Thor Heyerdahl Climate Park

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Thor Heyerdahl Climate Park is an 1,800-acre climate park located in Ayeyarwady Region of Myanmar. The park is situated at the delta region of Irrawaddy River at the edge of the Bay of Bengal. The park was named after the Norwegian adventurer and ethnographer, Thor Heyerdahl. [1] It was initiated following the research on mangrove restoration by the Worldview International Foundation (WIF) in 2012 in association with Pathein University, Myeik University and Ministry of Environmental Conservation and Forestry, Myanmar. The park is designed for mangrove restoration in Myanmar to overcome losses of 1 million Hectares since 1980. [2]

Contents

Overview

Thor Heyerdahl Climate Park was started in 2012 by Arne Fjørtoft and Ministry of Environmental Conservation and Forestry, Myanmar as a pilot project for large scale mangrove restoration worldwide based on three years research by WIF in co-operation with Pathein University and Myeik University. [3] [4] The park is planned to plant nearly 9 million mangrove trees in three yearly stages between 2015 and 2018. From January 2015 to July 2015, over 400,000 mangrove trees have been planted in the park and 100,000 in the nursery for planting at later stages in 2015. During this period, additional land has been cleared for planting of 1 million mangrove trees in 2016. This will complete planting in 2016 of 2 million trees in the park, with a capacity to mitigate 2 million tons of CO2 climate gases during 20 years growth period of the trees. During 2017 and 2018, the park is planned to plant the remaining 6 million trees. The project has been supported by Intercultural Open University Foundation, Letten Foundation and other institutions, companies and private individuals. [5] [6]

Tanintharyi Region

An invitation to plant on 5,000 acres around Myeik area in Tanintharyi Region is in planning stage of Ministry of Environmental Conservation and Forestry, which is scheduled for a possible start in 2016, with a capacity to mitigate 6 million tons CO2.

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Ayeyarwady Region Region in Lower, Myanmar

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According to a report by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Myanmar lost 19%, or 7,445,000 hectares, of forest between 1990 and 2010. With forest covering as much as 70% of Burma at the time of independence, there were only slightly more than 48% forest cover left as of 2014. The deforestation rate of Myanmar has declined from 0.95% per year in the years 1990-2010 to about 0.3% per year and deforestation in Myanmar is now less than other countries of the region such as Indonesia or Vietnam, but still remains an important environmental issue. Three main factors contribute to continued deforestation: unsustainable and illegal logging, unresolved land rights and land disputes and extensive agricultural development.

Mangrove deforestation in Myanmar

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The climate of Myanmar varies depending on location and in the highlands, on elevation. The climate is subtropical/tropical and has three seasons, a "cool winter from November to February, a hot summer season in March and April and a rainy season from May to October, dominated by the southwest monsoon." A large portion of the country lies between the Tropic of Cancer and the Equator and the entirety of the country lies in the monsoon region of Asia, with its coastal regions receiving over 5,000 mm (196.9 in) of rain annually. Annual rainfall in the delta region is approximately 2,500 mm (98.4 in), while average annual rainfall in the Dry Zone in central Myanmar is less than 1,000 mm (39.4 in). The higher elevations of the highlands are predisposed to heavy snowfall, especially in the North. The Northern regions of Myanmar are the coolest, with average temperatures of 21 °C (70 °F). Coastal and delta regions have an average maximum temperature of 32 °C (89.6 °F).

References

  1. Tilburg, Jo Anne Van (19 April 2002). "Thor Heyerdahl". The Guardian. Retrieved 19 August 2015.
  2. "About the project". Thor Heyerdahl Climate Park. Retrieved 19 August 2015.
  3. "Forests of the Tide". Worldview International Foundation. Retrieved 8 September 2015.
  4. "Regrowing Forests of the Tide". Mission Blue. 14 May 2015. Retrieved 8 September 2015.
  5. "The Thor Heyerdahl Climate Park in the Delta Region of Myanmar". Stand up for Climate - Stand up for Life. 21 June 2015. Retrieved 8 September 2015.
  6. "IOUF extended its support for preserving delta region in Myanmar". Intercultural Open University Foundation. Retrieved 8 September 2015.