Tidewater Academy

Last updated
Tidewater Academy
Address
Tidewater Academy
217 W. Church Street

,
23888

United States
Coordinates 36°58′17″N76°59′15″W / 36.971284°N 76.987478°W / 36.971284; -76.987478 Coordinates: 36°58′17″N76°59′15″W / 36.971284°N 76.987478°W / 36.971284; -76.987478
Information
MottoVincit veritas ('Truth conquers')
Established1964
CEEB code 472297
Head of schoolLisa Francis [1]
GradesPreschool-12
Colour(s) Columbia blue and White   
MascotWarrior
Website Tidewater Academy

Tidewater Academy is a private school in Wakefield, Virginia which was founded in 1964 as a segregation academy. It serves students in preschool through grade 12 and is accredited by the Virginia Association of Independent Schools.

Contents

History

In the summer of 1964, ground work was laid to organize a segregation academy in Wakefield as part of Virginia's campaign of massive resistance against the integration of public schools required by the United States Supreme Court decision Brown v. Board of Education. [2] Successful efforts and plans to keep a high school in town were realized when the first Board of Directors, and administration, faculty and staff for Tidewater Academy were chosen that year. On March 24, 1964, under the provisions of Chapter 2 of Title 13.1 of the Code of Virginia, 1950, Tidewater Academy became incorporated.

The school was one of a network of segregated private schools established by the Virginia Education Fund in response the racial integration of public schools. [3]

As defined in 1964, the goals of Tidewater Academy were to "provide a thorough academic education with emphasis on preparation for college; to build an understanding of local cultural heritage and respect for learning; and to create in each student a sense of responsibility for effective leadership, good moral character, and an appreciation of spiritual values." In the second academic year, a lower school program was added to provide a system of twelve grades.

In the early years, classes were housed wherever space was available. Subsequently, buildings were completed by volunteers at what is now the Upper School Campus on Church Street in Wakefield. In 1977 facilities for students in kindergarten through grade six were provided. Since the completion of the new lower school building, all grades are now located at the Wakefield campus.

Tidewater Academy is a member school of the Virginia Association of Independent Schools. Tidewater Academy currently employs a total of 38 full and part-time faculty (14 alumni) and staff members. [4]

Twenty one years after Tidewater Academy opened its doors, it admitted its first African-American student. [5] [6]

Related Research Articles

Prince Edward County, Virginia U.S. county in Virginia

Prince Edward County is located in the Commonwealth of Virginia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 23,368. Its county seat is Farmville.

Barrie School School in Silver Spring, Maryland, United States

Barrie School is an independent school for all grades of pre-collegiate education located in an unincorporated area of Montgomery County, Maryland, outside of Washington, D.C. The school is within the Glenmont census designated place, has a Silver Spring postal address, and is in close proximity to Layhill. Barrie School is a nonprofit school with 501(c)(3) status.

Norfolk Collegiate School Independent school in Norfolk, Virginia, United States

Norfolk Collegiate is a coeducational independent day school in Norfolk, Virginia for students in pre-kindergarten through 12th grade. Norfolk Collegiate is accredited by the Virginia Association of Independent Schools (VAIS) and by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools (SACS). It's also a member of the Tidewater Conference of Independent Schools, which includes 10 private schools from the Hampton Roads region of Virginia, as well as a member of the Virginia Independent Schools Athletic Association.

Randolph-Macon Academy Private (boarding) school in Front Royal, Virginia, United States

Randolph-Macon Academy (R-MA) is a coeducational college preparatory school for students in grades 6–12 and postgraduates in Front Royal, Virginia, US. The school was founded in 1892 and features both boarding and day programs. Randolph-Macon Academy is affiliated with the United Methodist Church.

Segregation academy

Segregation academies are private schools in the Southern United States that were founded in the mid-20th century by white parents to avoid having their children attend desegregated public schools. They were founded between 1954, when the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that segregated public schools were unconstitutional, and 1976, when the court ruled similarly about private schools.

Fuqua School Private school in Farmville, Virginia, United States

Fuqua School is a private primary and secondary school located in Farmville, Virginia. It was founded as Prince Edward Academy in 1959 as a segregation academy and renamed after businessman J.B. Fuqua made a large contribution to the school in 1993.

Briarcrest Christian School Private coeducational school in Eads, Tennessee

Briarcrest Christian School is a private, coeducational, Christian school in Eads, an unincorporated area of Shelby County, Tennessee. The school was founded as a segregation academy during the racial integration of public schools in Memphis, Tennessee. Today, it serves students in kindergarten through 12th grade.

Cape Fear Academy Private school in Wilmington, North Carolina, United States

Cape Fear Academy is a private, coeducational PK3–12 school in Wilmington, North Carolina that was established in July 1968 as a segregation academy. It was named for the original Cape Fear Academy, an independent school for boys in Wilmington that operated from 1868 until 1916. The present school's first class graduated in 1971.

Jackson Preparatory School (Mississippi) Independent school in Jackson, Mississippi, United States

Jackson Preparatory School is an independent, coeducational, day school enrolling 820 students in grades six through twelve. The school is located in Flowood, Mississippi, a suburb of Jackson, and has a controversial history as a segregation academy.

Green v. County School Board of New Kent County, 391 U.S. 430 (1968), was an important United States Supreme Court case involving school desegregation. Specifically, the Court dealt with the freedom of choice plans created to avoid compliance with the Supreme Court's mandate in Brown II in 1955. The Court held unanimously that New Kent County's freedom of choice plan did not adequately comply with the school board's responsibility to determine a system of admission to public schools on a non-racial basis. The Supreme Court mandated that the school board must formulate new plans and steps towards realistically converting to a desegregated system. Green v. County School Board of New Kent County was a follow up of Brown v. Board of Education.

Amelia Academy is an independent co-educational college preparatory school in Amelia, Virginia. It was founded in 1964 as a segregation academy. The campus is located within the rural Piedmont region of central Virginia.

Wakefield High School is one of three public high schools located in Arlington, Virginia, United States, closely bordering Alexandria. It has 140 teachers and 2,104 students in grades 9–12 as of the 2016–2017 academic year.

Wakefield Country Day School Independent, private school in Flint Hill, Virginia, United States

Wakefield Country Day School is a co-educational, independent, non-sectarian elementary, middle, and high school situated in Rappahannock County, United States and serving grades preschool through grade 12. The school's 12-acre (49,000 m2) campus is located near the town of Flint Hill, about 90 minutes from Washington, DC. Founded and in continuous operation since 1972, the school is accredited with the Virginia Independent School Association. The fifth largest employer in Rappahannock, the school as of May 2020 had an enrollment of 150 students from that county and eight others — Culpeper, Fauquier, Frederick, Madison, Page, Prince William, Shenandoah and Warren.

Hampton Roads Academy Private, coeducational school in Newport News, Virginia, United States

Hampton Roads Academy is a private independent, co-educational, day school in Newport News, Virginia serving 644 students in grades Pre-K through twelve, and part of the Tidewater Conference of Independent Schools. HRA is accredited through the Virginia Association of Independent Schools, and is a member of the National Association of Independent Schools. The average class size is 16, and there are 65 students in the Class of 2017. The school was founded in 1959, in the context of massive resistance, as a segregation academy.

Kenston Forest School Private school

Kenston Forest School (KFS) is a private school located in Blackstone, Virginia, which serves students from ten surrounding counties. It was founded to avoid integration. In addition to educating grades pre-kindergarten through twelve, the school has an Early Learning Program that is licensed by the State of Virginia. The school is accredited through the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools and the Virginia Independent Schools Association.

Orangeburg Preparatory Schools Independent school in Orangeburg, Orangeburg County, South Carolina, United States

Orangeburg Preparatory Schools, Inc. is an independent, college-preparatory, coeducational day school enrolling students in preschool through twelfth grade. It is located in Orangeburg, South Carolina. Orangeburg Prep has two campuses: the Lower Campus, housing preschool to 5th grade; and the Upper Campus, housing grades 6 to 12. OPS also operates a year-round day care center on the Lower Campus. Orangeburg Prep was formed through the merger of two segregation academies, Wade Hampton and Willington Academy.

The Stanley Plan was a package of 13 statutes adopted in September 1956 by the U.S. state of Virginia. The statutes were designed to ensure racial segregation would continue in that state's public schools despite the unanimous ruling of the U.S. Supreme Court in Brown v. Board of Education (1954) that school segregation was unconstitutional. The legislative program was named for Governor Thomas B. Stanley, a Democrat, who proposed the program and successfully pushed for its enactment. The Stanley plan was a critical element in the policy of "massive resistance" to the Brown ruling advocated by U.S. Senator Harry F. Byrd Sr. The plan also included measures designed to curb the Virginia state chapter of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), which many Virginia segregationists believed was responsible for "stirring up" litigation to integrate the public schools.

School integration in the United States Racial desegregation process

School integration in the United States is the process of ending race-based segregation within American public and private schools. Racial segregation in schools existed throughout most of American history and remains an issue in contemporary education. During the Civil Rights Movement school integration became a priority, but since then de facto segregation has again become prevalent.

Tomahawk Academy was a private school in Chesterfield County, Virginia, established in 1964 when black students became eligible to attend the county schools after the landmark Brown v. Board of Education Supreme Court ruling.

St. Vincent de Paul High School was a private, parochial high school in Petersburg, Virginia until 2001. Its campus was at 240 Wagner Road, which had been the campus of its predecessor, the Bollingbrook School.

References

  1. http://tawarriors.org/school-info/our-staff/
  2. Robert T. Nelson (October 12, 1997). "Lost Judgeship: Echoes of a time past". Seattle Times. Retrieved September 4, 2012.
  3. "P.E School Fund Drive Is Planned". The Progress-Index. Petersburg, VA. September 10, 1961. p. 1.
  4. http://www.tidewateracademy-pvt-va.us/home/schoolhistory.html
  5. Kim Root (May 9, 2004). "Breaking Barriers - Officials Worked Around or Created New Laws to Fight Integration". Daily Press (Newport News, VA). Archived from the original on November 10, 2013. Retrieved September 4, 2012.
  6. Hanthorn, Jessica (16 May 2004). "Overcoming Exclusion" . Retrieved 19 December 2018.