Thomas William Lyster

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Thomas William Lyster (18551922) was director of the National Library of Ireland in Dublin between 1895 and his retirement in 1920. [1] [2]

National Library of Ireland

The National Library of Ireland is the Republic of Ireland's national library located in Dublin, in a building designed by Thomas Newenham Deane. The Minister for Culture, Heritage and the Gaeltacht is the member of the Government of Ireland responsible for the library.

Dublin capital and largest city in Ireland

Dublin is the capital of, and largest city in, Ireland. It is on the east coast of Ireland, in the province of Leinster, at the mouth of the River Liffey, and is bordered on the south by the Wicklow mountains. It has an urban area population of 1,173,179, while the population of the Dublin Region, as of 2016, was 1,347,359, and the population of the Greater Dublin area was 1,904,806.

Lyster joined the library in 1878 and was appointed as its director in 1895. He was also a scholar who translated Düntzer’s Life of Goethe in 1883 and edited a poetry schoolbook, the Intermediate School Anthology. [2]

Johann Wolfgang von Goethe 18th/19th-century German writer, artist, and politician

Johann Wolfgang (von) Goethe was a German writer and statesman. His works include four novels; epic and lyric poetry; prose and verse dramas; memoirs; an autobiography; literary and aesthetic criticism; and treatises on botany, anatomy, and colour. In addition, there are numerous literary and scientific fragments, more than 10,000 letters, and nearly 3,000 drawings by him extant.

Although a member of the Church of Ireland, he was used by James Joyce as the model for a "quaker librarian" in his novel Ulysses . An whimsical account of him is given in Oliver St John Gogarty's As I was Going down Sackville Street when Gogarty visits the national library. [3] In this book Lyster is very solicitous of the various needs of the readers in the library.

Church of Ireland Anglican church in Ireland

The Church of Ireland is a Christian church in Ireland and an autonomous province of the Anglican Communion. It is organised on an all-Ireland basis and is the second-largest Christian church on the island after the Roman Catholic Church. Like other Anglican churches, it has retained elements of pre-Reformation practice, notably its episcopal polity, while rejecting the primacy of the Bishop of Rome. In theological and liturgical matters, it incorporates many principles of the Reformation, particularly those espoused during the English Reformation. The church self-identifies as being both Catholic and Reformed. Within the church, differences exist between those members who are more Catholic-leaning and those who are more Protestant-leaning. For historical and cultural reasons, the Church of Ireland is generally identified as a Protestant church.

James Joyce Influential Irish novelist, short story author and poet, 20th century

James Augustine Aloysius Joyce was an Irish novelist, short story writer, poet, teacher, and literary critic. He contributed to the modernist avant-garde and is regarded as one of the most influential and important authors of the 20th century. Joyce is best known for Ulysses (1922), a landmark work in which the episodes of Homer's Odyssey are paralleled in a variety of literary styles, most famously stream of consciousness. Other well-known works are the short-story collection Dubliners (1914), and the novels A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man (1916) and Finnegans Wake (1939). His other writings include three books of poetry, a play, his published letters and occasional journalism.

<i>Ulysses</i> (novel) novel by the Irish author James Joyce

Ulysses is a modernist novel by Irish writer James Joyce. It was first serialised in parts in the American journal The Little Review from March 1918 to December 1920 and then published in its entirety in Paris by Sylvia Beach on 2 February 1922, Joyce's 40th birthday. It is considered to be one of the most important works of modernist literature and has been called "a demonstration and summation of the entire movement." According to Declan Kiberd, "Before Joyce, no writer of fiction had so foregrounded the process of thinking".


Johann Heinrich Joseph Düntzer was a German philologist and historian of literature.

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  1. "Thomas Lyster". Ricorso. Retrieved 2010-08-22.
  2. 1 2 "Directors of the Library". National Library of Ireland. Retrieved 2010-08-22.
  3. Gogarty, O. St J. (1954) As I was Going down Sackville Street. Harmondsworth: Penguin; ch. 1