Thorpe Waterville Castle

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Thorpe Waterville Castle
Thorpe Waterville, Northamptonshire, England
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Thorpe Waterville Castle
Coordinates 52°25′16″N0°29′55″W / 52.4211°N 0.4986°W / 52.4211; -0.4986 Coordinates: 52°25′16″N0°29′55″W / 52.4211°N 0.4986°W / 52.4211; -0.4986
Grid reference grid reference TL022814
Type Fortified manor house
Site information
Owner The Venn family

Thorpe Waterville Castle was a medieval fortified manor house near Thorpe Waterville, Northamptonshire, England.

Manor house country house that historically formed the administrative centre of a manor

A manor house was historically the main residence of the lord of the manor. The house formed the administrative centre of a manor in the European feudal system; within its great hall were held the lord's manorial courts, communal meals with manorial tenants and great banquets. The term is today loosely applied to various country houses, frequently dating from the late medieval era, which formerly housed the gentry.

Thorpe Waterville village in United Kingdom

Thorpe Waterville is a village in the English county of Northamptonshire. It is combined with Achurch to form the ecclesiastical parish of 'Thorpe Achurch'; in turn this is added to another combined parish, Lilford-cum-Wigsthorpe, to form the grouped parish council of Lilford-cum-Wigsthorpe and Thorpe Achurch. This is part of the district of East Northamptonshire.

Northamptonshire County of England

Northamptonshire, archaically known as the County of Northampton, is a county in the East Midlands of England. In 2015 it had a population of 723,000. The county is administered by Northamptonshire County Council and by seven non-metropolitan district councils. It is known as "The Rose of the Shires".

Contents

Details

Thorpe Waterville Castle was built by Walter Langton, the bishop of Coventry and Lichfield, around 1300. [1] The wood for the castle was stolen by Langton from the woods of a nearby abbey. [2] The result was a luxurious fortified home. [3] While owned by Lord Lovell, the castle was successfully besieged in early 1461 during the Wars of the Roses. [4]

Walter Langton was a bishop of Coventry and Lichfield and treasurer of England.

Francis Lovell, 1st Viscount Lovell English nobleman

Francis Lovell, 9th Baron Lovell, 6th Baron Holand, later 1st Viscount LovellKG was an English nobleman who was an ally of King Richard III during the War of the Roses. Sir William Catesby, Sir Richard Ratcliffe and he were among Richard's closest supporters, famously called "the Cat, the Rat and Lovell our dog" in an anti-Ricardian squib. In addition to being an ally, Lovell is attributed as Richard's best friend.

Wars of the Roses Dynastic civil war in England during the 15th-century

The Wars of the Roses were a series of English civil wars for control of the throne of England fought between supporters of two rival branches of the royal House of Plantagenet: the House of Lancaster, associated with a red rose, and the House of York, whose symbol was a white rose. Eventually, the wars eliminated the male lines of both families. The conflict lasted through many sporadic episodes between 1455 and 1487, but there was related fighting before and after this period between the parties. The power struggle ignited around social and financial troubles following the Hundred Years' War, unfolding the structural problems of feudalism, combined with the mental infirmity and weak rule of King Henry VI which revived interest in Richard of York's claim to the throne. Historians disagree on which of these factors to identify as the main reason for the wars.

The hall of the castle was later converted into a barn, and still survives in this form, complete with a distinctive 14th-century chimney. [5] Today, the remains of castle have scheduled monument status and a grade I listed building. [6]

See also

Castles in Great Britain and Ireland Wikimedia list article

Castles have played an important military, economic and social role in Great Britain and Ireland since their introduction following the Norman invasion of England in 1066. Although a small number of castles had been built in England in the 1050s, the Normans began to build motte and bailey and ringworks castles in large numbers to control their newly occupied territories in England and the Welsh Marches. During the 12th century the Normans began to build more castles in stone – with characteristic square keeps – that played both military and political roles. Royal castles were used to control key towns and the economically important forests, while baronial castles were used by the Norman lords to control their widespread estates. David I invited Anglo-Norman lords into Scotland in the early 12th century to help him colonise and control areas of his kingdom such as Galloway; the new lords brought castle technologies with them and wooden castles began to be established over the south of the kingdom. Following the Norman invasion of Ireland in the 1170s, under Henry II, castles were established there too.

Bibliography

International Standard Book Number Unique numeric book identifier

The International Standard Book Number (ISBN) is a numeric commercial book identifier which is intended to be unique. Publishers purchase ISBNs from an affiliate of the International ISBN Agency.

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References

  1. Pettifer, p.168.
  2. Pettifer, p.168.
  3. Mackenzie, p.341.
  4. Mackenzie, p.341.
  5. Pettifer, p.168.
  6. Thorpe Waterville Castle , Gatehouse website, accessed 20 May 2011.