Tiaa (princess)

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Tiaa
in hieroglyphs

Tiaa was an Ancient Egyptian princess of the 18th dynasty. She was the daughter of Pharaoh Thutmose IV, [1] she was named after her paternal grandmother Tiaa.

Ancient Egypt ancient civilization of Northeastern Africa

Ancient Egypt was a civilization of ancient North Africa, concentrated along the lower reaches of the Nile River in the place that is now the country Egypt. Ancient Egyptian civilization followed prehistoric Egypt and coalesced around 3100 BC with the political unification of Upper and Lower Egypt under Menes. The history of ancient Egypt occurred as a series of stable kingdoms, separated by periods of relative instability known as Intermediate Periods: the Old Kingdom of the Early Bronze Age, the Middle Kingdom of the Middle Bronze Age and the New Kingdom of the Late Bronze Age.

Thutmose IV Egyptian Pharaoh

Thutmose IV was the 8th Pharaoh of the 18th dynasty of Egypt, who ruled in approximately the 14th century BC. His prenomen or royal name, Menkheperure, means "Established in forms is Re."

Tiaa Queen consort of Egypt

Tiaa or Tia'a was an ancient Egyptian queen consort during the Eighteenth Dynasty of Egypt. She was the Great Royal Wife of Pharaoh Amenhotep II and the mother of Thutmose IV.

Fragment of a canopic jar of Tiaa, the King's daughter. 18th Dynasty. Pink limestone. From the Valley of the Queens at Thebes, Egypt. The Petrie Museum of Egyptian Archaeology, London Fragment of a canopic jar of Tiaa, the King's daughter. 18th Dynasty. Pink limestone. From the Valley of the Queens at Thebes, Egypt. The Petrie Museum of Egyptian Archaeology, London.jpg
Fragment of a canopic jar of Tiaa, the King's daughter. 18th Dynasty. Pink limestone. From the Valley of the Queens at Thebes, Egypt. The Petrie Museum of Egyptian Archaeology, London

It is likely that she is the princess shown in the tomb of Sobekhotep (TT63), whose wife Meryt was her nurse. Canopic jars that probably belong to her were found in the Valley of the Queens. [2]

Sobekhotep was an important Ancient Egyptian courtier of the New Kingdom most likely in office under king Thutmosis IV.

TT63

The Theban Tomb TT63 is located in Sheikh Abd el-Qurna. It forms part of the Theban Necropolis, situated on the west bank of the Nile opposite to Luxor.

Canopic jar type of ancient Egyptian funerary jar holding inner organs of the deceased

Canopic jars were used by the ancient Egyptians during the mummification process to store and preserve the viscera of their owner for the afterlife. They were commonly either carved from limestone or were made of pottery. These jars were used by the ancient Egyptians from the time of the Old Kingdom until the time of the Late Period or the Ptolemaic Period, by which time the viscera were simply wrapped and placed with the body. The viscera were not kept in a single canopic jar: each jar was reserved for specific organs. The name "canopic" reflects the mistaken association by early Egyptologists with the Greek legend of Canopus - the boat captain of Menelaus on the voyage to Troy - "who was buried at Canopus in the Delta where he was worshiped in the form of a jar".

She died during the reign of her brother Amenhotep III. Her original burial place is not known. [3] Her mummy was reburied during the 21st dynasty in the Sheikh Abd el-Qurna cache, along with the mummies of several other royal princesses: Amenemopet and Petepihu, who were probably her sisters; Nebetia, her niece, and princesses Tatau, Henutiunu, Meritptah, Sithori and Wiay. [4] Her mummy label identifies her as King's Daughter of Menkheperure. [5] [6] The tomb was discovered in 1857.

Amenhotep III Ninth Pharaoh of the Eighteenth dynasty of Egypt

Amenhotep III, also known as Amenhotep the Magnificent, was the ninth pharaoh of the Eighteenth Dynasty. According to different authors, he ruled Egypt from June 1386 to 1349 BC, or from June 1388 BC to December 1351 BC/1350 BC, after his father Thutmose IV died. Amenhotep III was Thutmose's son by a minor wife, Mutemwiya.

The Sheikh Abd el-Qurna cache was discovered in 1857 by Alexander Henry Rhind. The tomb is located at the foothills of Sheikh Abd el-Qurna, near TT131. The tomb had been sealed with a wall carrying the seal of Pharaoh Amenhotep III. The tomb contained bones, bandages and several disturbed mummies. It also contained several wooden labels with inscriptions mentioning several royal women.

Amenemopet was an Ancient Egyptian princess during the 18th Dynasty, probably a daughter of Thutmose IV.

Sources

  1. Aidan Dodson & Dyan Hilton, The Complete Royal Families of Ancient Egypt, Thames & Hudson (2004) ISBN   0-500-05128-3, p.140
  2. Dodson & Hilton, p.140
  3. Joann Fletcher: Egypt’s Sun King – Amenhotep III (Duncan Baird Publishers, London, 2000) ISBN   1-900131-09-9, p.144
  4. Dodson & Hilton, p.135
  5. Aidan Dodson and Jac. J. Janssen, A Theban Tomb and Its Tenants, The Journal of Egyptian Archaeology, Vol. 75 (1989), pp. 125-138
  6. Fletcher, p.145

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