Thomas Tregosse

Last updated

Thomas Tregosse
Religion Puritan
School Exeter College, Oxford
Personal
Nationality English
Born c. 1600s
St Ives, England
Died c. 1670-71
Penryn, England
Resting place Mabe, England
Senior posting
Title Reverend
Period in office 17th century
Religious career
Ordination 1657
Post Vicar, Mylor and Mabe, England

Rev. Thomas Tregosse (alternate spellings: Tregrosse, [1] Tregoss, [2] Tregoose [3] ) (c. 17th century, St Ives, England - c. 1670-71, Penryn, England) of Cornwall was a Puritan minister [4] and vicar of the Rebellion period who was silenced for being a Nonconformist. [1]

St Ives, Cornwall seaside town, civil parish and port in Cornwall, England

St Ives is a seaside town, civil parish and port in Cornwall. The town lies north of Penzance and west of Camborne on the coast of the Celtic Sea. In former times it was commercially dependent on fishing. The decline in fishing, however, caused a shift in commercial emphasis, and the town is now primarily a popular seaside resort, notably achieving the title of Best UK Seaside Town from the British Travel Awards in both 2010 and 2011. St Ives was incorporated by Royal Charter in 1639. St Ives has become renowned for its number of artists. It was named best seaside town of 2007 by The Guardian newspaper. It should not be confused with St Ive, a village and civil parish in south-east Cornwall.

England Country in north-west Europe, part of the United Kingdom

England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to the west and Scotland to the north-northwest. The Irish Sea lies west of England and the Celtic Sea lies to the southwest. England is separated from continental Europe by the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south. The country covers five-eighths of the island of Great Britain, which lies in the North Atlantic, and includes over 100 smaller islands, such as the Isles of Scilly and the Isle of Wight.

Penryn, Cornwall town in Cornwall, England

Penryn is a civil parish and town in Cornwall, England, United Kingdom. It is situated on the Penryn River about 1 mile (1.6 km) north-west of Falmouth. The population was 7,166 in the 2001 census and a receded 6,812 in the 2011 census, a drop of more than 300 people across the ten year time gap. There are two electoral wards covering Penryn: 'Penryn East and Mylor' and 'Penryn West'. The total population of both wards in the 2011 census was 9,790

Contents

Early years

He was born in St Ives, the son of William Tregosse. [5] He received his BA from Exeter College, Oxford in 1655.

Exeter College, Oxford constituent college of the University of Oxford

Exeter College is one of the constituent colleges of the University of Oxford in England and the fourth oldest college of the University.

Career

After taking Holy Orders, he preached for two years as an English presbyterian minister at St. Ives. [6] In October 1659, he was instituted as vicar in Mylor and Mabe, and ejected 24 August 1662 under the Act of Uniformity for being a nonconformist. [7] According to Miss Susan Gay's Falmouth chronology, Tregosse formed an Independent Congregation in Falmouth in 1662. [8] The first congregation at the Congregational Sunday School, Falmouth was gathered by the Rev. Mr. Tregoss. [6] After preaching to this family and neighbours, he was jailed for three months. [9]

Presbyterianism in England is practiced by followers of the Reformed tradition within Protestantism who practise the Presbyterian form of church government in England. Dating in England as a movement from 1588, it is distinct from Continental and Scottish forms of Presbyterianism. The Unitarian historian Alexander Gordon stated that whereas in Scotland, church government is based on a meeting of delegates, in England the individual congregation is the primary body of government. This was the practice in Gordon's day, however, most of the sixteenth and seventeenth century English theoreticians of Presbyterianism, such as Thomas Cartwright, John Paget, the Westminster Assembly of Divines and the London Provincial Assembly, envisaged a Presbyterian system composed of congregations, classes and synods. Historically Presbyterians in England were subsumed into the United Reformed Church in 1972. In more recent years the Evangelical Presbyterian Church in England and Wales and the International Presbyterian Church have seen modest growth in England.

Mylor, Cornwall civil parish in Cornwall, England, United Kingdom

Mylor is a civil parish in Cornwall, England, United Kingdom. It is situated approximately five miles north of Falmouth.

Mabe, Cornwall village and civil parish in Cornwall, England

Mabe is a village and civil parish in Cornwall, England, United Kingdom. The village is situated one mile (1.6 km) west of Penryn.

In 1663, he preached privately at Budock. For preaching at the Church of Saint Laud, Mabe, he was again jailed for three months at Launceston gaol. After his release, he preached again at the same church, and was subsequently imprisoned again. [9] Under the Conventicle Act of 1664 non-Anglican services were only permitted in private homes, limited to members of the household and no more than five others. [10] Tregosse's imprisonment for holding a Conventicle at Budock is noted in "The Episcopal Returns of 1665-6" section of the Congregational Historical Society's Transactions. [11] After his fourth time in custody, he was set free September 1667 by special order of King Charles. He was jailed again in 1669 for preaching privately in a house at Great Torrington. In his later years, he preached on Sundays, Tuesdays, and Thursdays. [12]

Budock Water village in the United Kingdom

Budock Water is a village and former manor in the civil parish of Budock, Cornwall, England, United Kingdom. The village is situated two miles (3 km) west of Falmouth.

Launceston, Cornwall town, ancient borough, and civil parish in east Cornwall, England, United Kingdom

Launceston is a town, ancient borough, and civil parish in Cornwall, England, United Kingdom. It is 1 mile (1.6 km) west of the middle stage of the River Tamar, which constitutes almost the entire border between Cornwall and Devon. The landscape of the town is generally steep particularly at a sharp south-western knoll topped by Launceston Castle. These gradients fall down to the River Kensey and smaller tributaries.

Conventicle Act 1664 Former English law restricting freedom of religion

The Conventicle Act of 1664 was an Act of the Parliament of England that forbade conventicles, defined as religious assemblies of more than five people other than an immediate family, outside the auspices of the Church of England.

Personal life

Tregosse married Margaret Sparnan of Gwynier in 1658, and had at least one child, a son, the Rev. James Tregoss. [6]

Gwinear, Cornwall village in United Kingdom

Gwinear is a small village in west Cornwall, England, UK. It is about two miles (3 km) east of Hayle and overlooks the Angarrack valley. It is in the civil parish of Gwinear-Gwithian.

Though Tregosse was committed to Launceston Gaol on multiple occasions, Wesley bestowed high praises upon Tregosse a century later. [6]

John Wesley Christian theologian

John Wesley was an English cleric, theologian and evangelist who was a leader of a revival movement within the Church of England known as Methodism. The societies he founded became the dominant form of the independent Methodist movement.

Tregosse died in Penryn. Different sources place his date of death at different years within the 1670s: 18 January 1670, [1] January 1672, [6] 18 January 1673, [12] or even 18 January 1679. [13] However, Theophilus Gale's biography, The life and death of Thomas Tregosse late minister of the Gospel at Milar and Mabe in Cornwal [sic]: With his character, and some letters of his, not long before his death, published in 1671, would make the year of death more likely to be 1671 or earlier. [13]

Further reading

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References

  1. 1 2 3 Foster, Joseph (1892). Alumni Oxonienses: The Members of the University of Oxford, 1500-1714: Their Parentage, Birthplace, and Year of Birth, with a Record of Their Degrees. 4 (Digitized 11 Apr 2007 ed.). Parker and Co. p. 1505.
  2. Clark, Davis Wasgatt (1851). Death-bed scenes, or, Dying with and without religion : designed to illustrate the truth and power of Christianity (Digitized 12 Jun 2007 ed.). Carlton & Porter. pp. 232–233.
  3. "AD409 Cornish Clergy". cornwall.gov.uk. Cornwall County Council. Retrieved 3 September 2010.
  4. Oxford Journals (Firm) (1874). Notes and queries (Digitized 4 Aug 2005 ed.). Oxford University Press. p. 341.
  5. Matthews (1892), pp. 472
  6. 1 2 3 4 5 Matthews, John Hobson (1892). A history of the parishes of St. Ives, Lelant, Towednack and Zennor: in the county of Cornwall. E. Stock. p. 471.
  7. Olivey, Hugh P. (1907). Notes on the parish of Mylor, Cornwall (Digitized 17 Mar 2007 ed.). Barnicott & Pearce. p. 96.
  8. Gay, Susan E. (2010). Old Falmouth. General Books LLC. ISBN   1-151-76251-2.
  9. 1 2 Olivey (1907), pp. 240
  10. Brown, H. Miles (1964). The church in Cornwall. Oscar Blackford Ltd. pp. 83–85.
  11. Congregational Historical Society (1908). Transactions. 3 (Digitized 30 Jun, 200 ed.). p. 353.
  12. 1 2 Olivey (1907), pp. 241
  13. 1 2 Oxford Journals (1874), pp. 493