Thyatira (titular see)

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Ruins of the Basilica of Thyatira. ThyatiraBasilika.jpg
Ruins of the Basilica of Thyatira.

Bishopric of Thyatira (Italian: Tiatira) is a titular see of the Roman Catholic Church centered on the ancient Roman city of Thyatira in Asia Minor.

A titular see in various churches is an episcopal see of a former diocese that no longer functions, sometimes called a "dead diocese".

Roman Empire period of Imperial Rome following the Roman Republic (27 BC–395 AD)

The Roman Empire was the post-Roman Republic period of the ancient Roman civilization. It had a government headed by emperors and large territorial holdings around the Mediterranean Sea in Europe, North Africa, and West Asia. From the constitutional reforms of Augustus to the military anarchy of the third century, the Empire was a principate ruled from the city of Rome. The Roman Empire was then divided between a Western Roman Empire, based in Milan and later Ravenna, and an Eastern Roman Empire, based in Nicomedia and later Constantinople, and it was ruled by multiple emperors.

Thyatira Place

Thyateira was the name of an ancient Greek city in Asia Minor, now the modern Turkish city of Akhisar. The name is probably Lydian. It lies in the far west of Turkey, south of Istanbul and almost due east of Athens. It is about 50 miles (80 km) from the Aegean Sea.

Contents

The bishopric of Thyatira stretched back to very early Christianity. Christianity came to the region in the mid 1st century with Paul the Apostle on his Third missionary journey [1] around 54AD, [2] when he stayed for three years in nearby Ephesus. Timothy, Onesimus and John [3] were all active in the area and The Christian community here was addressed by letter of John as it is one of the Seven churches of Revelation.

Early Christianity period of Christianity preceding the First Council of Nicaea in 325

Early Christianity covers the period from its origins until the First Council of Nicaea (325). This period is typically divided into the Apostolic Age and the Ante-Nicene Period. After the death of John the Apostle, early Christianity was guided by the Ante-Nicene Fathers until the Council of Nicaea (c.325). Early Christianity is also known as the Early Church by the proponents of apostolic succession, notably the Catholic Church, the Eastern Orthodox Church, Oriental Orthodoxy, Assyrian Church of the East, and Ancient Church of the East, in addition to some Protestant denominations.

Christianity in the 1st century Christianity-related events during the 1st century

Christianity in the 1st century deals with the formative years of the Early Christian community. The earliest followers of Jesus were a Jewish sect, which historians refer to as Jewish Christianity. The split of early Christianity from Judaism was gradual, as Christianity became a predominantly Gentile religion.

Paul the Apostle Early Christian apostle and missionary

Paul the Apostle, commonly known as Saint Paul and also known by his Jewish name Saul of Tarsus, was an apostle who taught the gospel of Christ to the first-century world. Paul is generally considered one of the most important figures of the Apostolic Age and in the mid-30s to the mid-50s AD he founded several churches in Asia Minor and Europe. He took advantage of his status as both a Jew and a Roman citizen to minister to both Jewish and Roman audiences.

The diocese was in the ecclesiastical province of Sardis.

An ecclesiastical province is one of the basic forms of jurisdiction in Christian Churches with traditional hierarchical structure, including Western Christianity and Eastern Christianity. In general, an ecclesiastical province consists of several dioceses, one of them being the archdiocese, headed by metropolitan bishop or archbishop who has ecclesiastical jurisdiction over all other bishops of the province.

Sardis ancient city at the location of modern Sart

Sardis or Sardes was an ancient city at the location of modern Sart(Sartmahmut before 19 October 2005), near the Salihli in Turkey's Manisa Province. Sardis was the capital of the ancient kingdom of Lydia, one of the important cities of the Persian Empire, the seat of a proconsul under the Roman Empire, and the metropolis of the province Lydia in later Roman and Byzantine times. As one of the seven churches of Asia, it was addressed by John, the author of the Book of Revelation in the New Testament, in terms which seem to imply that its church members did not finish what they started, that they were about image and not substance. Its importance was due first to its military strength, secondly to its situation on an important highway leading from the interior to the Aegean coast, and thirdly to its commanding the wide and fertile plain of the Hermus.

By the 3rd century, almost the entire town was Christian in religion but a stronghold of the Montanist sect. [4]

Known bishops

Ancient bishops of Thyatira
Name Position From To
*Carpus [5] [6] c.155c. 165 [7]
Serras c.258 [8]
Sarapas [9] Attended first Council of Nicaea fl.325
Phoscus [10] attended Council of Chalcedon fl 451
Esaias a presbyter. [11] attended Second Council of Nicaea fl787
Titular Bishops of Thyatira
Name Position From To
Pantaleon Bruns OSB Auxiliary Bishop in Paderborn, Holy Roman Empire20 Jan 1721

[12]

15 December 1727 [13] [14]
Stephanus Ladislaus Luzenszky 7 September 1729 [15] [16] 1734 [17]
Bartolomeo Gradenigo Coadjutor archbishop of Udine, Republic of Venice 24 August 1734 13 March 1762 [18] [19]
Thomas Johann Kaspar von Thun und Hohenstein Auxiliary Bishop in Passau, Holy Roman Empire 16 December 17764 November 1795
Jacobus Ludovicus O'Donnell OFM5 January 1796
Unknown Greek bishop in 1810 [20]
Giuseppe del Prete Belmonte 28 September 1855
Charles Menzies Gordon SJ Apostolic Vicar of Jamaica 28 May 188916 November 1911
Peter Joseph Lausberg Auxiliary Bishop in Cologne, Germany1 May 191430 August 1922
Kazimieras Mikalojus Michalkiewicz Auxiliary Bishop in Vilnius, Lithuania13 January 192316 February 1940
Heinrich Metzroth Auxiliary Bishop in Trier, Germany12 May 1941 19 January 1951
Imre Szabó Auxiliary Bishop in Esztergom, Hungary11 March 195121 May 1976
Thomas Victor Dolinay Auxiliary Bishop in Passaic, USA28 June 19763 December 1981
Myron Michael Daciuk OSBM Auxiliary Bishop in Winnipeg, Canada24 June 198228 October 1991

List of archbishops of Thyateira and Great Britain

See also

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References

  1. Acts of the Apostles:19 21.
  2. Apostle Paul's Third Missionary Journey Map (53-58 AD)
  3. Zahn, T. "John the Apostle", in Schaff, Philip. The New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. VI: Innocents – Liudger, p.203
  4. Epiphaninius Adv Haer LI 33.
  5. Farmer, The Oxford Dictionary of Saints, Oxford University Press (2011) p.78 & 79.
  6. Acts of Carpus, Papylus, and Agathonice.
  7. Eusebius, Historia Ecclesiastica , 4.15.
  8. Robert Eden, p 347. The perpetual government of Christ's church: A new edition, with a biographicale notice, (University Press, 1842) p347.
  9. Patrum Nicaenorum nomina p13.
  10. Richard Price, Michael Gaddis, The Acts of the Council of Chalcedon, Volume 1 (Liverpool University Press, 2005) p 336.
  11. John Gill, An Exposition of the Revelation of S. John the Divine, both doctrinal and practical. (George Keith, 1776 ) p31.
  12. Les Ordinations Épiscopales, Year 1721, Number 10.
  13. Le Petit Episcopologe, Issue 153, Additions/Corrections
  14. Hierarchia Catholica, Volume 5, Page 379.
  15. Hierarchia Catholica, Volume 6, Page 432.
  16. Les Ordinations Épiscopales, Year 1730, Number 10.
  17. Les Ordinations Épiscopales, Year 1734, Number 24.
  18. Annuario Pontificio, Year 1764
  19. Hierarchia Catholica, Volume 6, Page 94, and Page 406.
  20. The London Literary Gazette and Journal of Belles Lettres, Arts, Sciences, Etc (H. Colburn, 1820) p 454.