Three Halfpence Red

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Three Halfpence Red
1870 three halfpence stamp of Great Britain.jpg
Country of production United Kingdom
Date of production October 1, 1870 (1870-10-01)–1880 (1880)
Depicts Queen Victoria
Face value1 12d
An imprimatur of the 1870 rose-red three halfpence stamp from Plate 3. In the collection of the British Postal Museum and Archive. 1870 rose-red three halfpence stamp, imprimatur of Plate 3 POST 14129.jpg
An imprimatur of the 1870 rose-red three halfpence stamp from Plate 3. In the collection of the British Postal Museum and Archive.

The Three Halfpence Red, first issued on 1 October 1870, was the first Three Halfpenny postage stamp issued in the United Kingdom.

Postage stamp small piece of paper that is purchased and displayed on an item of mail as evidence of payment of postage

A postage stamp is a small piece of paper issued by a post office, postal administration, or other authorized vendors to customers who pay postage, who then affix the stamp to the face or address-side of any item of mail—an envelope or other postal cover —that they wish to send. The item is then processed by the postal system, where a postmark or cancellation mark—in modern usage indicating date and point of origin of mailing—is applied to the stamp and its left and right sides to prevent its reuse. The item is then delivered to its addressee.

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland Historical sovereign state from 1801 to 1927

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland was established by the Acts of Union 1800, which merged the kingdoms of Great Britain and Ireland.

The 1 12d stamp was line engraved and featured the bust of Queen Victoria in profile common to the Penny Black and Penny Red, bordered by 'Postage Three Half Pence' and numbered in the corners. It was printed in rose-red and lake-red colours. There is also rare variation in rosy-mauve produced ten years earlier in 1860 in anticipation of a change in postal rates. The new rate was not approved and 10,000 sheets of the stamps were destroyed in 1867 but a few copies survive in unused condition.

Penny Black worlds first adhesive postage stamp

The Penny Black was the world's first adhesive postage stamp used in a public postal system. It was first issued in Great Britain on 1 May 1840, but was not valid for use until 6 May. It features a profile of Queen Victoria.

Penny Red

The Penny Red was a British postage stamp, issued in 1841. It succeeded the Penny Black and continued as the main type of postage stamp in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland until 1879, with only minor changes to the design during that time. The colour was changed from black to red because of difficulty in seeing a cancellation mark on the Penny Black; a black cancel was readily visible on a Penny Red.

The plates were numbered 1 and 3, plate 2 was defective and not completed. For plate 3 only, a plate number was engraved in the design, in the left and right side lacework.

The stamp was replaced in 1880 by the surface printed three halfpenny venetian red stamp.

See also

Postage stamps and postal history of Great Britain

Postage stamps and postal history of Great Britain surveys postal history from the United Kingdom and the postage stamps issued by that country and its various historical territories until the present day.

References and sources

References
  1. Phillips Collection, Vol. XXIX, p. 41, British Postal Museum & Archive, finding ref. POST 141/29.
Sources

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