Thomas and William Lumby

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Thomas and William Lumby
Boston Corporation Arms - geograph.org.uk - 1114025.jpg
Boston Corporation Arms on the Exchange Building, Boston. 1772
NationalityEnglish
OccupationArchitect
BuildingsBoston Exchange Building. Lincolnshire County Hospital, Lincoln Castle Gaol and the Lincoln Bluecoat school.
ProjectsWork for the Earl of Exeter in Stamford

Thomas Lumby and William Lumby (c1755-1804) were master carpenters and architects working in Lincoln in the latter part of the 18th century. Thomas Lumby was the father of William. As they worked together and there is some confusion as which buildings each of them designed, they have been grouped together. It seems likely that after 1784, William Lumby had taken the business over from his father. Thomas Lumby undertook work at a number of major houses in Lincolnshire including Doddington Hall and Burghley House as well as building Caenby Hall and Corporation House (now the Exchange at Boston, Lincolnshire. [1]

Doddington Hall, Lincolnshire house in Doddington, Lincolnshire, England

Doddington Hall is, from the outside, an Elizabethan prodigy house or mansion complete with walled courtyards and a gabled gatehouse. Inside it was very largely updated in the 1760s. It is located in the village of Doddington, to the west of the city of Lincoln in Lincolnshire, England.

Burghley House grand sixteenth-century country house near Stamford, Lincolnshire, England

Burghley House is a grand sixteenth-century country house in the civil parishes of St Martin's Without and Barnack in the Peterborough unitary authority of the English county of Cambridgeshire, but adjoining Stamford in Lincolnshire. It is a leading example of the Elizabethan prodigy house, built by and still lived in by the Cecil family. Its park was laid out by Capability Brown. The exterior very largely retains its Elizabethan appearance, but most of the interiors date from remodellings before 1800. The house is open to the public and displays a circuit of grand and richly furnished state apartments.

Caenby village in the United Kingdom

Caenby is a hamlet and civil parish in the West Lindsey district of Lincolnshire, England. It is situated 10 miles (16 km) north from the city and county town of Lincoln. The population is included in the civil parish of Glentham.

Contents

Careers

Thomas Lumby was highly recommended in 1775 by James Essex to the Bishop of Lincoln for his work, but in the same year he was declared bankrupt. In 1776-9 Thomas and William Lumby were working closely with Essex on the re-fitting of the interior of the Cathedral including woodwork and the re-positioning of the altar rails. [2] By 1781 Thomas Lumby appears to have moved to Stamford, where he was acting as architect and surveyor for the 9th Earl of Exeter. In 1793, William Lumby succeeded William Jepson the Clerk to fabric and surveyor of Cathedral following Jepson's death. [3] By this time Lumby was working closely with Edward James Willson, who provides much information about Lumby. Lumby probably trained Willson as an architect and Willson succeeded Lumby as the Clerk to the fabric of the Cathedral. Willson recounts that William Lumby was of a very ingenious turn of mind, mild and gentle. He died at Greatford near Stamford on 18 August 1804, before the age of 50, after falling into a low and nervous state of health, which almost rendered him incapable of attending to business. [4] William Lumby provided drawings for Richard Gough for the revision of the Lincoln section of Camden's Britannia which was published in 1806. These include a survey of Lincoln Castle with detailed drawings the West Gate and the barbican to the East Gate, which was demolished shortly afterwards. Also a plan of the grave slabs in the Cathedral before the floor was repaved and detailed drawings of the Roman aqueduct to the North East of Lincoln. [5] Lumby also drew the plan and elevations of the Lincoln Cathedral which were published by the Society of Antiquaries in Vetusta Monumenta in 1791. [6]

James Essex (1722–1784) was an English builder and architect who worked in Cambridge, where he was born. He designed portions of many colleges of the University of Cambridge, and carried out major restorations of the cathedrals at Ely and Lincoln. He was an admirer of Gothic architecture, and assembled materials for a history of the style, though the book remained unpublished.

Stamford, Lincolnshire town in Lincolnshire, England

Stamford is a town on the River Welland in Lincolnshire, England, 92 miles (148 km) north of London on the A1. The population at the 2011 census was 19,701. The town has 17th and 18th-century stone buildings, older timber-framed buildings and five medieval parish churches. In 2013, Stamford was rated the best place to live in a survey by The Sunday Times.

Brownlow Cecil, 9th Earl of Exeter, known as Lord Burghley from 1725 to 1754, was a British peer and Member of Parliament.

Work by Thomas Lumby

Boston Exchange, Lincolnshire, 1770-4 Boston Exchange - geograph.org.uk - 1114020.jpg
Boston Exchange, Lincolnshire, 1770-4
Boston, Lincolnshire town in Lincolnshire, England

Boston is a town and small port in Lincolnshire, on the east coast of England, approximately 100 miles (160 km) north of London. It is the largest town of the wider Borough of Boston local government district. The town itself had a population of 35,124 at the 2001 census, while the borough had a total population of 66,900, at the ONS mid-2015 estimates. It is due north of Greenwich on the Prime Meridian.

Work by either Thomas or William Lumby

Redbourne Church Redbourne Church - geograph.org.uk - 182689.jpg
Redbourne Church
Doddington Church Doddington Church 01.JPG
Doddington Church
Redbourne human settlement in United Kingdom

Redbourne is a village and civil parish in the North Lincolnshire district of Lincolnshire, England. The village is situated near the A15 road, and 5 miles (8 km) south from Brigg. According to the 2001 Census Redbourne had a population of 386, rising slightly to 400 at the 2011 census.

Georgian architecture set of architectural styles current between 1720 and 1840

Georgian architecture is the name given in most English-speaking countries to the set of architectural styles current between 1714 and 1830. It is eponymous for the first four British monarchs of the House of Hanover—George I, George II, George III, and George IV—who reigned in continuous succession from August 1714 to June 1830. The style was revived in the late 19th century in the United States as Colonial Revival architecture and in the early 20th century in Great Britain as Neo-Georgian architecture; in both it is also called Georgian Revival architecture. In the United States the term "Georgian" is generally used to describe all buildings from the period, regardless of style; in Britain it is generally restricted to buildings that are "architectural in intention", and have stylistic characteristics that are typical of the period, though that covers a wide range.

Ashlar Finely dressed stone and associated masonry

Ashlar is finely dressed stone, either an individual stone that has been worked until squared or the structure built of it. Ashlar is the finest stone masonry unit, generally cuboid, mentioned by Vitruvius as opus isodomum, or less frequently trapezoidal. Precisely cut "on all faces adjacent to those of other stones", ashlar is capable of very thin joints between blocks, and the visible face of the stone may be quarry-faced or feature a variety of treatments: tooled, smoothly polished or rendered with another material for decorative effect.

Attributed to Thomas or William Lumby

St.Helen's portico St.Helen's portico - geograph.org.uk - 180274.jpg
St.Helen's portico
St Helen, Saxby St Helen, Saxby - geograph.org.uk - 105645.jpg
St Helen, Saxby
Saxby, Lincolnshire village and civil parish in West Lindsey, Lincolnshire, England

Saxby is a village and civil parish in the West Lindsey district of Lincolnshire, England. It is situated 9 miles (14 km) north from Lincoln and 2.5 miles (4.0 km) east from the A15 road. The population is included in the civil parish of Owmby by Spital.

Earl of Scarbrough

Earl of Scarbrough is a title in the Peerage of England. It was created in 1690 for Richard Lumley, 2nd Viscount Lumley. He is best remembered as one of the Immortal Seven who invited William of Orange to invade England and depose his father-in-law James II. Lumley had already been created Baron Lumley, of Lumley Castle in the County of Durham, in 1681, and Viscount Lumley, of Lumley Castle in the County of Durham, in 1689. These titles are also in the Peerage of England. The title of Viscount Lumley, of Waterford, was created in the Peerage of Ireland in 1628 for his grandfather Sir Richard Lumley, who later fought as a Royalist in the Civil War.

Pediment element in classical, neoclassical and baroque architecture

A pediment is an architectural element found particularly in classical, neoclassical and baroque architecture, and its derivatives, consisting of a gable, usually of a triangular shape, placed above the horizontal structure of the entablature, typically supported by columns. The tympanum, the triangular area within the pediment, is often decorated with relief sculpture.

Work by William Lumby

Former County Hospital now Chad Varah House Chad Varah House - geograph.org.uk - 126505.jpg
Former County Hospital now Chad Varah House
Bluecoat School - geograph.org.uk - 134111 Bluecoat School - geograph.org.uk - 134111.jpg
Bluecoat School - geograph.org.uk - 134111
Old Gaol, Lincoln Castle Old Gaol, Lincoln Castle (geograph 3492621).jpg
Old Gaol, Lincoln Castle
Doric order Order of ancient Greek and Roman architecture, with no base to the column, simple capital, and triglyphs on the frieze

The Doric order was one of the three orders of ancient Greek and later Roman architecture; the other two canonical orders were the Ionic and the Corinthian. The Doric is most easily recognized by the simple circular capitals at the top of columns. Originating in the western Dorian region of Greece, it is the earliest and in its essence the simplest of the orders, though still with complex details in the entablature above.

Tympanum (architecture) architectural element

In architecture, a tympanum is the semi-circular or triangular decorative wall surface over an entrance, door or window, which is bounded by a lintel and arch. It often contains sculpture or other imagery or ornaments. Most architectural styles include this element.

Lincoln College of Art

The Lincoln College of Art was an educational institution devoted to the arts, based in the English city of Lincoln with its origins in the mid-nineteenth century. The institution changed shape and name numerous times over its history before being absorbed into the University of Lincoln. Midway through the nineteenth century, the then British Government's Department of Science and Art, based in South Kensington, began establishing a network of art schools as a means of promoting and aiding manufacturing. One of the oldest institutions of its kind in Britain, it became one of Britain's leading art schools, and was one of the first to introduce the teaching of the techniques derived from the French School of Impressionism. Many of its students went on to exhibit at the Paris Salon and the Royal Academy. Amongst its alumni are members of the Newlyn School and two Royal Academicians. It also popularised the art and crafts exhibitions in Lincolnshire that became important annual events in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

[18]

Literature

Related Research Articles

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References

  1. "Colvin" {1995), 627-28
  2. "Colvin" (1995), 628.
  3. Colvin states c1775, but this must be incorrect
  4. Presumably he had moved to his father's house and that his father may have outlived him."Colvin" (1995), 628.
  5. The originals of these drawings are in the Bodleian Library, "Richard Gough", (1806) Camden Britannia, Vol 2, pls X, XI, XII.
  6. "Vetusta Monumenta", 1791, pls 10 &11
  7. "Colvin" (1995), 628.
  8. "Colvin" (1995), 628.
  9. "Colvin" (1995), 628.
  10. Antram N (revised), Pevsner N & Harris J, (1989), The Buildings of England: Lincolnshire, Yale University Press. pg 608
  11. "Antram", (1989), pg 253
  12. "Saxby and East Firsby Parish Meeting".
  13. Good Stuff. "Church of St Helen - Saxby - Lincolnshire - England - British Listed Buildings".
  14. "Antram"(1989), 622
  15. "Antram"(1989), 510.
  16. "Antram"(1989), 519.
  17. Good Stuff. "Governor's House and Old Prison and Chapel and Exercise Yard and Enclosing Wall - Lincoln - Lincolnshire - England - British Listed Buildings".
  18. Good Stuff. "The Residence and Vicars Court and Adjoining Boundary Walls - Southwell - Nottinghamshire - England - British Listed Buildings".
  19. Gillet E. (1970), The History of Grimsby, pg. 165