Thomas Rose (died 1837)

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Thomas Rose (died 3 March 1837) was an early pioneer in the settlement of the British colony in New South Wales. After being transported for housebreaking, he established himself as first a baker, and then later a publican in Sydney. His grant and purchase of land in the Campbelltown area saw some of the earliest water conservation for agriculture in the colony, and the construction of one of the first windmills.

New South Wales State of Australia

New South Wales is a state on the east coast of Australia. It borders Queensland to the north, Victoria to the south, and South Australia to the west. Its coast borders the Tasman Sea to the east. The Australian Capital Territory is an enclave within the state. New South Wales' state capital is Sydney, which is also Australia's most populous city. In September 2018, the population of New South Wales was over 8 million, making it Australia's most populous state. Just under two-thirds of the state's population, 5.1 million, live in the Greater Sydney area. Inhabitants of New South Wales are referred to as New South Welshmen.

Campbelltown, New South Wales Town in New South Wales, Australia

Campbelltown is a suburb and major town centre in the metropolitan area of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. It is located in Greater Western Sydney 42 kilometres (26 mi) south-west of the Sydney central business district. Campbelltown is the administrative seat of the local government area of the City of Campbelltown. It is also acknowledged on the register of the Geographical Names Board of New South Wales as one of only four cities within the Sydney metropolitan area.

Contents

There was more than one Thomas Rose who played a pioneering role in the New South Wales colony. For the purposes of distinguishing them, this one is often known as Thomas Rose of Mount Gilead. [1]

Early life

Rose was transported as a convict to New South Wales for breaking and entering. A fact he denied, to perpetuate a myth that he migrated as a free settler. [2]

Baker and Publican

In 1810, Rose received a land grant on the south-east corner of King and (what is now) Castlereagh streets in Sydney, where he built a bakery, and the neighbouring Rose and Crown Inn. [3] He held horse races in a neighbouring paddock, dubbed Roses Paddock [4]

Horse racing Equestrian sport

Horse racing is an equestrian performance sport, typically involving two or more horses ridden by jockeys over a set distance for competition. It is one of the most ancient of all sports, as its basic premise – to identify which of two or more horses is the fastest over a set course or distance – has been unchanged since at least classical antiquity.

Mount Gilead

Rose is closely associated water conservation, and pioneering the land surrounding Campbelltown. He also built a windmill on the Mount Gilead estate.

Legacy

Thomas Rose died at Mount Gilead in 1837. [5] He was buried on the estate, and his remains were later transferred to St Peter's Anglican Cemetery in Campbelltown, where a monument stands. [6]

The suburb of Rosemeadow is named after him, as is Thomas Rose Drive in that suburb. [7]

See also

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References

  1. "ROSE FAMILIES". The Sydney Morning Herald . National Library of Australia. 7 August 1934. p. 8. Retrieved 2 July 2013.
  2. ""THE ROSE AND CROWN INN"". Windsor and Richmond Gazette . NSW: National Library of Australia. 26 August 1927. p. 14. Retrieved 2 July 2013.
  3. ""THE ROSE AND CROWN INN"". Windsor and Richmond Gazette . NSW: National Library of Australia. 26 August 1927. p. 14. Retrieved 2 July 2013.
  4. Binney, Robert (2005). Horsemen of the First Frontier (1788-1900) and the Serpent's Legacy. ISBN   9780646448657.
  5. "Family Notices". The Colonist . Sydney: National Library of Australia. 9 March 1837. p. 7. Retrieved 30 June 2013.
  6. Fowler, Verlie. "Rose family monument" . Retrieved 2013-07-01.
  7. McGill, Jeff; Fowler, Verlie; Richardson, Keith (1995). Campbelltown's Streets and Suburbs – How and why they got their names . Retrieved 2013-07-01.