Thomas W. Hill

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Thomas Warden Hill (January 9, 1817 - May 26, 1879) was an American farmer from Springfield, Wisconsin who held a number of offices in local government, and who served two one-year terms as a member of the Wisconsin State Assembly from Walworth County, one as a Freesoiler and one ten years later as a Republican. [1]

United States federal republic in North America

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is slightly smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U.S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D.C., and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico. The State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean. The U.S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The extremely diverse geography, climate, and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.

Springfield, Walworth County, Wisconsin census designated place in Walworth County, Wisconsin, United States

Springfield is an unincorporated census-designated place in the town of Lyons, in Walworth County, Wisconsin, United States. As of the 2010 census, its population is 158. Located just northeast of Lake Geneva, it contains a mere eight streets. Springfield has an area of 0.673 square miles (1.74 km2), all of it land.

Wisconsin A north-central state of the United States of America

Wisconsin is a U.S. state located in the north-central United States, in the Midwest and Great Lakes regions. It is bordered by Minnesota to the west, Iowa to the southwest, Illinois to the south, Lake Michigan to the east, Michigan to the northeast, and Lake Superior to the north. Wisconsin is the 23rd largest state by total area and the 20th most populous. The state capital is Madison, and its largest city is Milwaukee, which is located on the western shore of Lake Michigan. The state is divided into 72 counties.

Contents

Background

Hill was born in Swanton, Vermont on January 9, 1817, and moved with his parents when five years of age to Lewis, New York in Essex County, New York. His parents died when he was still a child, and he was raised by an uncle, with whom he lived until he was 21 years of age, receiving only a limited education. In the fall of 1838, he struck out for the frontier, traveling mostly on foot. He eventually arrived in the Town of Geneva in the Wisconsin Territory on October 15 of that year, and immediately found work on local farms, in a store and in a gristmill. By March 1839, he was able to buy land in the nearby Town of Hudson, which plot he would retain for the rest of his life. He was soon elected to his first local offices, with the 1840 elections of the Town of Geneva, when he was elected as tax collector and constable.

Swanton (town), Vermont Town in Vermont, United States

Swanton is a town in Franklin County, Vermont. The population was 6,427 at the 2010 census. The town includes the village of Swanton.

Lewis, Essex County, New York Town in New York, United States

Lewis is a town in Essex County, New York, United States. The population was 1,382 at the 2010 census. The town is named after Morgan Lewis, the governor of New York at the time the town was established.

Essex County, New York County in the United States

Essex County is a county in the U.S. state of New York. As of the 2010 census, the population was 39,370. Its county seat is the hamlet of Elizabethtown. Its name is from the English county of Essex. Along with Hamilton County, Essex is entirely within the Adirondack Park.

In the spring of 1842, having been moved by a series of revival meetings during the previous winter, he joined the Presbyterian Church in Geneva. On February 12, 1843, he married Lydia Ferris. On their first anniversary, they moved to his land in Hudson, where they would live for most of the next three decades. They continued to improve the original land and expanded their holdings over the years, and Hill pursued private studies to supplement his limited formal education.

Presbyterianism Branch of Protestant Christianity in which the church is governed by presbyters (elders)

Presbyterianism is a part of the reformed tradition within Protestantism, which traces its origins to Britain, particularly Scotland.

Public office

Hill held numerous offices in the Town of Hudson during his time their, including chairing the township's board of supervisors. He would be elected repeatedly to the county board of supervisors at times from 1849 to 1867, including one year (1865) as the board's chairman; and as one of the county's Superintendents of the Poor.

His first term in the Assembly was for the sixth (1853) session of the state legislature, succeeding in representing the 2nd Walworth County district (the Towns of Elkhorn, Geneva and Hudson). He was assigned to the standing committee on claims. [2] He was succeeded in the next term by Simeon Spafard, a Democrat.

Elkhorn, Wisconsin City in Wisconsin, United States

Elkhorn is a city in Walworth County, Wisconsin, United States. It is located 40 miles southwest of Milwaukee. The population was 10,084 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat.

Geneva, Wisconsin Town in Wisconsin, United States

Geneva is a town in Walworth County, Wisconsin, United States. The population was 4,099 at the 2000 census. The census-designated place of Como is located in the town. The unincorporated community of Lake Como is also located in the town.

Lyons, Wisconsin Town in Wisconsin, United States

Lyons is a town in Walworth County, Wisconsin, United States. The population was 3,440 at the 2000 census. The unincorporated communities of Lyons and Springfield are located within the town.

He was elected once more to the Assembly for the sixteenth (1863) session, succeeding fellow Republican Sylvester Hanson in a redistricted 2nd district, now consisting of the Towns of La Grange, Richmond, Sugar Creek and Whitewater. He was assigned once again to the committee on claims, and also to that on town and county organization. [3] He was succeeded in the next session by fellow Republican Daniel Smith.

Sylvester Hanson was a member of the Wisconsin State Assembly, representing the 2nd district of Walworth County. He served as a Republican during the Session of 1862.

Redistricting is the process of drawing electoral district boundaries in the United States. A congressional act passed in 1967 requires that representatives be elected from single-member districts, except when a state has a single representative, in which case one state-wide at-large election be held.

La Grange, Walworth County, Wisconsin Town in Wisconsin, United States

La Grange is a town in Walworth County, Wisconsin, United States. The population was 2,444 at the 2000 census. The unincorporated communities of Heart Prairie, La Grange, Lauderdale, Lauderdale Lakes, and Lauderdale Shores are located in the town.

After the Assembly

He continued to farm and to participate in local politics. In the spring of 1868, he moved back to Geneva and stayed there until the spring of 1870, when he was put in charge of the county poor farm and asylum, an office he would hold until his death. He held numerous offices in his church, including superintendent of the Sabbath school, deacon and ruling elder.

Sunday school Christian educational institution

A Sunday school is an educational institution, usually Christian in character. They were first set up in the 1780s in England to provide education to working children. Today, Sunday school has become the generic name for many different types of religious education pursued and conducted on Sundays by various denominations.

Deacon ministry in the Christian Church

A deacon is a member of the diaconate, an office in Christian churches that is generally associated with service of some kind, but which varies among theological and denominational traditions. Some Christian churches, such as the Catholic Church, the Eastern Orthodox Church and the Anglican church, view the diaconate as part of the clerical state; in others, the deacon remains a layperson.

On May 26, 1879, he died suddenly of a heart attack while superintending work being done at his old homestead. [4]

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References

  1. "Members of the Wisconsin Legislature 18481999 State of Wisconsin Legislative Bureau. Information Bulletin 99-1, September 1999. p. 62 Archived 2006-12-09 at the Wayback Machine .
  2. Manual for the use of the assembly, of the state of Wisconsin, for the year 1853 Madison: Brown and Carpenter, Printers, 1853; pp. 71, 84, 99*, 109
  3. Dean, John S.; Stewart, Frank M., eds. The legislative manual of the state of Wisconsin; comprising Jefferson's manual, the rules, forms and laws for the regulation of business; also, lists and tables for reference Second Annual Edition. Madison: Atwood and Rublee, State Printers, 1863; pp. 93, 93, 130
  4. History of Walworth County, Wisconsin: Containing an Account of Its Settlement, Growth, Development and Resources; an Extensive and Minute Sketch of Its Cities, Towns and Villages, Their Improvements, Industries, Manufactories, Churches, Schools and Societies; Its War Record, Biographical Sketches, Portraits of Prominent Men and Early Settlers; the Whole Preceded by a History of Wisconsin, Statistics of the State, and an Abstract of Its Laws and Constitution and the Constitution of the United States Chicago: Western Historical Society, 1882; pp. 403, 404, 414, 417, 430, 449, 453-55, 458-59, 864-65, 868