Tingi Hills Forest Reserve

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Tingi Hills Forest Reserve
Sierra Leone location map Topographic.png
Red ff0000 pog.svg
Location Sierra Leone
Nearest city Sefadu
Coordinates 8°55′18″N10°46′39″W / 8.92168°N 10.77744°W / 8.92168; -10.77744 Coordinates: 8°55′18″N10°46′39″W / 8.92168°N 10.77744°W / 8.92168; -10.77744
Area 118.85 km2 (45.89 sq mi)
Established 1947

The Tingi Hills Forest Reserve is located in a mountain range in the east of Sierra Leone and occupies an area of 118.85 km2 (45.89 sq mi). [1] It became a forest reserve in 1947 and a non-hunting forest reserve in 1973. The area reaches from an altitude of 400 to 1850 metres at the north peak of the dual peaked Sankan Biriwa massif. In the lower regions the area consists of forest interspersed with savannah then moves into shrub savannah and then mountain grassland at higher altitudes. Over 200 species of birds have been recorded in the area and the reserve is also home to western baboons and forest elephants. [2] [3]

Mountain range A geographic area containing several geologically related mountains

A mountain range or hill range is a series of mountains or hills ranged in a line and connected by high ground. A mountain system or mountain belt is a group of mountain ranges with similarity in form, structure, and alignment that have arisen from the same cause, usually an orogeny. Mountain ranges are formed by a variety of geological processes, but most of the significant ones on Earth are the result of plate tectonics. Mountain ranges are also found on many planetary mass objects in the Solar System and are likely a feature of most terrestrial planets.

Sierra Leone republic in West Africa

Sierra Leone, officially the Republic of Sierra Leone, informally Salone, is a country on the southwest coast of West Africa. It has a tropical climate, with a diverse environment ranging from savanna to rainforests. The country has a total area of 71,740 km2 (27,699 sq mi) and a population of 7,075,641 as of the 2015 census. Sierra Leone is a constitutional republic with a directly elected president and a unicameral legislature. Sierra Leone has a dominant unitary central government. The president is the head of state and the head of government. The country's capital and largest city is Freetown. Sierra Leone is made up of five administrative regions: the Northern Province, North West Province, Eastern Province, Southern Province and the Western Area. These regions are subdivided into sixteen districts.

Altitude or height is defined based on the context in which it is used. As a general definition, altitude is a distance measurement, usually in the vertical or "up" direction, between a reference datum and a point or object. The reference datum also often varies according to the context. Although the term altitude is commonly used to mean the height above sea level of a location, in geography the term elevation is often preferred for this usage.

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  1. World Database on Protected Areas: site Information, UN Environment Programme World Conservation Monitoring Centre, retrieved on 12 November 2007
  2. Eco-Tourism, Sierra Leone National Tourist Board, retrieved on 17 November 2007
  3. BirdLife IBA Factsheet: Tingi Hills Non-hunting Forest Reserve, BirdLife International (2007, retrieved on 17 November 2007