to release a new T.H.U.N.D.E.R. Agents series under license from Carbonaro. [5] Work for about two issues of a new series was completed, but Carbonaro put a stop to it as it made radical alterations to the characters.[ citation needed ] DC failed to create a series in line with the original series and tone, but began publishing reprints of the original Tower series in their hardcover DC Archive Editions format in a total of six volumes. After Carbonaro died in early 2009, DC acquired the rights from his estate the same year. At that point, T.H.U.N.D.E.R. Agents was planned to be brought into the DC Universe, [9] as DC had recently done with the Milestone Media and MLJ Comics heroes.

A new series began publishing in November 2010 with a creative team of writer Nick Spencer and artist CAFU. The team consists of the original NoMan and a team of new heroes wearing the classic T.H.U.N.D.E.R. Agents costumes. [10] In a departure from the classic series, the new Lightning is African. [11] The series lasted 10 issues. In late 2011, DC published a six-issue miniseries.

In 2012, the rights to T.H.U.N.D.E.R. Agents were transferred to IDW Publishing. [12] This publication lasted eight issues.

Fictional team history

The first issue introduced the first three T.H.U.N.D.E.R. Agents: Dynamo, NoMan and Menthor. United Nations soldiers storm a mountain laboratory of a UN scientist, Professor Emil Jennings, driving off the forces of the Warlord. The scientist dies, but leaves behind several inventions—super weapons to combat the Warlord's worldwide attacks. Leonard Brown is given the Thunder Belt, which makes him super strong and invulnerable for a short amount of time, and is code-named Dynamo. Dying scientist Anthony Dunn transfers his mind into an android body of his own design. With a wide number of identical bodies, he can transfer his mind to any of them should something happen to his current one. He is given an invisibility cloak and becomes NoMan. John Janus gains mental powers from the Menthor helmet. He is a double-agent for the Warlord, but when he wears the helmet, he turns to good. Joining these super agents is the T.H.U.N.D.E.R. Squad, a special team of agents who fight the Warlord. This team included Virgil "Guy" Gilbert, Dynamite (Daniel John Adkins), William "Weed" Wylie, Kathryn "Kitten" Kane, and James "Egghead" Andor.

In subsequent issues, additional agents were added. Gilbert of the T.H.U.N.D.E.R. Squad is given the Lightning Suit and becomes a super agent in the fourth issue. In the second issue, the Warlord is revealed as a Subterranean, and his forces are humanoids who live under the surface and have engaged in a war to reclaim the surface world from humans. Also in this issue, Egghead is killed in action but later reappears as a villain in an issue of Wally Wood's T.H.U.N.D.E.R. Agents. [13] In issue #7, Menthor is killed. In issue #8, Craig Lawson is given an experimental rocket pack and becomes The Raven, and the Subterraneans are defeated. Later post-Tower additions included sonic-powered agent Vulcan (Travis F. Riley), two different Undersea Agents (Lt. David "Davy" Jones and his daughter Theresa) and two later versions of "new" agents who wore the Menthor helmet.

With the threat of the Subterraneans ended, new villains appeared in the original series. Issue #9 introduced S.P.I.D.E.R. (Secret People's International Directorate for Extralegal Revenue), the main villains for the rest of the series. Other menaces included the Iron Maiden, an armored mastermind (introduced in the first issue as a possible love interest for Dynamo) who worked for the Subterraneans; Andor, a fast-healing telekinetic superhuman created by the Subterraneans who was introduced in Dynamo #1; along with Red Star (Communist menace) and others.

In the 2010 DC Comics series, S.P.I.D.E.R. kidnaps the Raven and kills Dynamo and Lightning. New versions of Lightning and Dynamo are recruited, and the original NoMan, who had left the team because he was losing his humanity, was replaced. By this time, a number of people had been behind the costume of each T.H.U.N.D.E.R. Agent, since the devices that gave them their powers are eventually fatal.

Also introduced are T.H.U.N.D.E.R.'s recruiters, field agent Colleen Franklin and salesman Toby Heston. In the assault on S.P.I.D.E.R. to rescue the Raven, Toby is revealed as the brother of S.P.I.D.E.R.'s new leader, given a false personality to infiltrate T.H.U.N.D.E.R. When he attempts to use the Menthor helmet to gain the Raven's secrets however, he regains the "Toby" personality, similar to the effect it had on Janus.

Colleen is revealed to be the daughter of Len Brown, the original Dynamo and the Iron Maiden. They live quietly in Sydney, Australia, but the T.H.U.N.D.E.R. Squad raid their home and captured the family. Brown wears the Dynamo belt one last time in exchange for his daughter and the Iron Maiden's life and apparently dies during the mission. The Iron Maiden escapes T.H.U.N.D.E.R.'s custody, leaving Colleen to be raised by T.H.U.N.D.E.R. Years later, Colleen tracks down the Iron Maiden and after extracting information from her with the help of Toby Heston, leaves her to be killed by the daughter of one of her former victims.

Soon, the Subterraneans, defeated back in the early 70s, start an uprising led by Demo. It was the existence of the Subterraneans that lead to the establishment of the Higher United Nations and T.H.U.N.D.E.R. The new Dynamo is killed and a new Raven is introduced. In a backup series, a new UNDERSEA Agent is introduced.

Members

Agents

Wally Wood cover for Dynamo #3 (March 1967). DynamoNumber3.jpg
Wally Wood cover for Dynamo #3 (March 1967).

Thunder Squad

Film adaptation

In 2015, the film adaptation was announced to be produced by China's Huayi Brothers Media, with Batman producer Michael Uslan to launch a franchise based on the comic book series. [15]

Collected editions

T.H.U.N.D.E.R. Agents original series reprints

T.H.U.N.D.E.R. Agents Archives, Vol. 1–7, DC Comics, 2002–2011:

T.H.U.N.D.E.R. Agents Classics, Vol. 1–6, IDW Publishing, 2013–2015:

T.H.U.N.D.E.R. Agents anthologies

New series

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References

  1. Markstein, Don. "Dynamo". Don Markstein's Toonopedia. Retrieved 2 April 2020.
  2. Wells, John (2014). American Comic Book Chronicles: 1965-1969. TwoMorrows Publishing. p. 53. ISBN   978-1-60549-055-7.
  3. Ivie, Larry (July 2001). "Ivie League Heroes". Comic Book Artist (#14): 64–68.
  4. Misiroglu, Gina, The Superhero Book: The Ultimate Encyclopedia of Comic-Book Icons and Hollywood Heroes (Visible Ink Press, 2012), p. 374.
  5. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Sodaro, Robert J. "The Resplendent Sound of T.H.U.N.D.E.R.!", Comics Value Annual (1999). Archived on ThunderAgents.com. Accessed Feb. 8, 2014.
  6. "News from Hither and Yon: JCP News". The Comics Journal (#71): 16. April 1982. Archived from the original on August 19, 2012. Retrieved August 12, 2012. Additional, August 19, 2012.
  7. "Blood and T.H.U.N.D.E.R.", The Comics Journal #97 (April 1985), pp. 7–11.
  8. "Deluxe suspends T.H.U.N.D.E.R. Agents", The Comics Journal #100 (July 1985), pp. 20–22.
  9. "CCI: DC Universe Panel". comicbookresources.com. July 7, 2009.
  10. Segura, Alex (July 19, 2010). "Meet the T.H.U.N.D.E.R. Agents". The Source, DCComics.com.
  11. Segura, Alex (August 18, 2010). "A first look at CAFU's T.H.U.N.D.E.R. Agents". The Source, DCComics.com. Archived from the original on February 27, 2012.
  12. Phegley, Keil (October 26, 2012). "IDW RECRUITS WALLY WOOD'S "T.H.U.N.D.E.R. AGENTS"". Comic Book Resources. Retrieved October 26, 2012.
  13. Wells, John (2014). American Comic Book Chronicles: 1965-1969. TwoMorrows Publishing. p. 103. ISBN   978-1-60549-055-7.
  14. Unknown (w), Wood, Wallace  (a). "Dynamo Battles the Subterraneans"T.H.U.N.D.E.R. Agents #3(March 1966)
  15. Frater, Patrick (October 12, 2015). "China's Huayi Brothers Sets Superhero Franchise Pact With Michael Uslan". Variety . Retrieved October 14, 2015.

Further reading