This is a timeline of Tajikistani history, comprising important legal and territorial changes and political events in Tajikistan and its predecessor states. To read about the background to these events, see History of Tajikistan.
|1405||February 19||Timur died.|
|1506||Turks annex the Timurid Empire.|
|1526||Mughal Empire was established.|
|1598||End of Turkic rule.|
|1605||Vali Muhammad Khan became leader of the Ashtarkhanid dynasty.|
|1632||Imam Quli Khan died.|
|1709||The Khanate of Kokand was formed.|
|1736||January 22||The Afsharid dynasty formed.|
|1740||Nader Shah conquered the Janid Khanate.|
|1747||Nader Shah died.|
|1796||Death of Shahrokh Shah.|
|1830||January 12||Beginning of the Great Game.|
|1839||March||First Anglo-Afghan War : The war began.|
|1842||October||First Anglo-Afghan War : The war ended with Afghanistan claiming victory.|
|1845||December 11||First Anglo-Sikh War : The war began.|
|1846||January 28||Battle of Aliwal : The battle took place.|
|March 9||The Treaty of Lahore was signed.|
| First Anglo-Sikh War : The war ended with sikh empire |
|1868||Most of Tajikistan was incorporated into the Sikh empire.|
|1883||The Khanate of Kokand collapsed.|
|1918||February||The city of Kokand was assaulted by the Bolsheviks|
|1920||Tajikistan left the Russian Empire.|
|Tajikistan became a part of the Soviet Union.|
|1924||December 7||Formation of the first militia in Tajikistan.|
|1936||December 5||Tajik Socialist Soviet Republic was renamed to Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic .|
|1961||November 10||The city of Stalinabad, was renamed to Dushanbe .|
|1991||August 31||Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic was renamed to Republic of Tajikistan .|
|After the collapse of the Soviet Union, Tajikistan left.|
|1992||May 5||Civil war in Tajikistan : A civil war began.|
|1993||February 23||Armed Forces of the Republic of Tajikistan was founded.|
|1994||November 16||Emomali Rahmon became the 3rd president of Tajikistan.|
|1997||June 27||Civil war in Tajikistan: The civil war ended.|
|2013||November 6||A presidential election took place.|
|2017||February 19||Tajikistan participated at the 2017 Asian Winter Games.|
|2018||May 18||Death of Mumin Kanoat.|
Tajikistan, officially the Republic of Tajikistan, is a landlocked country in Central Asia. It has an area of 142,326 km2 (54,952 sq mi) and an estimated population of 9,750,065 people. Its capital and largest city is Dushanbe. It is bordered by Afghanistan to the south, Uzbekistan to the west, Kyrgyzstan to the north, and China to the east. It is separated narrowly from Pakistan by Afghanistan's Wakhan Corridor. The traditional homelands of the Tajiks include present-day Tajikistan as well as parts of Afghanistan and Uzbekistan.
Tajikistan harkens to the Samanid Empire (819–999). The Tajik people came under Russian rule in the 1860s. The Basmachi revolt broke out in the wake of the Russian Revolution of 1917 and was quelled in the early 1920s during the Russian Civil War. In 1924, Tajikistan became an Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republics of the Soviet Union, the Tajik ASSR, within Uzbekistan. In 1929, Tajikistan was made one of the component republics of the Soviet Union – Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic – and it kept that status until gaining independence 1991 after the dissolution of the Soviet Union.
Tajiks are a Persian-speaking Iranian ethnic group native to Central Asia, living primarily in Afghanistan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan. Tajiks are the largest ethnicity in Tajikistan, and the second-largest in Afghanistan and Uzbekistan. They speak varieties of Persian, a Western Iranian language. In Tajikistan, since the 1939 Soviet census, its small Pamiri and Yaghnobi ethnic groups are included as Tajiks. In China, the term is used to refer to its Pamiri ethnic groups, the Tajiks of Xinjiang, who speak the Eastern Iranian Pamiri languages. In Afghanistan, the Pamiris are counted as a separate ethnic group.
Dushanbe is the capital and largest city of Tajikistan. As of January 2022, Dushanbe had a population of 1,201,800 and that population was largely Tajik. Until 1929, the city was known in Russian as Dyushambe, and from 1929 to 1961 as Stalinabad, after Joseph Stalin. Dushanbe is located in the Gissar Valley, bounded by the Gissar Range in the north and east and the Babatag, Aktau, Rangontau and Karatau mountains in the south, and has an elevation of 750–930 m. The city is divided into four districts, all named after Persian historical figures: Ismail Samani, Avicenna, Ferdowsi, and Shah Mansur.
Tajik, also called Tajiki Persian or Tajiki, is the variety of Persian spoken in Tajikistan and Uzbekistan by Tajiks. It is closely related to neighbouring Dari of Afghanistan with which it forms a continuum of mutually intelligible varieties of the Persian language. Several scholars consider Tajik as a dialectal variety of Persian rather than a language on its own. The popularity of this conception of Tajik as a variety of Persian was such that, during the period in which Tajik intellectuals were trying to establish Tajik as a language separate from Persian, prominent intellectual Sadriddin Ayni counterargued that Tajik was not a "bastardised dialect" of Persian. The issue of whether Tajik and Persian are to be considered two dialects of a single language or two discrete languages has political sides to it.
Tajikistan competed at the 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens, Greece, from 13 to 29 August 2004.
Jews and Judaism in Tajikistan have a long and varied history. Many of the Tajik Jews were originally Bukharan Jews.
The Emirate of Bukhara was a Muslim polity in Central Asia that existed from 1785 to 1920 in what is modern-day Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Kazakhstan. It occupied the land between the Amu Darya and Syr Darya rivers, known formerly as Transoxiana. Its core territory was the fertile land along the lower Zarafshon river, and its urban centres were the ancient cities of Samarqand and the emirate's capital, Bukhara. It was contemporaneous with the Khanate of Khiva to the west, in Khwarazm, and the Khanate of Kokand to the east, in Fergana. In 1920, it ended with the establishment of the Bukharan People's Soviet Republic.
Human rights in Tajikistan, a country in Central Asia, have become an issue of international concern. The access to basic human rights remains limited, with corruption in the government and the systematic abuse of the human rights of its citizens slowing down the progress of democratic and social reform in the country.
Dilshod Jamoliddinovich Nazarov is a Tajik track and field athlete who specializes in the hammer throw. He has represented his country at the Olympic Games on four occasions, winning the gold medal in Rio de Janeiro, the first gold medal for Tajikistan in the history of the Olympic Games.
The Central Asian Games (CAG) is an international multi-sport event organised by the Central Asian Olympic Committee (CAOC) and held every two years since 1995 among athletes from Central Asian countries and territories of the Olympic Council of Asia (OCA), especially formerly members of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.
Tajikistan competed at the 2008 Summer Olympics which was held in Beijing, People's Republic of China from August 8 to August 24, 2008. The country has sent thirteen competitors to the Games, who took part in five sports: boxing, judo, swimming, hammer throw and freestyle wrestling.
United Nations Security Council resolution 1274, adopted unanimously on 12 November 1999, after recalling all resolutions on the situation in Tajikistan and along the Tajik-Afghan border, the Council extended the mandate of the United Nations Mission of Observers in Tajikistan (UNMOT) for a further six months until 15 May 2000 and addressed preparations for upcoming parliamentary elections in the country.
Tajikistan participated in the 2010 Summer Youth Olympics in Singapore.
Tajikistan competed at the 2012 Summer Olympics in London, from 27 July to 12 August 2012. This was the nation's fifth consecutive appearance at the Olympics. The National Olympic Committee of the Republic of Tajikistan sent the nation's largest delegation to the Games. A total of 16 athletes, 13 men and 3 women, competed in 7 sports. Six of these athletes had competed in Beijing, including judoka Rasul Boqiev and freestyle wrestler Yusup Abdusalomov, who both won Tajikistan's first ever Olympic medals.
Tajikistan competed at the 2016 Summer Olympics in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, from 5 to 21 August 2016. This was the nation's sixth consecutive appearance at the Summer Olympics in the post-Soviet era.
Tajikistan participated in the 2018 Asian Games in Jakarta and Palembang, Indonesia from 18 August to 2 September 2018. This event marks as the seventh appearance for Tajikistan since 1994 Hiroshima Games. The best achievement by medals was in 2006 Doha by collecting 2 gold and 2 bronze medals. At the last edition in Incheon, Tajikistan captured a gold, a silver, and 3 bronze medals, made the country standing in 23rd position, as their best ranking since the first occasion.
Tajikistan competed at the 2020 Summer Olympics in Tokyo. Originally scheduled to take place from 24 July to 9 August 2020, the Games were postponed to 23 July to 8 August 2021, because of the COVID-19 pandemic. It was the nation's seventh consecutive appearance at the Summer Olympics in the post-Soviet era.
This is a list of individuals and events related to Tajikistan in 2021.
This is a list of individuals and events related to Tajikistan in 2022.