Thomas de Roxas

Last updated
Captain

Thomas de Roxas
Vice-Mayor of Buenos Aires
In office
1654–1655
Monarch Philip IV of Spain
Preceded by Fernando Ñuño del Aguila
Succeeded by Jacinto Vela de Hinojosa
Procurador General of Buenos Aires
In office
1648–1649
MonarchPhilip IV of Spain
Preceded by Sebastián Flores de Santa Cruz
Succeeded by Esteban de Acosta
Personal details
BornMarch 20, 1626
Buenos Aires, Argentina
DiedNovember 11, 1668
Madrid, Spain
NationalitySpanish
Occupation army
politician
ProfessionArmy officer
Military service
AllegianceFlag of Cross of Burgundy.svg  Spain
Branch/service Spanish Army
Years of servicec. 1645-1660s
RankCaptain
Unit Fuerte de Buenos Aires

Thomas de Roxas Acevedo (1626-1668) was a Spanish politician and military man, who served as member of the city council as alcalde and regidor of Buenos Aires. [1]

Alcalde is the traditional Spanish municipal magistrate, who had both judicial and administrative functions. An alcalde was, in the absence of a corregidor, the presiding officer of the Castilian cabildo and judge of first instance of a town. Alcaldes were elected annually, without the right to reelection for two or three years, by the regidores of the municipal council. The office of the alcalde was signified by a staff of office, which they were to take with them when doing their business. A woman who holds the office is termed an Alcaldesa.

A regidor is a member of a council of municipalities in Spain and Latin America. Portugal also used to have the same office of regedor.

Contents

Biography

He was born in Buenos Aires, the son of Pedro de Roxas y Acevedo and María de Vega, born in Santiago del Estero. [2] After completing his elementary studies, he served in the militia, reaching the Captain degree of the Presidio de Buenos Aires.

Pedro de Roxas y Acevedo

Pedro de Roxas Acevedo was a Spanish military officer, and politician, who served in Buenos Aires and Asunción holding honorary positions, including the post of Governor of the Río de la Plata and Paraguay, on an interim term between January 8, 1641 to July 17, 1641.

Santiago del Estero City in Argentina

Santiago del Estero is the capital of Santiago del Estero Province in northern Argentina. It has a population of 252,192 inhabitants, making it the twelfth largest city in the country, with a surface area of 2,116 km². It lies on the Dulce River and on National Route 9, at a distance of 1,042 km north-northwest from Buenos Aires. Estimated to be 455 years old, Santiago del Estero was the first city founded by Spanish settlers in the territory that is now Argentina. As such, it is nicknamed "Madre de Ciudades". Similarly, it has been officially declared the "mother of cities and cradle of folklore."

Fuerte de Buenos Aires

Fuerte de Buenos Aires was the main Spanish fortress of the city of Buenos Aires during the colonial period.

He was appointed as Síndico Procurador General of the city in 1648, [3] and was elect as alcalde of 2nd vote of Buenos Aires in 1654. He also served alférez real, mayordomo and regidor of the Cabildo of Buenos Aires. [4]

Thomas de Roxas y Acevedo was involved in illegal trade in the Río de la Plata. [5] His grandfather Diego de Vega, was a known smuggler, who served as banker of Buenos Aires towards the beginning of the 17th century. [6]

Río de la Plata River or estuary in South America

The Río de la Plata —rendered River Plate in British English and the Commonwealth and La Plata River in other English-speaking countries—is the estuary formed by the confluence of the Uruguay and the Paraná rivers. It empties into the Atlantic Ocean, forming a funnel-shaped indentation on the southeastern coastline of South America. Depending on the geographer, the Río de la Plata may be considered a river, an estuary, a gulf or a marginal sea. For those who consider it a river, it is the widest river in the world, with a maximum width of about 220 kilometres (140 mi).

Diego de Vega (1570-1630s) was a Portuguese merchant and financier. He was the first banker in Buenos Aires during the viceroyalty of Peru.

The word contraband, reported in English since 1529, from Medieval French contrebande "a smuggling," denotes any item that, relating to its nature, is illegal to be possessed or sold.

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References

  1. Dote matrimonial y redes de poder en el antiguo régimen en Espan̋a e Hispanoamérica, Nora Siegrist de Gentile, Samudio Azpúrua Samudio A.
  2. Buenos Aires en el siglo XVII. Ricardo de Lafuente Machaín.
  3. Buenos Aires vista por sus procuradores (1580-1821), María Isabel Seoane
  4. Acuerdos del extinguido Cabildo de Buenos Aires, Volume 11. Buenos Aires (Argentina). Cabildo, José Juan Biedma, Augusto S. Mallié, Héctor C. Quesada, Eugenio Corbet France.
  5. Historia de la Primera Audiencia de Buenos Aires, 1661-1672, Universidad Católica Argentina
  6. Contrabando y Control Colonial en el Siglo XVII: Buenos Aires, el Atlántico y el Espacio Peruano. Zacarías Moutoukias.