Tiger Balm Garden

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The entrance to Haw Par Villa in the grounds of Tiger Balm Garden in Singapore. TigerBalmGarden-HawParVilla-entrance-Singapore-196009.jpg
The entrance to Haw Par Villa in the grounds of Tiger Balm Garden in Singapore.
Figures at Tiger Balm Garden Hong Kong in 1965 Tiger Balm Garden HK.jpg
Figures at Tiger Balm Garden Hong Kong in 1965

Tiger Balm Gardens are public gardens that existed or continue to exist in three East Asia locations. They are also known as Haw Par Villa gardens.


All three Tiger Balm Garden locations were built by the Aw family (Aw Boon Haw and Aw Boon Par). They were created to promote the Tiger Balm products produced by the family.

Aw Boon Haw Burmese Chinese businessman

Aw Boon-Haw, OBE, was a Burmese Chinese entrepreneur and philanthropist best known as founder of Tiger Balm. He was a son of Hakka herbalist Aw Chu-Kin, with his ancestral home in Yongding County, Fujian Province, China.

Aw Boon-Par was a Burmese Chinese entrepreneur and philanthropist best known for introducing Tiger Balm.

The original garden was located in Hong Kong but is now closed. The second is in Singapore, and a third is in Fujian province of Mainland China.

Fujian Province

Fujian, is a province on the southeast coast of mainland China. Fujian is bordered by Zhejiang to the north, Jiangxi to the west, Guangdong to the south, and the Taiwan Strait to the east. The name Fujian came from the combination of Fuzhou and Jianzhou, two cities in Fujian, during the Tang dynasty. While its population is chiefly of Han origin, it is one of the most culturally and linguistically diverse provinces in China.

The gardens contain statues and dioramas depicting scenes from Chinese folklore, legends, history and illustrations of various aspects of Confucianism.

Confucianism Chinese ethical and philosophical system

Confucianism, also known as Ruism, is described as tradition, a philosophy, a religion, a humanistic or rationalistic religion, a way of governing, or simply a way of life. Confucianism developed from what was later called the Hundred Schools of Thought from the teachings of the Chinese philosopher Confucius, who considered himself a recodifier and retransmitter of the theology and values inherited from the Shang and Zhou dynasties. In the Han dynasty, Confucian approaches edged out the "proto-Taoist" Huang–Lao as the official ideology, while the emperors mixed both with the realist techniques of Legalism.

Tiger Balm Gardens at different locations

Tiger Balm Garden (Hong Kong)

Haw Par Mansion better known as its area that open to the public Tiger Balm Garden, also called Aw Boon Haw Garden, was a mansion and gardens located at 15, Tai Hang Road, Tai Hang, Wan Chai District, Hong Kong. The Tiger Balm Garden was demolished for redevelopment in 2004. The Haw Par Mansion and its private garden have been preserved.

Haw Par Villa theme park in Singapore

Haw Par Villa is a theme park located along Pasir Panjang Road in Singapore. The park contains over 1,000 statues and 150 giant dioramas depicting scenes from Chinese mythology, folklore, legends, history, and illustrations of various aspects of Confucianism. During the 1970s and 1980s, the park was a major local attraction; it is estimated that the park then welcomed at least 1 million annual visitors, and is considered as part of Singapore's cultural heritage. As of 2018, under the park operator Journeys, efforts to revitalise the park are ongoing with the holding of themed events and the planning and construction of ancillary museums.

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Aw Sian also known as Sally Aw, OBE, DStJ, JP, is a Hong Kong businesswoman and adopted daughter of the Burmese-Hakka Chinese entrepreneur and newspaper proprietor Aw Boon-haw. Sally Aw was nicknamed Tiger Balm Lady as well as Chinese Howard Hughes.

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A Nine-Dragon Wall or Nine-Dragon Screen is a type of screen wall with reliefs of nine different Chinese dragons. Such walls are typically found in imperial Chinese palaces and gardens.

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<i>Singapore Tiger Standard</i> Singapore daily newspaper in English language

The Singapore Standard more commonly known as Singapore Tiger Standard or Tiger Standard, was a Singapore newspaper that was published in English language. The newspaper was founded by millionaire Aw Boon Haw, who was famous for his Tiger Balm and Star Newspapers. Singapore Standard was the sister newspaper of Hongkong Tiger Standard, as well as Sin Chew Jit Po of Singapore and Malaysia, which were published in Chinese. Aw Boon Haw also founded many newspapers in other location. Shortly after the Colony of Singapore gained its self-governance, Sin Poh Amalgamated, the publisher, stopped to publish the newspaper in 1959. It was reported that Aw Cheng Taik, a relative of Aw and former managing director of Singapore Standard, founded another "Tiger Newspaper" in August 1959 in Kuala Lumpur in the Federation of Malaya, which published in Chinese language. "Kuala Lumpur Tiger" was stopped to publish either in 1961, due to financial difficulties.

Aw family is the family member of Aw Chu Kin and his descendant. Aw Chu Kin started his business in Burma, which his two sons expanded it into a multi-national conglomerate that from Chinese medicines to newspaper, as well as bank, insurance and real estate. However, the family started to decline in the third generation, by the takeover of family-owned listed company Haw Par Brothers International in Singapore in 1971, which saw Sin Poh Amalgamated, Chung Khiaw Bank and Haw Par Brothers (Thailand) were spin-off from the listed company. Before the dismantle, the key position of the business empire was served by third-generation member and their spouse, which they were removed after the takeover. However, Sally Aw, granddaughter of Aw Chu Kin, remained as one of the influential media tycoon in Hong Kong in 1990s, until forced to sell her Sing Tao Holdings in 1999 due to financial difficulties.


  1. Homes and family Tiger balm Foundation website. Accessed June 2012


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