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Tingachhia is a small locality in the township of Katihar in Bihar, India.
Katihar is a city situated in the eastern part of the state of Bihar in India. It is the regional headquarter of Katihar district. It is one of the larger cities of Bihar and is known all over East India for its highly strategic railway junction.
Bihar is a state in eastern India. It is the twelfth-largest Indian state, with an area of 94,163 km2 (36,357 sq mi). The third-largest state by population, it is contiguous with Uttar Pradesh to its west, Nepal to the north, the northern part of West Bengal to the east, with Jharkhand to the south. The Bihar plain is split by the river Ganges, which flows from west to east. Three main regions converge in the state: Magadh, Mithila, and Bhojpur.
India is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by area, the second-most populous country, and the most populous democracy in the world. Bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the southwest, and the Bay of Bengal on the southeast, it shares land borders with Pakistan to the west; China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the north; and Bangladesh and Myanmar to the east. In the Indian Ocean, India is in the vicinity of Sri Lanka and the Maldives; its Andaman and Nicobar Islands share a maritime border with Thailand and Indonesia.
Tingachhia used to be a village but it is now part of Katihar municipality, within Ward No 44
The town is at a low elevation, and the landscape is crossed by dried streams. A natural drainage near the village is the Kathotia, which is dirty from sewage from the town. The Kosi canal passes near the village. Formerly much of the area was covered with Mango & Litchi orchards.
Tingachhia is a very old settlement located on the trade route from the Bihar plateau to Nepal. The origin of the name "Tingachhia" means the place with three trees. The traders used to rest in the shade of these three trees and hence the name. Initially the area was lightly populated and most of the land owned by Zamindars were used for cultivation. With the increase in population the locality grew. A jute mill was set up which is now known as Purana Jute Mill. At the same time there was a match factory, but it has since been closed down as the result of multiple fires. Tingachhia has been a trade centre for raw jute. In the 1960s and 1970s the Jute gola of Mangal Chand Jain supplied jute to the mills of Katihar and Calcutta.
The Government of Bihar set up two farms for the development of agriculture. One of the farms, known as Rajendra Jute Research Institute, is doing pioneering work in the area of jute cultivation. Under the aegis of the Government of India the Bihar government set up a Krishi Bazar Samiti (Agriculture Market Yard) for the marketing of agricultural produce in 1974. This samiti is the centre for trading of agricultural products for the entire Katihar district.
The godowns and offices of State Food Corporation and Central Ware Housing Corporation are located in the Bazar Samiti premises.
There is an office and centre of the Jute Corporation of India for the sale and purchase of jute.
The Jute Corporation of India Ltd. (JCI) is based in Kolkata, is an agency of the government of India that assists jute cultivators in states where this crop is grown, providing minimum price support. An audit issued in February 2010 identified various deficiencies in the JCI operations that were severely handicapping its effectiveness.
The area is dotted with rice mills and large godowns. The people are mostly engaged in trading and transportation activities. A sizeable segment of the population is employed in education as there are schools and coaching institutes in the area. Many people are government employees.
The Bazar Samiti is a big trading centre for paddy and jute. The town is also a center for trading in milk-giving livestock. High yielding animals are brought here from other parts of India and sold to the people of adjoining areas, including the province of West Bengal. The cost of living is cheap, particularly for fod[ clarification needed ]. One can find fresh vegetables, fish, and pure milk at a very low prices. There are two firms which are engaged in manufacturing of agricultural equipments. These agricultural equipments are supplied to West Bengal and Nepal.
Most of the people in the area are settlers from outside commensurate with the industrialization and trading activities. The earliest prominent employer was the jute mills. People mostly speak Angika and Hindi; however, at home they speak their own language like Bhojpuri, Mithili, etc. There is a sizable migrant population from Myanmar settled in the Burma Colony. Some refugees from Bangladesh have also chosen Tingachhia as their home.
Angika (अंगिका) or Chhika-Chhiki is a language spoken primarily in the Bihar and Jharkhand states of India and the Terai region of Nepal.It belongs to the Eastern Indo-Aryan language family. It is closely related to languages such as Bengali, Assamese, Oriya, Maithili and Magahi.
Myanmar, officially the Republic of the Union of Myanmar and also known as Burma, is a country in Southeast Asia. Myanmar is bordered by India and Bangladesh to its west, Thailand and Laos to its east and China to its north and northeast. Myanmar is the largest of the mainland Southeast Asian states. To its south, about one third of Myanmar's total perimeter of 5,876 km (3,651 mi) forms an uninterrupted coastline of 1,930 km (1,200 mi) along the Bay of Bengal and the Andaman Sea. The country's 2014 census counted the population to be 51 million people. As of 2017, the population is about 54 million. Myanmar is 676,578 square kilometres in size. Its capital city is Naypyidaw, and its largest city is Yangon (Rangoon). Myanmar has been a member of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) since 1997.
Tingachhia is located at the southern fringe of Katihar Town. The main road is a highway that goes to Manihari. This highway bisects Tingachhia in an east–west direction, and is a very busy life line of the rural area. Travelers use this road to get from Manihari to Kaanwar during the month of Shravan to offer Ganga-Jal to Lord Shiva. During all pious occasions requiring bathing in the river Ganges this road becomes busier.
The locality is three kilometers southeast of the Katihar railway station. Rickshaws and hired cars and nowadays three wheelers, too, are also available at the railway station. The nearest commercial airport is Bagdogra. Telecommunication facilities are available in the locality. One can choose from a fixed line via BSNL or mobile cell services of all the operators.
Bagdogra is a census town in Darjeeling district in the Indian state of West Bengal. Bagdogra is a part of the Greater Siliguri Metropolitan Area. Bagdogra is well connected by air from four major cities of India - Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata & Chennai. Bagdogra has a railway station. Bagdogra Airport is the only airport in North Bengal, which is now a Customs Airport.
A geographic coordinate system is a coordinate system that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position; alternatively, a geographic position may be expressed in a combined three-dimensional Cartesian vector. A common choice of coordinates is latitude, longitude and elevation. To specify a location on a plane requires a map projection.
Purnia is a city that serves as the administrative headquarters of both Purnia district and Purnia division in the Indian state of Bihar. It is the largest city in northeastern Bihar also known as Kosi- Seemanchal area. Total geographical area of Purnia municipal corporation is 92 sq.km. which is next only to Patna. Population density of the city is 3058 persons per km sq. making it the 5th largest city of Bihar. It is nearly 302 kilometres from Patna, as well as 171 km from Siliguri, 90 km from Bhagalpur.It is 640 km from Guwahati (Approx.) and 450 km from Kolkata, the capital of the adjacent state of West Bengal and the largest city in East India. Purnia district covers 3202.31 sq. km of the state of Bihar. The Indian Army, Indian Air Force, and three of five branches of India's Central Armed Police Forces – the Border Security Force (BSF), the Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB), and the Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP) – have bases around the district.
Bhatpara is a city and a municipality of North 24 Parganas district in the Indian state of West Bengal. It is a part of the area covered by Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authority (KMDA).
Katihar district is one of the thirty-eight districts of Bihar state, India, and Katihar town is the administrative headquarters of this district. The district is a part of Purnia Division. One important thing is Katihar railway station is one of the biggest railway station in Bihar.
Jute is one of the important natural fibers after cotton in terms of cultivation and usage. Cultivation is dependent on the climate, season, and soil. Almost 85% of the world's jute cultivation is concentrated in the Ganges Delta.
Bhadreswar is a city and a municipality of Hooghly district in the Indian state of West Bengal. It is a part of the area covered by Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authority (KMDA).
Champdani is a city and a municipality of Hooghly district in the Indian state of West Bengal. It is under Bhadreswar police station in Chandannagore subdivision. It is a part of the area covered by Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authority (KMDA). This town is famous for six factories, viz.the GIS Cotton Mill, Dalhousie Jute Mill, North Brook jute Mill, Angus jute Mill, Lagan engineering, and Braithwate Ltd
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Birds Jute and Export Limited (BJEL) is a Public Sector Undertaking (PSU) of the Government of India and is headquartered in Kolkata, West Bengal.
Barsoi is a town and nagar panchayat and serves headquarters of a subdivision in Katihar district in the state of Bihar, India. It is an important railway junction under Katihar division Northeast Frontier Railway zone of Indian Railways.
Chandannagore subdivision is an administrative subdivision of the Hooghly district in the state of West Bengal, India.
Korha is a town and tehsil (sub-district) in the Katihar district, Bihar state, India. The name is sometimes spelled Kora.
The Katihar–Siliguri line is a railway line connecting Katihar in the Indian state of Bihar with Siliguri Junction in West Bengal, via Aluabari Road Junction (Islampur), Thakurganj and Bagdogra. It was a metre gauge track that was converted to 1,676 mm Broad Gauge in 2011.
Katihar Junction railway station serves Katihar city in Katihar district in the Indian state of Bihar.It is a A Category Railway Station of Katihar Division. The Katihar Junction railway station is connected to most of the major cities in India by the railway network.
National Jute Manufacturers Corporation Ltd.(NJMC) is a Public Sector Undertaking (PSU) of the Government of India and is headquartered in Kolkata, West Bengal. It was incorporated under the Companies Act, 1956 with an objective to takeover six jute mills, the management of which was earlier taken over by the Government of India under the Industries Act, 1951. At present NJMC is engaged in manufacturing of jute goods through its three running units, two units located at North North 24 Paragnas in West Bengal and one unit located at Katihar in Bihar. It has one subsidiary namely Birds Jute and Export Limited.
Kolasi is a village situated near Katihar Town (5.0 km) of Bihar state in India. It is located on the banks of the Kosi river, surrounded by temples and agriculture lands and gathering a harmonized society above cast and religion. Generally, this village is known for having a common market place for nearby villages people and for its peaceful environment.
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Jute Industry in Bangladesh is an industry that is historically and culturally important that once was the biggest industry in the region but has declined since then. Jute was historically a major export item of Bangladesh but has declined since the 1970s. Exports have fallen as other countries grew jute and alternate products like plastic and hemp found more widespread use. Bangladesh produces, as of 2018, 33 percent of the total worldwide production of jute.